Jean Lorrain

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Jean Lorrain
Lorrain, Jean.jpg
Born Paul Alexandre Martin Duval
(1855-08-09)9 August 1855
Fécamp, France
Died 30 June 1906(1906-06-30) (aged 50)
Fécamp, France
Resting place Cimetière de Fécamp (Fécamp), Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie Region, France
Occupation Poet and novelist
Nationality French
Notable works Monsieur de Phocas
Princesses d'ivoire et d'ivresse
Histoires de masques

Signature
Jean Lorrain, as caricatured by Sem (Georges Goursat, 1863–1934)

Jean Lorrain (9 August 1855 in Fécamp, Seine-Maritime – 30 June 1906), born Paul Alexandre Martin Duval, was a French poet and novelist of the Symbolist school.

Lorrain was openly gay and a dedicated disciple of dandyism. He contributed to the satirical weekly Le Courrier français, and wrote a number of collections of verse, including La forêt bleue (1883) and L'ombre ardente, (1897). He is also remembered for his Decadent novels and short stories, such as Monsieur de Phocas (1901), Monsieur de Bougrelon (1897), and Histoires des masques (1900), as well as for one of his best stories, Sonyeuse, which he linked to portraits exhibited by Antonio de La Gándara in 1893. He also wrote the libretto to Pierre de Bréville's opera Éros vainqueur (1910).

Duel[edit]

During his life, Marcel Proust never openly admitted to his homosexuality, though his family and close friends either knew or suspected it. In 1897, he even fought a duel with Lorrain, who had publicly questioned the nature of Proust's relationship with Lucien Daudet. (Both duelists survived.)[1] Despite Proust's own public denial, his romantic relationship with composer Reynaldo Hahn,[2] and his infatuation with his chauffeur and secretary, Alfred Agostinelli, are well documented.[3]

Works[edit]

Poetry[edit]

  • Le Sang des dieux (1882)
  • La Forêt bleue (1882)
  • Modernités (1885)
  • Les Griseries (1887)
  • L'Ombre ardente (1897)[4]

Novels[edit]

Novellas[edit]

  • Sonyeuse (1891)[11]
  • Buveurs d'âmes (1893)
  • La Princesse sous verre (1896)
  • Âmes d'automne (1897)
  • Loreley (1897)
  • Contes pour lire à la chandelle (1897)
  • Ma petite ville (1898)
  • Princesses d'Italie (1898)
  • Histoires de masques (1900)[12]
  • Princesses d'ivoire et d'ivresse (1902)
  • Vingt femmes (1903)
  • Quelques hommes (1903)
  • La Mandragore (1903)[13]
  • Fards et poisons (1904)[14]
  • Propos d'âmes simples (1904)
  • L'École des vieilles femmes (1905)
  • Le Crime des riches (1906)[15]
  • Narkiss (1909)
  • Les Pelléastres (1910)

Stage[edit]

Chronicles and travel writing[edit]

  • Dans l'oratoire (1888)
  • La Petite Classe (1895)
  • Sensations et souvenirs (1895)[18]
  • Une femme par jour (1896)[19]
  • Poussières de Paris (1896–1902)[20]
  • Madame Baringhel (1899)
  • Heures d'Afrique (1899)[21]
  • Heures de Corse (1905)[22]
  • La Ville empoisonnée (1930)
  • Femmes de 1900 (1932)
  • Voyages, (2009), Les Promeneurs solitaires, préface de Sébastien Paré.

Books in English[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hall, Sean Charles (February 12, 2012). "Dueling Dandies: How Men Of Style Displayed a Blasé Demeanor In the Face of Death". Dandyism. 
  2. ^ Carter, William C. (2006), Proust in Love, Yale University Press, pp. 31–5, ISBN 0-300-10812-5 
  3. ^ Whitaker, Rick (June 1, 2000). "Proust's dearest pleasures: The best of a slew of recent biographies points to the author's conscious self-closeting". Salon. 
  4. ^ Lorrain, Jean (1897). L'Ombre ardente (online text ed.). gallica.bnf.fr. 
  5. ^ Les Lépillier (1885 et 1908), online text
  6. ^ Monsieur de Phocas (1901), online text
  7. ^ Le Vice errant (1901), online text
  8. ^ L'Aryenne (1907), online text
  9. ^ Maison pour dames (1908), online text
  10. ^ 'Hélie, garçon d'hôtel (1908), online text
  11. ^ Sonyeuse (1891), online text
  12. ^ Histoires de masques (1900), online text
  13. ^ La Mandragore (1903), online text
  14. ^ Fards et poisons (1904), online text
  15. ^ Le Crime des riches (1906), online text
  16. ^ Viviane, conte en 1 acte (1885), online text
  17. ^ Yanthis, comédie en 4 actes, en vers (1894), online text
  18. ^ Sensations et souvenirs (1895), online text
  19. ^ Une femme par jour (1896), online text
  20. ^ 'Poussières de Paris (1896–1902), online text
  21. ^ 'Heures d'Afrique (1899), online text
  22. ^ Heures de Corse (1905), online text

External links[edit]