|Birth name||Jeffrey Douglas Dunham|
|Born||April 18, 1962|
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
|Alma mater||Baylor University|
(m. 1994; div. 2008)
|Notable works and roles|
Jeffrey Douglas Dunham (born April 18, 1962) is an American ventriloquist, stand-up comedian and actor who has also appeared on numerous television shows, including Late Show with David Letterman, Comedy Central Presents, The Tonight Show and Sonny With a Chance. He has six specials that run on Comedy Central: Arguing with Myself, Spark of Insanity, Jeff Dunham's Very Special Christmas Special, Controlled Chaos, Minding the Monsters, and All Over the Map. Dunham also starred in The Jeff Dunham Show, a series on the network in 2009.
His style has been described as "a dressed-down, more digestible version of Don Rickles with multiple personality disorder". Time described his characters as "politically incorrect, gratuitously insulting and ill tempered." Dunham has been credited with reviving ventriloquism and doing more to promote the art form than anyone since Edgar Bergen.
Dunham has been called "America's favorite comedian" by Slate. According to the concert industry publication Pollstar, he is the top-grossing standup act in North America and among the most successful acts in Europe as well. As of November 2009, he has sold over four million DVDs, an additional $7 million in merchandise sales, and received more than 350 million hits on YouTube as of October 2009; his introduction of Achmed the Dead Terrorist in Spark of Insanity was ranked as the ninth most watched YouTube video at the time. A Very Special Christmas Special was the most-watched telecast in Comedy Central history, with the DVD selling over 400,000 copies in its first two weeks. Forbes ranked Dunham as the third highest-paid comedian in the United States behind Jerry Seinfeld and Chris Rock and reported that he was one of the highest-earning comics from June 2008 to June 2009, earning approximately $30 million during that period. Dunham also does occasional acting roles. He achieved the Guinness Book of World Records record for "Most tickets sold for a stand-up comedy tour" for his Spark of Insanity tour, performing in 386 venues worldwide.
Dunham was born on April 18, 1962, in Dallas, Texas. When he was three months old, he was adopted by real estate appraiser Howard Dunham, and his homemaker wife Joyce, who raised him in a devoutly Presbyterian household in an affluent Dallas neighborhood, as an only child.
He began ventriloquism in 1970 at age eight, when his parents gave him a Mortimer Snerd dummy for Christmas, and an accompanying how-to album. The next day he checked out a how-to book on ventriloquism from the library, and explained in 2011 that he still had it, remarking that he was "a thief in the third grade". By the fourth grade, Dunham decided he not only wanted to be a professional ventriloquist, but the best one ever. Dunham began practicing for hours in front of a mirror, studying the routines of Edgar Bergen, and the how-to record Jimmy Nelson's Instant Ventriloquism, finding ventriloquism to be a learned skill, similar to juggling, that anyone with a normal speaking voice can acquire. Dunham has explained that, as an only child, he enjoyed being alone, likening his solitude to a "warm blanket" with which he could explore his own thoughts and ideas, which prepared him for the solitude of living alone when he later moved to Los Angeles as a struggling comedian.
When Dunham was in the sixth grade, he began attending the Vent Haven ConVENTion in Fort Mitchell, Kentucky, an annual international meeting of ventriloquists that includes competitions, where he met Jimmy Nelson in person. Dunham has missed only one ConVENTion since then, in 1977. The organizers of the ConVENTion eventually declared Dunham a "retired champion", ineligible from entering any more competitions, as other attendees were too intimidated to compete against him. The Vent Haven Museum devotes a section to Dunham, alongside Señor Wences and Dunham's idol, Edgar Bergen.
Dunham began performing for audiences as a teenager, in various venues such as school, church, and during his job at Six Flags. By his middle school years, he began to perform for banquets attended by local celebrities such as Dallas Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach, having developed his style of lampooning those he performed for, using the puppets to say things too risque for him to say without them. Dunham's television debut came in 1976 when the still prepubescent performer caught the attention of Dallas reporters like Bill O'Reilly, who interviewed Dunham for a local news story. Dunham later did commercials for Datsun dealerships in Dallas and Tyler while still in high school. While emceeing a high school talent show, he dealt with a heckler, and won over the rest of the audience. During this period he became so associated with his craft that he and one of his dummies "cowrote" a column in the school paper, and he would pose with his dummies for yearbooks as an inexpensive way to acquire professional photos of his act for promotional purposes. He was voted Most Likely to Succeed, and in 1980, after he graduated from high school, Dunham gave himself a career goal of obtaining, within ten years, an appearance on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, which was seen as the "holy grail" for comedians.
