Jeffrey Leon Bridges
December 4, 1949
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Family||Beau Bridges (brother)|
Jordan Bridges (nephew)
Jeffrey Leon Bridges (born December 4, 1949) is an American actor, singer, producer, and composer. One of the most acclaimed actors of his generation, he is the recipient of numerous accolades, including a Screen Actors Guild Award, two Golden Globe Awards, and an Academy Award from seven nominations. Critic Pauline Kael wrote that Bridges "may be the most natural and least self-conscious screen actor that has ever lived".
Bridges comes from a prominent acting family and appeared on the television series Sea Hunt (1958–1960) alongside his father, Lloyd Bridges, and brother, Beau Bridges. His Oscar-nominated roles include The Last Picture Show (1971), Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974), Starman (1984), The Contender (2000), True Grit (2010), and Hell or High Water (2016). For his performance as an alcoholic singer in the 2009 film Crazy Heart, he received the Academy Award for Best Actor. Bridges has also starred in other critically acclaimed roles such as The Fabulous Baker Boys (1989), The Fisher King (1991), The Big Lebowski (1998) along with the commercially successful films King Kong (1976), Tron (1982), Iron Man (2008), Tron: Legacy (2010) and Bad Times at the El Royale (2018).
Bridges was born on December 4, 1949, in Los Angeles, the son of actor Lloyd Bridges (1913–1998) and actress and writer Dorothy Bridges (née Simpson; 1915–2009). He is one of four children: older brother Beau Bridges (born 1941), who is also an actor; a younger sister Lucinda; and a brother named Garrett, who died of sudden infant death syndrome in 1948. His maternal grandfather was an immigrant from Liverpool, England.
Bridges and his siblings were raised in the Holmby Hills section of Los Angeles. He shared a close relationship with his brother Beau, who acted as a surrogate father when their father was working. He graduated from University High School in 1967. At age 17, he toured with his father in a stage production of Anniversary Waltz, and then moved to New York City, where he studied acting at the Herbert Berghof Studio. He also served in the United States Coast Guard Reserve as a boatswain's mate from 1967 to 1975 in San Luis Obispo, California, with a terminal rank of petty officer second class.
Bridges made his first screen appearance in The Company She Keeps (1951); the film was released shortly after his first birthday. In his youth, Bridges and brother Beau made occasional appearances on their father's show Sea Hunt (1958–1961) and the CBS anthology series The Lloyd Bridges Show (1962–1963). In 1969, he played Job Corps crew member Cal Baker in the Lassie TV series episode entitled "Success Story". In 1971, he played the lead role Mike in the TV movie In Search of America. His first major role came in the 1971 film The Last Picture Show, for which he garnered a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He next co-starred in the 1972 critically acclaimed gritty boxing film Fat City, directed by John Huston. In 1973, he starred as Junior Jackson in The Last American Hero, a film based on the true story of NASCAR driver Junior Johnson. He was again nominated for Best Supporting Actor for his performance opposite Clint Eastwood in the 1974 film Thunderbolt and Lightfoot. In 1976, he starred as the protagonist Jack Prescott in the first remake of King Kong, opposite Jessica Lange. This film was a commercial success, earning $90 million worldwide, more than triple its $23 million budget, and also winning an Academy Award for Best Visual Effects.
In 1982, Bridges starred in one of his better-known roles in the science fiction film Tron, in which he played Kevin Flynn, a video game programmer. That same year, he starred in Kiss Me Goodbye, an American romantic comedy film directed by Robert Mulligan, with Sally Field. In 1984, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for playing an alien in Starman. He was also acclaimed for his roles in the thriller Against All Odds (1984) and the crime drama Jagged Edge (1985).
