Jean de Roquetaillade

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Johannes de Rupescissa may also refer to Cardinal Jean de La Rochetaillée
Jean de Roquetaillade
1350 Rupescissa.jpg
Manuscript from 1350 by Jean de Roquetaillade
Born ca. 1310
Yolet or Marcolès
Died between 1366 and 1370
Avignon
Residence Auvergne and Avignon
Nationality Auvergnat
Other names Johannes de Rupescissa
Occupation Franciscan, alchemist

Jean de Roquetaillade [1] (born ca. 1310, died between 1366 and 1370, probably at Avignon) was a French Franciscan alchemist.[2]

Biography[edit]

After studying philosophy for five years at Toulouse, he entered the Franciscan monastery at Aurillac, where he continued his studies for five years longer.

His experiments in distillation led to the discovery of what he termed aqua vitæ, or usually quinta essentia, and commended as a panacea for all disease. His work as an alchemist forms the subject-matter of De consideratione quintæ essentiæ (Basle, 1561) and De extractione quintæ essentiæ; likewise Libellus de conficiendo vero lapide philosophico ad sublevandam inopiam papæ et cleri in tempore tribulationis (Strasburg, 1659).

His prophecies and violent denunciation of ecclesiastical abuses brought him into disfavour with his superiors, resulting in his imprisonment in the local Franciscan convents. During a transfer from one convent to another, he was able to reach Avignon and present an appeal before Pope Clement VI in 1349. While there he wrote in 1349 his Visiones seu revelationes, and in 1356 Vade Mecum in tribulatione[3] and Liber Ostensor. His other works include commentaries on the Oraculum Cyrilli, the recently discovered Sexdequiloquium and many other lost treatises and commentaries on various prophecies.

Works[edit]

  • Liber Lucis
  • Liber de Consideratione Quintae Essentiae
  • Commentarius super Cyrillum (1345-1349)
  • Liber Secretorum Eventuum /Liber Conspectorum Archanorum (finished in 1349 in Avignon); modern edition: Christine Morerod-Fattebert, Robert E. Lerner, Le Liber secretorum eventuum de Jean de Roquetaillade, Fribourg: Editions universitaires, 1994.
  • De Oneribus Orbis : a comment on the prophecy Veh Mundo in Centum Annis, related to Arnaldus de Villa Nova.
  • Liber Ostensor (finished in 1356), modern edition: Jean de Roquetaillade, Liber ostensor quod adesse festinant tempora. Édition critique sous la direction d'André Vauchez, par Clemence Thévenaz Modestin et Christine Morerod-Fattebert, Rome: Ecole française de Rome, 2005, XIII-1041 p.
  • Vademecum in tribulatione (finished at the end of 1356): (a) editio princeps: London 1690 (in: E. Brown, Fasciculus rerum expetendarum ac fugiendarum II), (b) modern editions: 1) Giovanni di Rupescissa. Vade mecum in tribulatione, critical edition by Elena Tealdi, historical introduction by Robert E. Lerner and Gian Luca Potestà, Milan: Vita e Pensiero. Dies Nova, 2015, 2) John of Rupescissa's Vade mecum in tribulacione. A Late Medieval Eschatological Manual for the Forthcoming Thirteen Years of Horror and Hardship. Edited by Matthias Kaup, London/New York: Routledge. Church, Faith and Culture in the Medieval West, 2016.
  • Litterae (various letters)
  • Epistola Praedicens Quosdam Eventus et Tribulationes
  • Sexdequiloquium

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ John of Roquetaillade, Johannes de Rupescissa, Giovanni da Rupescissa.
  2. ^ John of Roquetaillade (de Rupescissa) - Catholic Encyclopedia
  3. ^ In Brown, Fascicula rerum expetendarum et fugiendarum, III, London, 1640.

Studies[edit]

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 
  • Jeanne Bignami-Odier, Etudes sur Jean de Roquetaillade (Johannes de Rupescissa), Paris, Vrin, 1952
  • Robert Halleux, « Les ouvrages alchimiques de Jean de Rupescissa », Histoire littéraire de la France, 41, Paris, Imprimerie nationale, 1981, p. 241-284.
  • Sylvain Piron, « L’ecclésiologie franciscaine de Jean de Roquetaillade », Franciscan Studies, 65, 2007, p. 281-294.
  • Sylvain Piron, Le Sexdequiloquium de Jean de Roquetaillade, Oliviana, 3, 2009  : http://oliviana.revues.org/index327.html.
  • Robert E. Lerner, “John the Astonishing”, Oliviana, 3, 2009 : http://oliviana.revues.org/index335.html.
  • DeVun, L. Prophecy, Alchemy, and the End of Time: John of Rupescissa in the Late Middle Ages (New York, 2009).
  • Udo Benzenhöfer Johannes‘ de Rupescissa. Liber de consideratione quintae essentiae omnium rerum deutsch. Studien zur Alchemia medica des 15. bis 17. Jahrhunderts mit kritischer Edition des Textes. Steiner, Stuttgart 1989.

External links[edit]