That year Dunham began attending Baylor University, hoping to graduate with a degree in communications, while performing around campus. He would also fly around the country on weekends, doing up to 100 private shows a year, entertaining corporate customers such as General Electric, whose CEO, Jack Welch, he mocked during his routine. By his junior year in college (1983–84), Dunham was making $70,000 a year, and as word spread of his act, he landed featured spots opening for Bob Hope and George Burns, though he still perceived his act as raw, as he did not have any knowledge of standup comedy beyond his Bill Cosby albums.
He caught a break in 1985 when he was asked to join the Broadway show Sugar Babies with Mickey Rooney and Ann Miller, replacing an outgoing variety act. For the naive and devoutly-raised Dunham, Broadway was a new world filled with beautiful showgirls and crusty stagehands, and his first taste of entertainment industry egos came when Rooney called Dunham into his dressing room, and told him he was there for one reason alone: so that Rooney could change his costumes. He performed at the Westbury Music Fair on Long Island. These early experiences, in which he used characters like José Jalapeño on a Stick, taught him the value of modifying his act regionally, as the jalapeño jokes that worked well in Texas were not as well received by audiences in Long Island. After graduating from Baylor University in 1986, he continued honing his act in comedy clubs in the Southwest with new characters such as Peanut and José Jalapeño, but struggled against the perception he relates from fellow comedians that he was not a true comedian because he relied on props.
His experience at Catch a Rising Star in New York City served as a bitter confirmation of where ventriloquists stood in the comedic food chain, as the emcee at that club gave Dunham little respect. According to Dunham, after he arrived at the club in the evening and informed the emcee that he was a ventriloquist, the emcee reacted with derision, telling Dunham that he would be given a late time slot, and after that time slot came and passed, kept postponing Dunham's stage time until Dunham left the club.
By the end of 1988, Dunham felt his career had gone as far as it could go in Texas, and he moved to Los Angeles, California, never having, as he has commented, "a real job". This concerned his parents, who assumed he would relegate his act to local venues such as church groups. When he first arrived in Los Angeles, the comedy in his act bombed. Dunham attributes this initial reaction to his underdeveloped comedy, explaining that while the characters' personalities were developed at that point, his jokes were not. In addition to this, the comedy world was not welcoming to ventriloquists, and his manager, Judi Brown-Marmel, did not use the word "ventriloquist" when finding bookings for him, choosing to present him as a comedy duo. After Dunham became friends with Mike Lacey, owner of The Comedy & Magic Club in Hermosa Beach, Lacey gave Dunham a steady slot at the club, where Dunham sharpened his act by observing the techniques of comedians like Jerry Seinfeld, and taking the advice of colleague Bill Engvall, moving away from his G-rated material toward edgier, more adult themes.
The Tonight Show
At the end of 1988, Dunham was told by James McCawley, a talent booker for The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, that Dunham would be given a spot on the coveted program. Though the 26-year-old Dunham was elated that his 10-year goal was arriving two years early, McCawley later cancelled Dunham's appearance after attending, with Roseanne Barr, a public performance of Dunham's the day before Dunham's scheduled Tonight Show taping. McCawley informed Dunham on the day of the scheduled taping that he had been wrong in his initial assessment of Dunham, whom he now said was not ready for The Tonight Show. Dunham continued to tighten his act in Los Angeles clubs, performing the same six-minute segment with Peanut a total of nine times for McCawley over the next few months. Finally at the Ice-House in Pasadena in April 1990, after Dunham did the same segment, McCawley informed Dunham that he would finally get his Tonight Show appearance. Dunham and Peanut appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson on April 6, 1990, alongside guests Bob Hope and B.B. King. Following his bit, he was invited to sit on Johnny Carson's couch, a mark of approval on Carson's show. Upon sitting down next to Carson's desk, Dunham pulled out Walter, who told Carson sidekick Ed McMahon, "Stop sending me all your damn mail." At the time, Dunham saw his Tonight Show appearance as his big break, but was frustrated at his parents' initial disapproval over Walter's use of the words "hell" and "damn", and he would toil in obscurity for another twelve years, continuing his stand up at venues such as The Improv chain, and appearing in small roles on TV. One of these was a 1996 episode of Ellen, in which he appeared with Walter. Dunham also appeared with Walter in a TV commercial for Hertz. Dunham would appear on The Tonight Show a total of four times, as well as similar TV venues such as Hot Country Nights, appearing in one segment with Reba McEntire. This exposure helped make Dunham a large theater headliner, a rare accomplishment for a ventriloquist. By the mid-1990s, however, his television appearances had dwindled, and with them, so did his stage audiences.