His role in Fearless (1993) is thought by some critics to be one of his best performances. One critic dubbed it a masterpiece; Pauline Kael wrote that he "may be the most natural and least self-conscious screen actor that has ever lived". In 1994, he starred as Lt. Jimmy Dove in the action film Blown Away, opposite Tommy Lee Jones and Forest Whitaker. His real-life father Lloyd Bridges was also featured in the film, playing the uncle of Bridges' character. The film was not a financial success, managing to recoup $30 million of its $50 million budget at the box office, with its release a few weeks after another explosive-themed film, Speed. On July 11, 1994, Bridges received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the motion picture industry. The star is located at 7065 Hollywood Boulevard. In 1998, he starred as what is arguably his most iconic role, The Dude, in the Coen brothers' film The Big Lebowski.
In 2000, he received his fourth Academy Award nomination, for his role in The Contender. He also starred in the 2005 Terry Gilliam film Tideland, his second with the director (the first being 1991's The Fisher King). He shaved his trademark mane of hair to play the role of Obadiah Stane in the 2008 Marvel comic book adaptation Iron Man. In July 2008, at the San Diego Comic-Con International, he appeared in a teaser, reprising his 1982 fan favorite role of Kevin Flynn for Tron: Legacy, shot as concept footage for director Joseph Kosinski; this developed into a full 3D feature release in 2010.
Bridges is one of the youngest actors ever to be nominated for an Academy Award (1972, age 22, Best Supporting Actor, The Last Picture Show), and one of the oldest ever to win (winning the Best Actor in 2010 at age 60 for Crazy Heart). Crazy Heart also won him the Golden Globe for Best Actor in a Drama and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role.
Bridges received his sixth Academy Award nomination for his role in True Grit, a collaboration with the Coen brothers in which he starred alongside Matt Damon, Josh Brolin, Barry Pepper, and Hailee Steinfeld. Both the film and Bridges' performance as Rooster Cogburn, were critically praised. Bridges lost to Colin Firth, whom he had beaten for the Oscar in the same category the previous year. In 2016, Bridges appeared in the film Hell or High Water, for which he received his seventh Academy Award nomination. For his contribution to films, he was presented with the Cecil B. DeMille Award in 2019.
Referring to his career as an actor and his passion for music, Bridges says, "I dug what an actor did, but it took me a while to feel it, to truly appreciate the craft and the preparation. Plus, I was still playing music a lot, and I guess I had a hard time choosing: was I an actor or a musician, or could I be both?"
Bridges studied piano at a young age, strongly encouraged by his mother. While working on the 1980 film Heaven's Gate, he often played guitar with his co-star, singer-songwriter Kris Kristofferson, between takes. His character in Crazy Heart, Bad Blake, was later based partly on Kristofferson. In 1982, he voiced the character of Prince Lír in the animated film The Last Unicorn, and in that role sang on two songs, including a duet with Mia Farrow. He released his debut album Be Here Soon on January 1, 2000. In 2005, Bridges, known as "The Dude" in the film The Big Lebowski, showed up at a Lebowski Fest in Los Angeles singing and playing the film's theme song written by Bob Dylan, "Man in Me".
On January 15, 2010, Bridges performed the song "I Don't Know" from Crazy Heart on The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien. In the film The Contender, in which he co-starred, Bridges recorded a version of Johnny Cash's standard "Ring of Fire" with Kim Carnes that played over the pivotal opening credits. In February 2010, he was among the nearly 80 musicians to sing on the charity-single remake of We Are the World. On October 24, 2010, Bridges appeared at Neil Young's annual Bridge School Benefit concert and played a set with singer-songwriter Neko Case.
On April 19, 2011, Country Music Television announced that Bridges had signed a recording contract with Blue Note Records/EMI Music Group. He worked with producer T-Bone Burnett and released his second album, Jeff Bridges, on August 16, 2011. On November 5, 2011, Bridges played Austin City Limits in support of this album.
In 2015, he sang on the album Strangers Again, performing a duet with Judy Collins of the musical tune "Make Our Garden Grow" from Candide by Leonard Bernstein. The same year, he released an ambient/spoken-word album entitled Sleeping Tapes. All proceeds from the album go directly to Bridges' charity No Kid Hungry.
