Jean Gaston Darboux

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Jean-Gaston Darboux
Jean-Gaston Darboux
Born(1842-08-14)August 14, 1842
DiedFebruary 23, 1917(1917-02-23) (aged 74)
AwardsSylvester Medal
Scientific career
Doctoral advisorMichel Chasles
Doctoral studentsÉmile Borel
Élie Cartan
Stanisław Zaremba

Jean-Gaston Darboux (August 14, 1842, Nîmes – February 23, 1917, Paris) was a French mathematician.


Darboux made several important contributions to geometry and mathematical analysis (see linear PDEs for example). He was a biographer of Henri Poincaré and he edited the Selected Works of Joseph Fourier.

Darboux received his Ph.D. from the École Normale Supérieure in 1866. His thesis, written under the direction of Michel Chasles, was titled Sur les surfaces orthogonales. In 1884, Darboux was elected to the Académie des Sciences. In 1900, he was appointed the Academy's permanent secretary of its Mathematics section.

Among his students were Émile Borel, Élie Cartan, Gheorghe Ţiţeica and Stanisław Zaremba.

In 1902, he was elected to the Royal Society; in 1916, he received the Sylvester Medal from the Society.

There are many things named after him:

Books by Gaston Darboux

1887-96. Leçons sur la théorie générale des surfaces et les applications géométriques du calcul infinitésimal. Gauthier-Villars:

See also



  • "Darboux, Jean-Gaston". Biographical Dictionary of Mathematicians. Charles Scribner's Sons. 1991.
  • Lebon, Ernest (1910). Gaston Darboux. Gauthier-Villars.
  • Fourier, Joseph (1888–1890). Œuvres de Fourier. Paris: Gauthier-Villars. ISBN 2051005788.

External links