Dunham moved back to clubs, more than 200 appearances a year. To maintain a connection with his fan base, he would use question cards that he had audiences fill out for his performances to build a database, which was tailor-made for the burgeoning World Wide Web. Though he was voted Funniest Male Standup at the American Comedy Awards in 1998, his club work kept him away from his wife and daughters between two and three weeks each month, which put a strain on his marriage, and made paying bills for his expanded family difficult. By 2002, Dunham was hoping to obtain more TV work to raise his profile and ease his standup schedule. Such exposure was elusive until a successful appearance on The Best Damn Sports Show Period, where Dunham and Walter made jokes at the expense of co-hosts Tom Arnold, Michael Irvin, John Salley and John Kruk, generating laughter from them, and giving Dunham much-needed exposure. In 2003, Dunham was the frontrunner to replace Jimmy Kimmel on Fox NFL Sunday, but hosts Howie Long and Terry Bradshaw were not amenable to the idea of being upstaged by a puppet, and, as Dunham tells it, did not provide a welcoming atmosphere to Dunham, nor allow him to speak much during his appearance.
First Comedy Central specials
On July 18, 2003, Dunham appeared on Comedy Central Presents, his first solo appearance on Comedy Central. During his half hour piece, he showcased José Jalapeño on a Stick, Walter, an early version of Melvin the Superhero Guy and Peanut, whom Dunham had begun to merchandise into a line of dolls. The appearance was successful, but Comedy Central resisted giving Dunham more airtime, feeling that he was not a good fit for them. By 2005 Dunham decided to gamble on financing his own comedy DVD, Jeff Dunham: Arguing with Myself, which was taped in Santa Ana, California. Dunham's manager, Judi Brown-Marmel, lobbied the network to air it, pointing to Dunham's drawing power and merchandising profits, and arguing that the network needed more diverse content. Surprised by the high ratings of the first Blue Collar Comics concert movie that same year, the network began to reconsider its brand. In late 2006, Comedy Central aired Arguing with Myself, drawing two million viewers when it aired, and selling two million DVDs.
In 2007, Dunham appeared as The Amazing Ken with José Jalapeño on a Stick in the Larry the Cable Guy feature film Delta Farce. His second special, Jeff Dunham: Spark of Insanity, was taped at the Warner Theater in Washington, D.C. that same year. It served not only to cement Dunham's stardom, but to introduce his most controversial character, Achmed the Dead Terrorist, which became a viral Internet sensation. A clip of Achmed from Insanity attracted over 140 million hits on YouTube, making it the ninth most watched clip on that website as of October 2009.
By 2008, Dunham's characters had crossed language barriers, with his specials dubbed for audiences in various countries such as France, and Dunham attracting requests for performances in South Africa, Australia, Norway, Denmark, China, and the Middle East. Jeff Dunham's Very Special Christmas Special was taped at the Pabst Theater in Milwaukee, Wisconsin that same year, and premiered on Comedy Central on November 16, 2008, watched by 6.6 million people. It became available on DVD and Blu-ray on November 18, 2008. The special's premiere was the highest rated telecast in Comedy Central's history.
In September 2008, his career reached new heights as he began performing in arenas filled with tens of thousands of people. Dunham was somewhat wary of such large venues, but adapted by adjusting the timing of his often rapid exchanges with the puppets so that audience members farthest from the stage could have time to react.
In addition to his comedy specials, Dunham also released his first music album, Don't Come Home for Christmas, on November 4, 2008. It contains original Christmas songs as well as a parody of "Jingle Bells" by Achmed entitled "Jingle Bombs". All the songs, with the exception of "Jingle Bombs", were written and accompanied by Brian Haner, who joined Dunham's act as "Guitar Guy". His first onscreen appearance was in Jeff Dunham's Very Special Christmas Special.
In March 2009, Dunham signed a multi-platform deal with Comedy Central. It included a fourth stand-up special to air in 2010, DVDs, a consumer products partnership, a 60-city tour beginning in September 2010, and an order for a television series called The Jeff Dunham Show that premiered on October 22, 2009. Despite having the most-watched premiere in Comedy Central history, and higher average ratings than other shows on that network initially, the show was canceled after only one season, amid poor reviews, dwindling ratings and higher production costs than other Comedy Central shows.
Dunham appeared in a guest role with Bubba J on NBC's sitcom 30 Rock, playing a ventriloquist named Rick Wayne and his dummy Pumpkin from Stone Mountain, Georgia. In November 2009 Dunham also appeared with Walter in "Hart to Hart", an episode of the Disney Channel series Sonny With a Chance, as two security guards. He appeared in the 2010 Steve Carell/Paul Rudd comedy, Dinner for Schmucks, as Lewis, with a new puppet named Diane.