In 2013, Bridges wrote The Dude and the Zen Master with Bernie Glassman. Bridges found himself at a party with Glassman and Ram Dass and their conversation led to discussing the parallels between "The Dude" from The Big Lebowski and Zen Buddhism. The book was formed from what has been described as a "transcript of a five-day "hang" on a Montana ranch."
Bridges has been an amateur photographer since high school. He began taking photographs on film sets during Starman at the suggestion of co-star Karen Allen in 1984, with his favorite camera, a Widelux F8 that his wife bought him. He published many of these photographs online and in a 2003 book entitled Pictures: Photographs by Jeff Bridges. In 2013, he received an Infinity Award for his photos from the International Center of Photography in New York. A follow-up book, Jeff Bridges: Pictures Volume Two, was published in 2019.
Bridges narrated the documentary Lost in La Mancha (2002), about the making of a Terry Gilliam retelling of Don Quixote, tentatively titled The Man Who Killed Don Quixote, which would have starred Johnny Depp as Sancho Panza and Jean Rochefort as the quixotic hero. Bridges also narrated the documentaries National Geographic's Lewis & Clark: Great Journey West (2002, IMAX), Discovery Channel's Raising the Mammoth (2000), and ABC's Heroes of Rock and Roll (1979). He voiced the character Big Z in the animated picture Surf's Up. He also hosted VH1's Top 100 Greatest Albums of Rock and Roll series in 2001. In 2016, he narrated the documentary Dream Big: Engineering Our World.
Bridges has performed TV commercial voiceover work as well, including Hyundai's 2007 "Think About It" advertising campaign, and the Duracell advertisements in the "Trusted Everywhere" campaign.
On December 18, 2010, Bridges hosted NBC's Saturday Night Live; he had hosted the show before in 1983 with his brother, Beau. With the December 18, 2010, episode Bridges beat Sigourney Weaver's record for longest gap between hosting appearances on SNL (Weaver had a 24-year gap between her first time hosting in 1986 and her second time hosting in 2010, while Bridges had a 27-year gap between his first appearance in 1983 and his most recent one, also in 2010).
Bridges married Susan Geston in 1977. They met while filming Rancho Deluxe, on a ranch where Geston was working as a waitress. They have three daughters: Isabelle Annie (born August 6, 1981), Jessica Lily "Jessie" (born June 14, 1983), Haley Roselouise (born October 17, 1985), and granddaughter Grace (born March 31, 2011) from Isabelle.
Bridges has studied Buddhism and has described himself as "A Buddhistly bent guy." On most days, he meditates for half an hour before beginning work on a film set. He has learned Transcendental Meditation.
On October 19, 2020, Bridges announced that he had been diagnosed with lymphoma and has gone through chemotherapy. On September 12, 2021 Bridges announced his cancer was in remission: "My cancer is in remission — the 9×12 [inch; 230 mm × 300 mm] mass has shrunk down to the size of a marble". Bridges also announced he contracted COVID-19 while in treatment and noted it was a difficult experience which he said made cancer "look like a piece of cake." Bridges said he is now double vaccinated against COVID-19.
In 1984, Bridges and other entertainment industry leaders founded the End Hunger Network aimed at encouraging, stimulating and supporting action to end childhood hunger. He supported President Obama's initiative to End Childhood Hunger by 2015. In November 2010, Bridges became spokesman for the No Kid Hungry campaign of the organization Share our Strength. Its goal is to present and undertake a state-by-state strategy to end childhood hunger in the United States by 2015. Bridges also supports environmental causes and organizations such as the Amazon Conservation Team.
