Jebel Shams

Coordinates: 23°14′13″N 57°15′50″E / 23.23694°N 57.26389°E / 23.23694; 57.26389
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Jabal Shams
Highest point
Elevation2,997 to 3,009 m (9,833 to 9,872 ft)[1]
Prominence2,899 m (9,511 ft)[1]
Ranked 110th
Isolation523 km (325 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
ListingCountry high point
Coordinates23°14′13″N 57°15′50″E / 23.23694°N 57.26389°E / 23.23694; 57.26389
Native nameجَبَل شَمْس (Arabic)
English translationMountain of Sun
Jabal Shams is located in Oman
Jabal Shams
Jabal Shams
Location of Jabal Shams in Oman
Parent rangeAl Hajar Mountains
Easiest route(to South Summit) W4 route published by Ministry or Tourism, Oman (Grade 2 / 3)[2]

Jabal Shams or Jebel Shams (Arabic: جَبَل شَمْس, lit.'Mountain of Sun') is a mountain located in northeastern Oman north of Al Hamra town. It is known as Jabal Shams because it is the first place to receive sunrise in Oman due to its high peak. It is the highest mountain of the Hajar range and the country.[3] The mountain is a popular sightseeing area located 240 km (150 mi) from Muscat. In the summer, the temperature is around 20 °C (68 °F) and in the winter it drops to less than 0 °C (32 °F). Jabal Shams also hosts Al Nakhur Canyon which is labeled as the Grand Canyon of Arabia. Nearby is Jabal Akhdar, another prominent peak in the region.


The highest point of the mountain is the North Summit, which is occupied by a military base and is a restricted area. The Ministry of Tourism, Sultanate of Oman, states the North Summit to be 3,009 m (9,872 ft) high.[3]

The mountain also has a second summit, the South Summit, which is publicly accessible for trekking via the W4 Trail,[4] marked by the Oman Ministry of Tourism.[2] The elevation of the second south summit is 2,997 m (9,833 ft).[4]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Jabal ash Sham, Oman". This prominence value is based on an elevation of 3,018 m.
  2. ^ a b Trekking Route 3
  3. ^ a b "Mountains in Oman". Ministry of Tourism, Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
  4. ^ a b "Trekking". website. Ministry of Tourism, Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2021-12-09. Retrieved 2014-01-08.

External links[edit]