His fourth special, Jeff Dunham: Controlled Chaos, premiered on September 25, 2011, on Comedy Central. His fifth special, Minding the Monsters, which was taped in Savannah, premiered on Comedy Central on October 7, 2012. His sixth special, All Over the Map, which was taped in various international cities, premiered on Comedy Central on November 16, 2014.
In 2022, Dunham competed in season eight of The Masked Singer as "Pi-Rat" with the character being depicted as a rat in pirate clothing holding a treasure chest that has a smaller "Pi-Rat" in it where that part of the costume is a puppet for Dunham to also operate. He was elimninated on "Vegas Night" alongside Montell Jordan as "Panther".
Critical praise and controversy
In January 2008, Dunham was voted by fans the Top Comic in Comedy Central's "Stand-Up Showdown". He is the only person ever to win the "Ventriloquist of the Year" Award twice. He was nominated "Comedian of the Year" by the TNN Music City News Country Awards, and has drawn praise from the Dallas Morning News for his technique and timing. Critics, such as Randee Dawn of The Hollywood Reporter, accused Dunham's characters of being racist caricatures, sexist, and homophobic.
In 2008, a TV commercial for a ringtone which featured Dunham's character Achmed the Dead Terrorist (see Characters below) was banned by the South African Advertising Standards Authority after a complaint was filed by a citizen stating that the ad was offensive to Muslims, and portrayed all Muslims as terrorists. Dunham responded that "Achmed makes it clear in my act that he is not Muslim." However, the ASA noted that the name Achmed was of Arab origin and was one of the names of Muhammad. Dunham responded, "I've skewered whites, blacks, Hispanics, Christians, Jews, Muslims, gays, straights, rednecks, addicts, the elderly, and my wife. As a standup comic, it is my job to make the majority of people laugh, and I believe that comedy is the last true form of free speech ... I'm considering renaming Achmed 'Bill'", he added. Dunham has conceded that he does exhibit particular sensitivity to the "conservative country crowd" or those characterized by "basic Christian values", as they are one of his largest constituencies, and part of his upbringing.
Dunham was heckled and criticized for mocking TV critics during a July 2009 press tour to promote his then-upcoming Comedy Central TV series, The Jeff Dunham Show, as well as Comedy Central programming chief Lauren Correo. In October 2009 The Jeff Dunham Show enjoyed good initial ratings, but was not well liked by critics, some of whom questioned the wisdom of translating his act into a series, or cited Dunham, his previous specials, or ventriloquism itself as reasons for disliking the show.
J.P. Williams, the producer of the Blue Collar Comedy Tour, has opined that Dunham's act is not funny on its own merits, and that his material gets a greater reaction because of the puppet characters than it would otherwise garner by itself. Blue Collar veteran Bill Engvall, a friend of Dunham's, insists otherwise, saying that Dunham is inherently funny with or without the puppets.
In a 2014 show in Malaysia, the government requested that he not use or name Achmed in his show. Due to the restriction, but to avoid disappointing fans, Achmed was renamed to be "Jacques Merde, the Dead French Terrorist" (Jacques Merde meaning "Jack Shit").
In 2003, Dunham released Dear Walter..., a collection of questions asked of Dunham's fictional curmudgeon at live performances, authored by Dunham and Walter Cummings. His autobiography, All By My Selves: Walter, Peanut, Achmed and Me, was published by Dutton in 2010.
Walter is a retired, grumpy old man with arms always crossed in discontent. Dunham was inspired to create Walter when he watched Bette Davis's final appearance on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, giving her honest, unfiltered candor to Walter, and patterning Walter's frown on Dunham's own. He has a brash, negative and often sarcastic view on today's world. He is a Vietnam War veteran and a former welder, and "doesn't give a damn" about anyone, especially his own wife and certain audience members. Walter appeared in every Comedy Central special. He's been married for several decades. When Dunham asks him if he remembers the happiest moment of his life after Walter tells him he has been married for forty-six years, Walter responds, "Forty-seven years ago!" Dunham created the Walter puppet himself, including both the initial sculpture and the silicone mold, though he eventually began using professional effects companies for the latter stages with his subsequent puppets.
Peanut is a hyperactive, purple-skinned "woozle" with white fur covering most of his body, a tuft of green hair on the top of his head, and one sneaker on his left foot. Dunham explains in Arguing with Myself that Peanut is from a small Micronesian island, and that they met in Florida. Peanut's humor is not based on a particular motif or stereotype, as those of the other characters, and he has been described as "the bad kid". He often makes fun of Dunham, and torments and mocks José Jalapeño on a Stick. Touching upon his unusual appearance and personality, he asks Dunham in Arguing with Myself, after Dunham denies ever having done drugs, "Then how the hell did you come up with me?"
