Jean Puiforcat

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Jean Puiforcat
Born(1897-08-05)August 5, 1897
DiedOctober 20, 1945(1945-10-20) (aged 48)
NationalityFrench
Known forThe "most important French Art Deco silversmith."
StyleArt Deco

Jean Elysée Puiforcat (pronounced pwee-for-KAH) (August 5, 1897 – October 20, 1945) was a French silversmith, sculptor and designer.[1] Miller's Antiques Encyclopedia calls Puiforcat the "most important French Art Deco silversmith."[2]

Life and career[edit]

Descartes (Amsterdam)

Puiforcat served in World War I. After the war, he apprenticed as a silversmith and a designer. He lived in Paris. He designed in the art deco style. His silver work had smooth surfaces and was based on the geometric series. Ivory, onyx, lapis lazuli, and rosewood were used to decorate pieces. He also used gilding. Puiforcat left Paris and moved to Saint-Jean-de-Luz, around 1927.[1] He worked briefly in Havana, Cuba from 1928 thru 1930. Fench painter and sculptor Henri Charlier who was born in the Montmartre quarter of Paris on 1883 was a good friend of Puiforcat. Henry and Puiforcat exchanged many letters which his daughter Alizabeth Charlier kept along with photos of a trip that her father Henri made to Havana. The photos were at the shop where Puiforcat and a cuban sculptor by the name of Juan Comas were sculpting lions to be casted in bronze for an important Havana Avenue. Puiforcat, Henri and Comas became acquainted during his stay in Havana. From one of his letters from Cuba, he wrote about how little credit had been given to the cuban sculptor , only because he (Puiforcat) was famous. He seemed to admire Juan Comas' talent very much. Henri and Puiforcat kept the friendship and even met in Mexico around 1943. Puiforcat co-founded the Union des Artistes Modernes.[3] He started designing tableware and by 1934 he also had designed liturgical silver. In 1941, he moved to Mexico. After his move, he started exhibiting in the United States.[1] Puiforcat's name is synonymous with Art Deco glamour; even in his day, the important French silversmith was renowned for the elegant, often mathematical simplicity of his geometric forms and the unexpected combination of flawless metalwork with brilliantly polished hardstones, semiprecious stones, or glass.

Legacy[edit]

Andy Warhol collected Puiforcat silverware, which he acquired while visiting Paris in the 1970s. In 1988, Warhol memorabilia was sold at Sotheby's. The collection sold for $451,000 and a tureen with an aventurine decoration sold for $55,000.[3] Work by Puiforcat is held in the collection of the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum and the Victoria & Albert Museum.[4][5] A chain of boutiques is named after him, which sell his designs and sculptures.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gordon Campbell (November 9, 2006). The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts: Two-volume Set. Oxford University Press. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-19-518948-3. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  2. ^ Beazley, Mitchell (2003). Miller's Antiques Encyclopedia. London: Credo Reference. Retrieved October 3, 2012. (subscription required)
  3. ^ a b Ross, Nancy L. (September 29, 1988). "Art Deco Revisited". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 17, 2018. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  4. ^ Jean Elysée Puiforcat | People | Collection of Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum
  5. ^ Puiforcat, Jean Elisée | Name | V&A Search the Collections
  6. ^ Loukin, Andrea. "Silver shop, Paris: a boutique for Puiforcat by Jean-Pierre Hein. (Brief Article)." Interior Design. Interior Design Media Group LLC. 1991. HighBeam Research. October 3, 2012. (subscription required)