Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille
|Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille|
|Born||22 April 1797
|Died||26 December 1869
|Fields||physicist and physiologist|
|Alma mater||École Polytechnique|
|Known for||Poiseuille's law|
From 1815 to 1816 he studied at the École Polytechnique in Paris. He was trained in physics and mathematics. In 1828 he earned his D.Sc. degree with a dissertation entitled Recherches sur la force du coeur aortique. He was interested in the flow of human blood in narrow tubes.
In 1838 he experimentally derived, and in 1840 and 1846 formulated and published, Poiseuille's law (now commonly known as the Hagen–Poiseuille equation, crediting Gotthilf Hagen as well), which applies to non-turbulent flow of liquids through pipes, such as blood flow in capillaries and veins.
- Brillouin, Marcel (1930). "Jean Leonard Marie Poiseuille". Journal of Rheology 1: 345. Bibcode:1930JRheo...1..345B. doi:10.1122/1.2116329.
- Pfitzner, J (1976), "Poiseuille and his law.", Anaesthesia (Mar 1976) 31 (2): 273–5, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2044.1976.tb11804.x, PMID 779509 (Subscription required)
- Sutera, Salvatore P.; Skalak, Richard (1993). "The History of Poiseuille's Law". Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 25: 1–19. Bibcode:1993AnRFM..25....1S. doi:10.1146/annurev.fl.25.010193.000245.
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