Jean François Gigoux (6 January 1806 – 11 December 1894) was a French painter, lithographer, illustrator and art collector.
He was born in Besançon. His father, Claude Étienne Gigoux, was a blacksmith, originally from Seveux (Haute-Saône).. He began his artistic studies at the École régionale des beaux-arts de Besançon, then transferred to the École des beaux-arts of Paris in 1828, where he studied with Théodore Gericault and Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, who helped him finance a study trip to Italy. In 1831, he had his debut at the Salon.
In 1833, he became a contributor to Le Magasin pittoresque. Two years later, he created several hundred woodcuts for Gil Blas by Alain-René Lesage, which brought him a great deal of notoriety. He was named a Chevalier in the Legion of Honor in 1842. Several of his students became well-known; notably Henri Baron, Léopold Flameng and François-Louis Français.
He died in Paris in 1894, having bequeathed more than 3000 drawings and 460 paintings to the Musée des beaux-arts et d'archéologie de Besançon, making him one of their four principal donors. A monument has been erected at his tomb in the Champs-Bruley cemetery in Besançon.
A retrospective exhibit of his work was held at the Musée des beaux-arts de Rouen in 2007–2008. His works may also be seen at the Musée des beaux-arts de Bordeaux, the Musée des beaux-arts de Chambéry, Musée Magnin and the Louvre.
- Archives municipales de Besancon Online
- Dossier @ the base Leonore.
- Alexandre Estignard, Jean Gigoux, sa vie, ses œuvres ses collections, Besançon, Delagrande-Louys, 1895, illustré de 22 phototypies.
- Henry Jouin, Jean Gigoux : Artistes et gens de lettres de l'époque romantique, Collection XIX, 2016, ISBN 978-2-0118-9838-8
- Jacqueline Bouchot-Saupique, "Les dessins de la collection Jean Gigoux", in Beaux-Arts, November 1923
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