Jean Joseph Henri Toussaint
Probably, his most significant contribution was the development of a method of vaccination against anthrax. However, credit for creation of the anthrax vaccine went to Louis Pasteur, following Pasteur's celebrated demonstration with the vaccine on sheep at Pouilly-le-Fort in 1881. At Pouilly-le-Fort, Pasteur used a vaccine attenuated by potassium dichromate, employing a process similar to Toussaint's, who had published a means of attenuation by another antiseptic, carbolic acid. Pasteur never gave proper credit to Toussaint and his discovery. Pasteur's nephew, bacteriologist Adrien Loir (1862-1941) was aware of Toussaint's work with the vaccine, of which he documented in the 1938 treatise, A l'ombre de Pasteur ("In the Shadow of Pasteur").
From 1881, Toussaint was in declining health, reportedly from a nerve-related disease. He died on 3 August 1890 at the age of 43.
- On the Anthrax Inoculation by Robert Koch
- Parts of this article are based on a translation of the equivalent article from the French Wikipedia.
- Rom, Harré (2002). "The discovery of the attenuation of 'viruses'". Great scientific experiments : twenty experiments that changed our view of the world. Dover Publications. p. 106. ISBN 0-486-42263-1.
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