José Jalapeño on a Stick
José is a talking jalapeño pepper on a stick who wears a small sombrero. José, who speaks with a thick Spanish accent, is typically paired with Peanut, who often makes fun of José, uses appeals to Latino stereotypes when doing so, and makes fun of his being on a stick. Although José was not Dunham's first puppet, it was the first that Dunham made himself.
Bubba J is a beer-drinking redneck that Dunham describes in Arguing with Myself and A Very Special Christmas Special as "white trash trailer park", and whom Dunham uses for humor centered on such stereotypes. To this end, he frequently does jokes involving Bubba J's love of drinking beer and NASCAR, and his low intelligence. Touching upon such stereotypes, Bubba mentions in Arguing with Myself that he met his wife at a family reunion, and remembers seeing her with a corn dog in one hand, a beer in another, and leaning against a ferris wheel, "making it tilt". Although he does not appear onstage, Bubba appears as the backstage security guard in Controlled Chaos. He was inspired by Edgar Bergen's puppet, Mortimer Snerd.
Achmed the Dead Terrorist
Achmed is the skeletal corpse of an incompetent suicide bomber, whom Dunham uses to satirize the contemporary issue of terrorism. He is known for yelling, "Silence! I keel you!" to Dunham and people laughing in the audience. Achmed first appeared in Spark of Insanity, and has appeared in every Dunham special since then. In Spark of Insanity the audience learns several things about Achmed. When Dunham says that Achmed must be dead because he's a skeleton, Achmed responds, "It's a flesh wound." When Dunham inquires as to how he died, Achmed explains his incompetence with explosives, while also casting aspersions on Dunham's sexual prowess by saying that they both suffer from "premature detonation". Although he frequently mentions working for Osama Bin Laden, Achmed denies being a Muslim and says "Look at my ass! It says 'Made in China'!" He says he is afraid of Walter, partially because he's "one mean son of a bitch" and finds Walter's flatulence to be more potent than Saddam Hussein's mustard gas. In Very Special Christmas Special, he sings a song called "Jingle Bombs".
By June 2009, the sketch in which Dunham introduced Achmed had amassed nearly 200 million views on YouTube. The large, round, articulated eyes of puppets such as Achmed and Achmed Junior are constructed by the same effects artist who created the dinosaur eyes for the Jurassic Park films. The character starred in Achmed Saves America, an animated film that premiered on Country Music Television in March 2014. In the film, which depicts the mishap that led to the character's skeletonization, Achmed finds himself in an American town called Americaville, which he plots to blow up, before developing an affinity for American culture.
Non-recurring and retired characters
Sweet Daddy Dee
Dunham introduces Sweet Daddy Dee in Arguing with Myself as his "new manager". He calls himself a "pimp", which he says stands for "Player In the Management Profession." According to Sweet Daddy, because he is a pimp, that makes Jeff the "ho". When Dunham objects, Daddy Dee points out that Dunham makes people laugh and feel good for a living. When Dunham agrees that this is the case, Daddy Dee says "You a ho." When Dunham asks what he would say if he told him that he was a comedian only because he enjoyed it, Daddy Dee responds "You a dumb ho." Unlike Bubba J, he hates NASCAR. Sweet Daddy's headstone is featured in the beginning of the special Minding the Monsters.
Melvin the Superhero Guy
Melvin wears a blue superhero costume, and is used to poke fun at superheroes. When asked about his superhuman powers, he indicates that he has X-ray vision, adding, "I love looking at boobies!" He appears to have no other powers, however: When Dunham asks how far he can fly, he responds, "How far can you throw me?", and when asked if he can stop a bullet like Superman, he responds, "Yeah. Once". Dunham portrays Melvin as unimpressed with other superheroes: When told Superman can leap tall buildings in a single bound, Melvin dismisses him as a "showoff," arguing that he can simply walk around them, observes that Aquaman has the same powers as SpongeBob SquarePants, asserts that the Flash's super speed is derived from methamphetamine, that the Hulk's vaunted ability to get stronger as he gets angrier merely mirrors "every white trash guy on COPS," and makes innuendo about the questionable relationship between Batman and the underage Robin. Melvin's first onscreen appearance was in the July 2003 Comedy Central Presents episode, in which he had small, black, beady eyes. By his next appearance, in Spark of Insanity, he had been modified to have large, blue, crossed eyes. He has an enormous nose, which he claims is his symbol, and whose similarity in shape to that of a penis is alluded to in the act. Dunham sculpted the current version of Melvin's head himself, and hired an effects company called Renegade Effects Groups to create the rubber mold and complete the puppet, before then installing the mechanics himself. Melvin's headstone is featured in the beginning of the special Minding the Monsters. As revealed in the DVD release, this signifies that he will no longer be used.
