Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz

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Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz (JSMM)
جيئي سنڌ متحدا محاذ
Chairman Shafi Muhammad Burfat[1]
Founder Shafi Muhammad Burfat
Founded 2000, 26 November at Sann
Split from JSQM
Headquarters Sann, Sindh
Newspaper Azadi translation: Freedom[2]
Student wing Jeay Sindh Students' Federation(JSMM)[3]
Ideology Sindhi nationalism
Political position separatists
Colors          Red, White
Slogan Sindhudesh Is Destiny, G.M Syed Is The Guide
Website
www.jsmmsindh.com

The Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz (pronounced [dʒiːeː sɪŋd̪ʱ mʊt̪eːɦɪd̪aː məɦaːz]; translation: Jeay Sindh United Front; abbr. JSMM) is one of the major[4][5] separatist political party in Sindh, Pakistan, that believes in the separation of Sindhudesh from Pakistan. Founded in the year 2000, by the veteran Sindhi nationalists belonging to the Sindhudesh movement who left JSQM.[6] The founder and the current Chairman of party Shafi Muhammad Burfat is living in the exile in Germany under political asylum.[7]

Pakistani Law Enforcement Agencies have been accusing JSMM for violence in the province[8] and it had been also reported that prior to his asylum in Germany, the Party Chairman Shafi Muhammad Burfat had been living in Kabul, Afghanistan.[1] On March 15, 2013, through an official decree, Pakistan's Home Ministry proscribed JSMM as a terrorist organization and banned its freedom of association and speech.[9]

A significant rise in the Human Rights violations in Sindh have frequently been witnessed in previous years and Human rights campaigners are thoroughly concerned about the enforced disappearances and extra-judicial killings of JSMM leaders and activists.[9] Former Secretary General of JSMM Muzafar Bhutto abducted and killed by Pakistani Agencies.[10] Senior vice chairman of JSMM Sirai Qurban Khuhawar and three others were set ablaze near Sanghar, Sindh.[11]

History[edit]

Map of Sindh (in Pakistan)

Formation (2000)[edit]

Shafi Burfat and other party leaders left JSQM in 2000, and formed new outfit of Sindhudesh freedom movement namely JSMM on November 26, 2000 at Sann. This was announced in the "Jeay Sindh Workers Conference" convened by the nationalist leaders Shafi Muhammad Burfat, Samiallah Kalhoro, Muzafar Bhutto. Speakers in that conference alleged that JSQM was non serious regarding the national independence of Sindhudesh.[6]

Emergence as a massive party (2009)[edit]

Shafi Muhammad Burfat, chairman of the JSMM. Burfat is living in Germany under political Asylum.

In the year 2009, Gmist Council (governing institution) of another Sindhi nationalist outfit JSQM (A), decided to merge it with JSMM. But later Chairman of JSQM (A) Abdul Wahid Aresar denied to join JSMM but most of the party leaders led by Sirai Qurban Khahawar left Aresar and joined JSMM. And thus JSMM soon emerged as the 2nd largest separatist Sindhi organization associated with Sindhudesh Freedom Movement.[12]

Organizational Details[edit]

Structure[edit]

The highest authority in the party is the Chairman. Officially, Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz constitution provides a four-year term for the Chairman. Chairman is elected by National Congress (Higher Authority) of organization. Elected Chairman is authorized to elect the Central Organizational Body from the members of Central Committee.[13]

Policies[edit]

JSMM regards Sindhi Nationalist, G.M. Syed as an intellect, ideologue and architect of the cause of complete independence of Sindh from Pakistan. It totally rejects the parliamentary way of struggle for getting freedom and strongly advocates all the forms of anti-state movement for the independence of Sindh from Pakistan.[13] It has repeatedly shown its support for the West’s the war on terror.[14] It has been staging Sindh-wide protests & marches to condemn the Punjabi hegemony over federation and its exploitation of natural and mineral resources of Sindh.[15][16] It also condemns racism and religious intolerance.[17] JSMM holds Punjab responsible for the water crisis in Sindh & has been rejecting the 1991 water accord.[18] It has also been protesting the CPEC,[5] Mega city projects[19] and influx of outsiders in Sindh, demanding cancellation of citizenship and registration for the alien settlers from the other provinces.[20]

Allegations[edit]

Connection with Sindhudesh Liberation Army[edit]

Organization opposing Chinese mega projects in Sindh.

The Sindhudesh Liberation Army is a militant organization based in the Sindh province of Pakistan, strives to establish an independent state of SindhuDesh. The group is currently headed by Chief Commander Darya Khan. Pakistan's media also criticized that JSMM's Chairman Shafi Muhammad Burfat is operating Sindhudesh Liberation Army from Kabul.