Awards and nominations
|1951||The Company She Keeps||Infant||Uncredited|
|1970||Halls of Anger||Douglas “Doug”|
|1971||The Last Picture Show||Duane Jackson||Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|The Yin and the Yang of Mr. Go||Nero Finnighan|
|1972||Fat City||Ernie Munger|
|Bad Company||Jake Rumsey|
|1973||Lolly-Madonna XXX||Zack Feather|
|The Last American Hero||Elroy Jackson Jr.|
|The Iceman Cometh||Don Parritt|
|1974||Thunderbolt and Lightfoot||Lightfoot||Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|1975||Rancho Deluxe||Jack McKee|
|Hearts of the West||Lewis Tater|
|1976||Stay Hungry||Craig Blake|
|King Kong||Jack Prescott|
|1978||Somebody Killed Her Husband||Jerry Green|
|1979||Winter Kills||Nick Kegan|
|The American Success Company||Harry Flowers|
|1980||Heaven's Gate||John L. Bridges|
|1981||Cutter's Way||Richard Bone|
|1982||Tron||Kevin Flynn / CLU|
|Kiss Me Goodbye||Dr. Rupert Baines|
|The Last Unicorn||Prince Lír (voice)|
|1984||Against All Odds||Terry Brogan|
|Starman||Scott Hayden / Starman||Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor|
|1985||Jagged Edge||Jack Forrester|
|1986||8 Million Ways to Die||Matthew "Matt" Scudder|
|The Morning After||Turner Kendall|
|1988||Tucker: The Man and His Dream||Preston Tucker|
|1989||See You in the Morning||Larry Livingstone|
|The Fabulous Baker Boys||Jack Baker|
|1991||The Fisher King||Jack Lucas|
|1992||American Heart||Jack Kelson||Also producer|
|1993||The Vanishing||Barney Cousins|
|1994||Blown Away||Jimmy Dove / Liam McGivney|
|1995||Wild Bill||James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok|
|1996||White Squall||Captain Christopher "Skipper" Sheldon|
|The Mirror Has Two Faces||Gregory Larkin|
|1998||The Big Lebowski||Jeffrey "The Dude" Lebowski|
|1999||Arlington Road||Michael Faraday|
|The Muse||Jack Warrick|
|2000||The Contender||President Jackson Evans||Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|2001||Scenes of the Crime||Jimmy Berg|
|K-PAX||Dr. Mark Powell|
|2002||Lost in La Mancha||Narrator (voice)||Documentary|
|2003||Masked and Anonymous||Tom Friend|
|Seabiscuit||Charles S. Howard|
|2004||The Door in the Floor||Ted Cole|
|2006||Stick It||Burt Vickerman|
|2007||Surf's Up||Ezekiel 'Big Z' Topanga / Geek (voice)|
|2008||Iron Man||Obadiah Stane / Iron Monger|
|How to Lose Friends & Alienate People||Clayton Harding|
|2009||The Open Road||Kyle|
|Crazy Heart||Otis "Bad" Blake||Also executive producer; Academy Award for Best Actor|
|The Men Who Stare at Goats||Bill Django|
|2010||Tron: Legacy||Kevin Flynn / CLU 2|
|True Grit||Reuben J. "Rooster" Cogburn||Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor|
|2011||Tron: The Next Day||Kevin Flynn / CLU 2||Short film|
|2012||A Place at the Table||Narrator (voice)||Documentary|
|2013||R.I.P.D.||Roycephus "Roy" Pulsipher|
|Pablo||Narrator (voice) / Professor|
|2014||The Giver||The Giver||Also producer|
|Seventh Son||Master Gregory|
|2015||The Little Prince||The Aviator (voice)|
|2016||Hell or High Water||Marcus Hamilton||Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|2017||Dream Big: Engineering Our World||Narrator (voice)||Documentary|
|The Only Living Boy in New York||W.F. Gerald||Also executive producer|
|Kingsman: The Golden Circle||Champagne "Champ"|
|Only the Brave||Duane Steinbrink|
|2018||Bad Times at the El Royale||Father Daniel Flynn / Donald "Dock" O'Reilly|
|Living in the Future's Past||Narrator (voice)||Documentary; also producer|
|2019||Spider-Man: Far From Home||Obadiah Stane / Iron Monger||Archival footage|
|1958–1960||Sea Hunt||Davey Crane / Jimmy / Boy / Kelly Bailey||4 episodes|
|1962–1963||The Lloyd Bridges Show||Various characters||3 episodes|
