|Ethnicity||Jbalas, Ghomaras, Sanhajas de Srayr|
|ISO 639-3||(included in ary)|
Ethnolinguistic map of northern Morocco: purple represents Jebli-speaking areas, blue represents other pre-Hilalian Arabic-speaking areas (old Urban, Zerhoun and Sefrou area)
The historical development of this Moroccan dialect is unclear.
The word jebli means "of/from the mountain". It is mainly spoken in the western and southern Rif by tribes of Sherifian, Berber and Morisco descent over the past ten centuries.
- Jbalas: all the forty-four tribes speak Jebli Arabic ;
- Ghomaras: out of nine tribes, seven are fully Jebli-speaking, the two remaining are partially Jebli-speaking with a significant Ghomara Berber-speaking community ;
- Sanhajas de Srayr: one Jebli-speaking tribe –Ketama– out of ten tribes, the remaining (nine) speak Sanhaja Berber ;
- Riffians: out of twenty tribes, six are fully or partially Arabophone; among them, five speak Mountain Arabic −Targuist, Aït Itteftf, Aït Boufrah, Mestasa and Metioua− while the last one –Settout– speak Hilalian Arabic ;
- Ghiatas, Maghraouas and Meknassas: the three tribes –that aren't part of any larger confederacy– are fully Jebli-speaking ;
- Tribes of Zerhoun (Zerahnas) and the neighborhood of Sefrou (Kechtala, Behalil and Yazgha): although not belonging to the same ethno-linguistic group than Jebalas, their pre-Hilalian dialects are sometimes classified as belonging to the same macro-family (westernmost pre-Hilalian village dialects) than Jebli.
Jebli is heavily influenced by Berber; the grammar of Jebli is almost Berber while most the words are Arabic. The vocabulary is highly influenced by Spanish.
Examples of Jebli
|Jebli||English translation||Source language/etymology|
|trawzez||blue jeans||trowsers (English)|
|assallas||darkness||asellas "darkness" (Berber)|
|karretēra||car road||carretera "paved road/highway" (Spanish)|
|âyyəl, ṭfel||boy||عائلة "family" (Classical Arabic); cf. Egyptian Arabic: ˤayyel "child"|
|ħami||warm||حام "feverish" (Classical Arabic); cf. Iraqi Arabic: ħɑ̄mi "warm"|
|qayla||sun||قائلة "resting" (spec. at noon time); due to the time of rest when the sun was at its highest point at noon (Classical Arabic)|
|jjro||dog||jaru "puppy" (Classical Arabic)|