Little Jeff is a miniature version of Dunham himself, usually dressed in the same clothes Dunham wears during each show. His first onscreen appearance was in the 1989 television program A&E's An Evening at The Improv. He later appeared in Jeff Dunham: Controlled Chaos as a puppet that Peanut used when attempting his hand at ventriloquism. Peanut named the doll "Little Ugly Ass-Jeff", and uses him to insult Dunham.
Achmed Junior is the estranged son of Achmed. He was designed by Mad magazine illustrator Tom Richmond. He first appeared during the Identity Crisis Tour 2010, and made his first onscreen appearance in Dunham's fourth special, Jeff Dunham: Controlled Chaos. Like his father, Achmed Junior is the victim of a bomb, which resulted in the destruction of the half of his face and body. He speaks with a British accent because he was raised in Britain after the accident. Much to his father's consternation, he expresses an attraction to Dunham's male stage hand, Marnell, appears on stage to address Achmed's loss of balance. Conflict also stems from the fact that unlike his father, Achmed Junior does not wish to be a suicide bomber.
Seamus is a grumpy, beer-drinking, Irish infant who first appears in Relative Disaster, which was filmed in Ireland. Dunham, himself an adopted child, introduces him as a son that he has adopted in order to "pay it forward". Despite being an infant, he is a belligerent heavy drinker, traits with which Dunham pokes fun at Irish stereotypes. Dunham also establishes Seamus as a fan of United States President Donald Trump in order to poke fun at Trump, Hillary Clinton, and the 2016 United States presidential election.
Larry the Adviser
Larry is the personal adviser to Donald Trump. He has unkempt orange hair, big bulgy eyes and has a cigarette in one hand. Jeff lightly shakes him to give the feeling of jitteriness. Larry is constantly on edge and is implied to be unnerved for having worked with Trump for "four hours". He nevertheless "supports" the president.
Other characters that Dunham has voiced include Little Peanut, a miniature version of Peanut that Dunham has used to counter Peanut's use of Little Jeff; and an unseen worm inside a bottle of tequila, both of which he has used, for example, in his appearance on A&E's An Evening at The Improv.
In the 2020 United States presidential election, Dunham adapted the Walter puppet into "Wonald Grump" and "Ben Hiden," caricatures of Donald Trump and Joe Biden, respectively, for a mock debate moderated by Achmed.
Dunham met his first wife, Paige Brown, at the Comedy Corner in West Palm Beach, Florida. They began dating in December 1992. In May 1994, Dunham married Brown and adopted her one-and-a-half-year-old daughter, Bree. Their daughters Ashlyn and Kenna were born in 1995 and 1997, respectively. Dunham's time away while performing proved a strain on the marriage, and in November 2008, he filed for divorce. By mid-2009, Dunham was in a relationship with Audrey Murdick, a certified nutritionist, personal trainer, and competition bodybuilder, and on December 25, 2011 they became engaged. On October 12, 2012, the couple married. On May 14, 2015, Dunham announced, via Facebook, that he and Audrey were expecting twin boys. In October, she gave birth to James Jeffrey and Jack Steven.
In addition to building the dummies he uses in his act, Dunham also restores antique ones as a hobby, such as The Umpire, a 6-foot-tall (1.8 m) mechanized dummy built in 1941 to work the plate at a girls' softball game, which went unused and packed away for 50 years before Dunham acquired it in early 2008.