|1965||The Loner||Bud Windom||Episode: "The Ordeal of Bud Windom"|
|1969||The F.B.I.||Terry Shelton||Episode: "Boomerang"|
|Lassie||Cal Baker||Episode: "Success Story"|
|Silent Night, Lonely Night||John Young||Television film|
|1970||The Don Knotts Show||Himself||1 episode|
|The Most Deadly Game||Hawk||Episode: "Nightbirds"|
|1971||In Search of America||Mike Olson||Television film|
|1981||Great Performances||Michael Loomis||Episode: "The Girls in Their Summer Dresses and Other Stories"|
|1983||Faerie Tale Theatre||Claude / Prince||Episode: "Rapunzel"|
|1983, 2010||Saturday Night Live||Himself / Host||Episode: "Beau Bridges and Jeff Bridges/Randy Newman"|
Episode: "Jeff Bridges/Eminem and Lil Wayne"
|1996||Hidden in America||Vincent||Television film; also executive producer|
|2000||Raising the Mammoth||Narrator||Discovery Channel Special|
|2008||A Dog Year||Jon Katz||Television film|
|2022||The Old Man||Dan Chase||Upcoming series|
|Title||Details||Peak chart positions||Sales|
|Be Here Soon||
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart|
|2011||"What a Little Bit of Love Can Do"||Jeff Bridges|
|2011||"What a Little Bit of Love Can Do"||Alan Kozlowski|
- Philip French (August 6, 2006). "Here's looking back at you". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- "Actress Dorothy Bridges dies, Mother of Beau and Jeff Bridges was 93". Variety. February 20, 2009. Archived from the original on September 10, 2017. Retrieved April 23, 2009.
- "Jeff Bridges Biography (1949–)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Russell, Sue (2001). "Jeffrey Bridges". suerussellwrites.com. Hello! magazine, UK. Archived from the original on November 6, 2002. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
Hollywood's quiet family man is happiest at home in Santa Barbara with wife Susan and their three daughters
- McLellan, Dennis (February 21, 2009). "Dorothy Bridges dies at 93; 'the hub' of an acting family". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 23, 2009.
- "Jeff Bridges is still the Dude". Archived from the original on September 27, 2012.
- "Shadow box". Coastguard.togetherweserved.com. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- "Jeff Bridges Homes In". New York Magazine. December 17, 1984.
- Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 2003
- "100 Essential Male Film Performances: Part 4 – From the Page to the Screen".
- "Fearless — A movie masterpiece about transcendence". Archived from the original on June 30, 2006.
- "Jeff Bridges". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
- "Jeff Bridges". latimes.com. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
- Kepnes, Caroline. "Jeff Bridges Shaves Head, Talks Iron Man". E! Online. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- "Iron Man — Official Site". Archived from the original on January 6, 2010.
- Bridges, Jeff (guest) (June 24, 2004). "'The Door in the Floor': Actor Jeff Bridges". USA Today. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
- Legaspi, Althea (January 7, 2019). "Jeff Bridges Accepts Golden Globes Cecil B. DeMille Award". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
- Guitar Aficionado Magazine – Spring 2010
- Gretsch Guitars: Jeff Bridges. YouTube. July 20, 2011.
- King, Lynnea Chapman (October 10, 2014). The Coen Brothers Encyclopedia. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8108-8577-6.
- "'We Are The World – 25 For Haiti' Artists Include Kanye West, Miley Cyrus, Justin Bieber".
- "CMT : News : Jeff Bridges signs to Blue Note Records". Country Music Television. Retrieved April 19, 2011.
- "Video: Miranda Lambert / Jeff Bridges Watch Austin City Limits Online PBS Video". Retrieved May 13, 2012.
