The Jebel Akhdar consists of a mountainous plateau rising to an altitude of 500 metres (1,600 ft), cut by several valleys and wadis. It lies northeast of Benghazi and south of Derna and the Mediterranean Sea. The region is one of the very few forested areas of Libya, which taken as a whole is one of the least forested countries on Earth. It is the wettest part of Libya, receiving some 600 millimetres (24 in) of precipitation annually. The high rainfall contributes to the area's large forests containing Chammari, and enables rich fruit, potato, and cereal agriculture, something of a rarity in an arid country like Libya.
The city of Bayda is the capital of Jabal al Akdhar District and one of the region's largest cities.