Dunham has harbored a love of helicopters since childhood and is fond of building and flying his own kit helicopters from Rotorway helicopter kits. At the time he finished writing his autobiography in June 2010, he was beginning to build his fourth kit. He is also an aficionado of muscle cars and Apple, Inc. products. According to the July 16, 2012, television documentary The Batmobile, Dunham owns the original Batmobile used in the Tim Burton film Batman, which he had outfitted with Corvette engine to make it street legal.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2021)
(in order of first show)
|Spark of Insanity||Sept. 8, 2007 –
Jan. 9, 2010
|United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Australia|
|Identity Crysis||Jan. 9, 2010 –
Sept. 24, 2011
|United States, Canada, Netherlands, Ireland, United Kingdom, South Africa, Switzerland, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, France|
|Controlled Chaos||Oct. 6, 2011 –
Sept. 30, 2012
|United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Belgium, Ireland, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand|
|Disorderly Conduct||Nov. 1, 2012 –
Sept. 28, 2014
|Canada, United States, Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, Ireland, United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, Israel, South Africa, Australia, Malaysia, Singapore|
|Not Playing With a Full Deck||Nov. 28, 2014–||United States||All shows at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino, Las Vegas, Nevada.|
|Perfectly Unbalanced||December 2, 2015 –
Sept. 13, 2017
|United States, Canada||Dunham received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame during this tour.|
|Passively Aggressive||Sept. 28, 2017 –
May 5, 2018
|United States, Canada|||
|Seriously!?||July 10, 2021 – present||United States, Canada, Europe||First tour since the COVID-19 pandemic began|
- Documentaries and specials
|1991||Hot Country Nights||One episode|
|2003||Comedy Central Presents||Also writer|
|2006||Jeff Dunham: Arguing with Myself||TV special; also writer and executive producer|
|2007||Jeff Dunham: Spark of Insanity||TV special; also writer and executive producer|
|2008||History of the Joke||TV documentary|
|2008||Jeff Dunham's Very Special Christmas Special||TV special; also writer, executive producer and songwriter|
|2009||I'm No Dummy||Documentary film|
|2011||Jeff Dunham: Controlled Chaos||TV special; also writer and executive producer|
|2012||The Batmobile||TV documentary|
|2012||Jeff Dunham: Minding the Monsters||TV special; also writer and executive producer|
|2014||Jeff Dunham: All Over the Map||TV special; also writer, executive producer and co-editor|
|2015||Jeff Dunham: Unhinged in Hollywood||TV special|
|2016||Hell's Kitchen||Episode: "9 Chefs Compete" (with Walter)|
|2017||Jeff Dunham: Relative Disaster||Netflix special|
|2019||Jeff Dunham: Beside Himself||Netflix special|
|2020||Jeff Dunham's Completely Unrehearsed Last-Minute Pandemic Holiday Special||TV special; also writer|
|1996||Ellen||Starky the Ventriloquist||Episode: "When the Vow Breaks: Part 1" (with Walter as Gus)|
|2002||Any Day Now||Ventriloquist||Episode: "Truth Hurts"|
|2002||She Spies||Elvis Presley ventriloquist||Episode: "Ice Man"|
|2003||One on One||Benny / Kenny||Episode: "I Know What You Did Last Thursday"|
|2005||Blue Collar TV||Ventriloquist||Episode: "Stupidity"|
|2007||Delta Farce||Amazing Ken||First feature-length movie|
|2009||30 Rock||Rick Wayne||Episode: "Stone Mountain" (with Bubba J. as Pumpkin)|
|2009||The Jeff Dunham Show||Himself||7 episodes; also writer and executive producer|
|2009||Sonny with a Chance||Jeff||Episode: "Hart to Hart" (with Walter)|
|2010||Dinner for Schmucks||Lewis the Ventriloquist||With Diane|
|2012||Big Top Scooby-Doo!||Schmatko, Conductor (voice)||Straight to video|
|2013||From Up on Poppy Hill||Gen (voice)||English version|
|2014||The Nut Job||Mole (voice)|
|2014||Achmed Saves America||Achmed / Bubba J. / Himself||Video; creator, executive producer and original character designer|
|2017||Smurfs: The Lost Village||Farmer Smurf (voice)|
|2017||The Nut Job 2: Nutty by Nature||Mole (voice)|
|2017||Mune: Guardian of the Moon||Phospho (voice)|
|2017||Gnome Alone||Quiksilver (voice)|
|2018||Elliot the Littlest Reindeer||Clyde / Peanutbutter (voice)|
|2020||Scooby-Doo and Guess Who?||Himself / Walter||Season 2 Episode 7: "Too Many Dummies"|
|2020||Tacoma FD||Ventriloquist||TV series, 1 episode|
|2021||Last Man Standing||Himself (cameo)||Season 9 Episode 10: "Meatless Mike"|
|2022||The Masked Singer||Himself / Pi-Rat|
- Mooallem, Jon (October 29, 2009). "Comedy for Dummies". The New York Times.
- Luscombe, Belinda. "The Puppet Master". Time magazine. June 8, 2009
- Braxton, Greg. "Jeff Dunham throws his voice into stardom", The Los Angeles Times, November 4, 2009.
- Morris, Tom. "Success for Dummies", The Huffington Post. November 9, 2009.
- "Jeff Dunham and Friends have found a Home at Comedy Central signing a Multi-Platform Deal to Encompass all Areas of Entertainment" Comedy Central; March 23, 2009.
- Rose, Lacey (July 13, 2009). "The Top-Earning Comedians". Forbes. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- "Most tickets sold for a stand-up comedy tour". Guinness World Records. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Kevin Hart Is On Track for the Biggest Comedy Tour of All Time". Billboard. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- "Jeff Dunham Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
- The biography page on Dunham's official site established his year of birth when it was accessed on April 17, 2009, but had been removed by November 28, 2009. Archive of 2007 version of official site.