- "Jeff Bridges-Sleeping tapes". www.dreamingwithjeff.com. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "Jeff Bridges Lulls Listeners to Bed With New Album 'Sleeping Tapes'". Rolling Stone. January 28, 2015. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- "Jeff Bridges On Zen Buddhism And 'The Big Lebowski'". On Point. January 8, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- "Jeff Bridges On The Zen Message In 'The Big Lebowski'". The Huffington Post. February 2, 2015. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- Oppenheimer, Mark (January 6, 2013). "If Lebowski Calls, Will You Be in? Or Out Bowling?". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- "Photography". JeffBridges.com. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- Estrin, James (April 30, 2013). "The Dude Abides on the Other Side of the Lens". Lens Blog. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
- Bridges, Jeff (September 1, 2004). Pictures. New York, N.Y.: powerHouse Books. ISBN 1-57687-177-0. OCLC 55227934.
- "Pictures: Photographs by Jeff Bridges : Sam Elliott and Jeff Bridges – "The Stranger" and "The Dude" – The Big Lebowski (1998)". FILE Magazine. 2004. Archived from the original on October 30, 2004. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
- Dickerman, Kenneth; Bridges, Jeff (December 4, 2019). "Perspective | Did you know that Oscar winner Jeff Bridges is an accomplished photographer? Well, he is, and this book shows it". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
- "Jeff Bridges and his passion for photography". CBS News. December 23, 2019. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
- "Oscars: Hyundai debuts clever Academy Awards ad with Jeff Bridges' actor friends". Theweeklydriver.com. March 6, 2010. Archived from the original on April 12, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- Samaniego, Danielle. "Name That Voice: Ten Celebrity Commercial Voice-Overs". Divinecaroline.com. Archived from the original on March 11, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- "Jeff Bridges Unbelievable Love Story—and the Photo to Prove It". oprah.com. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- Dana, Rebecca (March 10, 2010). "A True Hollywood Love Story". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- Rasmussen, Randy. "Rasmussen: About my cousin, Susan". rapidcityjournal.com. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- "Jeff Bridges bought and lives inside a crazy set from one of his old movies". businessinsider.com. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- D'Ambrosio, Brian. "Jeff Bridges talks Montana ties ahead of Missoula concert". missoulian.com. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- "THR Cover: Jeff Bridges' Revealing New Interview". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- "Photo Captures Jeff Bridges' Fateful First Meeting With His True Love". December 7, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2017 – via Huff Post.
- "Jeff Bridges: On Marriage". Reader's Digest. February 2006. Archived from the original on September 6, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
- "Betty White, Jeff Bridges scoop up Britannia Awards". latimes.com. November 5, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- "Happy Birthday, Jeff Bridges! You're 61 Today, December 4!". Hollywood Life. December 4, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- Butler, Katy (Fall 2010). "The Natural – How Jeff Bridges works with anxiety and maintaining a joyful mind". Tricycle: The Buddhist Review. 20 (1): 54.
- Arkin, Daniel (October 19, 2020). "Jeff Bridges announces he has been diagnosed with lymphoma". NBC News. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- Fieldstadt, Elisha (September 13, 2021). "Jeff Bridges says he got Covid while in chemo and it made 'cancer look like a piece of cake'". NBC News. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
- "Jeff Bridges: Charity Work & Causes". Look to the Stars. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- "End Hunger". JeffBridges.com. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- "Jeff Bridges to Launch Campaign Against Childhood Hunger in National Press Club Address". PRNewswire. November 5, 2010. Retrieved November 6, 2010.
- "Video: Why Does Jeff Bridges Support the Amazon Conservation Team?". Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- "Why does Jeff Bridges support the Amazon Conservation Team?". Amazon Conservation Team. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
- "Chart News August 24: Country Dominates as Luke Bryan Still Top Dawg". Roughstock. Archived from the original on November 4, 2011. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
- "Chart listing for Jeff Bridges". Billboard. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
- Gallo, Phil (August 20, 2011). "The Dude Abides" (PDF). American Radio History (Billboard Archive). p. 31. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
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