Jean Bonvoisin (Paris 1752-1837) was a French painter.
His father was an art dealer and his mother was an artist. He studied under Callet then under Gabriel-François Doyen. In 1774 he won second prize in the prix de Rome (first prize that year went to Jacques-Louis David), then in 1775 he won first prize with Haman confounded by Esther before Ahasuerus, beating Jean-Baptiste Regnault. Under the French Revolution he and Wicar administrated the central museum of arts (what would become the musée du Louvre) and members of the temporary arts commission. On the Bourbon Restoration he became professor in the école royale gratuite de dessin at Saint-Quentin.