Connection with Indian Research and Analysis Wing[edit]

Two suspected people killed on 5 July 2014, were considered by police to be activists of JSMM. They died when the bomb they were carrying blew after a traffic accident in Karachi.[21] According to police, Abdul Fatah Dahiri and Usman Panhwar were members of JSMM which has ties with India's premier intelligence agency RAW. The Indian intelligence agency might have been trying to target UN designated terrorist Hafiz Muhammad Saeed,[22][23] who was having a public rally nearby, using its local agents.[24] Two nationalist activists were rounded up by police, suspecting them of sabotaging CPEC project. Police officials claimed that they had launched attacks to sabotage the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor with funding from the Indian spy agency Research and Analysis Wing.[25]

Human Rights Abuses[edit]

The targeting of activists of nationalist parties in Sindh is reaching an alarming proportion.[26] In Sindh province more than 100 nationalists were abducted and disappeared, many were extra judicially killed and their tortured and bullet riddled bodies were dumped on the streets.JSMM's former leader, Mr. Muzzafar Bhutto was two times abducted and kept in military torture cells where he succumbed to his injuries during the second time detention. Unidentified armed men shot dead three leaders of organization include senior Vice-Chairman Sirai Qurban Khuhawar, Noor Allah Tunio, Roploo Cholyani and Nadir Bugti at Bakhorri Mori area in district Sanghar in 2011, April 21. Munir Khan Cholyani, a wheelchair-bound leader with physical disabilities; the Media Coordinator at JSMM, was abducted and extra-judicially killed by Pakistani LeAs.[26]

Sabotage[edit]

At least 16 bombs targeted railway tracks in various parts of Sindh on February 25, 2011 stopping all train traffic. Political analysts said that Recent bomb attacks on railway tracks across the Sindh province indicate the rise of a separatist movement and the Sindhudesh Liberation Army is believed to be an offshoot of the JSMM.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Fugitive Sindhudesh chief operating from Kabul". www.thenews.com.pk. The News. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "About Publication - JSMM". JSMM Official Website. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Van torched, detainees freed: Police and students clash on SU Jamshoro campus". DAWN.COM. Dawn Media Group. 20 November 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "'Pakistan govt, military perpetrating genocidal crackdown of Sindhis'". Zee News. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Here's The Untold Story Of Sindhudesh - A 'Country' Of Sindhi People Lost In Pakistan". indiatimes.com. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Nationalist Party JSMM Launched - JSMM". JSMM. Daily Dawn. 27 November 2000. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  7. ^ "Exclusive: Interview with Shafi Burfat, JSMM Chairman fighting for Sindh separation". NewsGram. 18 September 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  8. ^ Siddiqi, Farhan Hanif. The Politics of Ethnicity in Pakistan: The Baloch, Sindhi and Mohajir Ethnic Movements (1 ed.). Routledge. p. 116. ISBN 9780415686143. 
  9. ^ a b "PAKISTAN: The government bans secular and nationalist groups to appease the fundamentalist and Taliban groups — Asian Human Rights Commission". Asian Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "JSMM’s Muzaffar Bhutto found dead after going missing for over a year - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Three JSMM men killed in attack". DAWN.COM. Dawn Media Group. 21 April 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  12. ^ The, Kawish (12 February 2010). "Sairai Qurban Khuhawar and other left JSQM". The Kawish. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  13. ^ a b "About JSMM - JSMM". JSMM. Jeay Sindh Muttahida Mahaz. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "An open letter to the International Community". Indus Tribune. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "HYDERABAD: Kalhoro's death JSMM calls for strike on 10th". DAWN.COM. 7 March 2005. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "CPEC project will suppress and loot us, says Baloch, Sindhi and other minorities from Pakistan". Business Standard India. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  17. ^ "Around 50 JSMM activists rounded up after clash with police in Nawabshah". DAWN.COM. 13 June 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "JSMM criticizes water projects, army operation". DAWN.COM. 20 September 2004. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  19. ^ "Fapuasa to boycott academic activities in Sindh on 31st". DAWN.COM. 26 August 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  20. ^ "JSMM asks ‘outsiders’ to leave Sindh". DAWN.COM. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  21. ^ "Two killed in Saddar blast". DAWN.COM. 5 July 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "UN declares Jamaat-ud-Dawa a terrorist front group | FDD's Long War Journal". FDD's Long War Journal. December 11, 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "US puts $10m bounty on Lashkar-e-Taiba's Hafiz Saeed". BBC News. 3 April 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  24. ^ "Nationalist group wanted to target JuD rally: police". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  25. ^ "Two Sindhi nationalist party men held for seeking to hit CPEC". DAWN.COM. 20 August 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  26. ^ a b "HRCP slams targeting of nationalists in Sindh". DAWN.COM. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  27. ^ "Report: Baloch rebels inspire separatists in Sindh by Zia Ur Rehman". www.thefridaytimes.com. Friday Times. March 15, 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 

External links[edit]