- "Jeff Dunham: Birth of a Dummy". Biography. November 22, 2011. The Biography Channel.
- "Clip of Dunham from an episode of the CMT TV series Fast Living". YouTube. Retrieved May 4, 2013.[dead YouTube link]
- Jeff Dunham. "Building a Rotorway 162F Part 1 of 8: How I got into this." Archived March 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine KITPLANES Magazine, March 1997.
- Dunham, Jeff (2010). All By My Selves: Walter, Peanut, Achmed and Me. Dutton Adult. ISBN 978-0525951414.
- "Comedy Central: Comedians: Jeff Dunham". Archived from the original on March 14, 2008. Retrieved February 25, 2022.
- Video of the Jeff Dunham's Hertz commercial.
- Jeff Dunham's Very Special Christmas Special. Amazon.com; retrieved January 8, 2012.
- Daniel Frankel (November 18, 2008). "Dunham's 'Christmas' sleighs ratings". Variety.
- Don't Come Home for Christmas. Amazon.com; retrieved November 23, 2011.
- The Jeff Dunham Show at Comedy Central.
- Nellie Andreeva (December 29, 2009). "Comedy Central: 'No plans' to renew Jeff Dunham". The Live Feed blog. Archived from the original on January 1, 2010. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Shae, Danny (December 29, 2009). ""Jeff Dunham Show" Cancelled by Comedy Central". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
- Brown, Lane. "No Dunham Bump for 30 Rock Ratings". New York Magazine. October 20, 2009.
- Dinner for Schmucks Archived April 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine official site; accessed May 4, 2013.
- Harr, Dan (July 31, 2012). "New Jeff Dunham Special 'Minding The Monsters' Coming in October". Music News Nashville.
- Dunham, Jeff. Minding the Monsters. Comedy Central. October 7, 2012.
- "Achmed Saves America". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- "CMT to Premiere Jeff Dunham's 'Achmed Saves America', 3/28". Broadway World. March 19, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- Holmes, Manny (July 9, 2015). "Jeff Dunham Books Primetime Special for NBC". Variety. Variety. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
- Dawn, Randee (October 20, 2009). "The Jeff Dunham Show". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Miller, Joshua Rhett. "Comedian Defends 'Achmed the Dead Terrorist' Puppet Routine Against South African Ban". Fox News. October 2, 2008.
- "Dead terrorist ad banned" Archived December 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. iafrica.com. October 6, 2008.
- de Moraes, Lisa. "How to Woo the TV Critics? With Insults", The Washington Post. July 30, 2009; accessed May 4, 2014.
- Dietz, Jason (May 3, 2010). "2009–10 TV Scorecard: The Best and Worst Shows and Networks". Metacritic.
- McLaren, Richard. "'Dunham Show' laughs are strictly for dummies" Archived June 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. The Boston Globe. October 22, 2009.
- Wiser, Paige. "TV Review: Comedy Central's 'The Jeff Dunham Show'". Chicago Sun-Times. October 22, 2009.
- Stuever, Hank. "Jeff Dunham's laugh-free zone". The Washington Post. October 22, 2009.
- Lowry, Brian. "The Jeff Dunham Show". Daily Variety. October 20, 2009.
- Nurul Azliah (May 22, 2014). "Jeff Dunham and 'Achmed the Dead Terrorist' joke about chewing gum in first Singapore show". Singapore Showbiz. Yahoo! Entertainment. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- Sean L. McCarthy (2014). "Censored: Jeff Dunham puts new words in Achmed The Dead Terrorist's mouth for Malaysian audience on world tour". The Comic's Comic.
- Robin Leach (June 18, 2014). "Q+A: After 30 years on the road, Jeff Dunham is ready for a run at Planet Hollywood". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Dunham, Jeff (2000). Dear Walter... BRASMA Publications. ISBN 9780970132307.
- This is mentioned in an extra on the Spark of Insanity DVD.
- Doggrell, Glenn (May 14, 1992). "Comedy Review : Jeff Dunham's Not a Dummy When Laughs Are at Stake". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- "Jeff Dunham and his puppets". UnikNotions. Archived from the original on February 3, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- This is mentioned in the DVD Commentary of Arguing with Myself.
- "Puppetry Pandemonium". November 4, 2014.
- "Achmed the dead terrorist and humor in popular geopolitics" by Darren Purcell, Melissa Scott Brown and Mahmut Gokmen, GeoJournal, January 31, 2009.
- Levy, Piet (February 7, 2014). "Ventriloquist Jeff Dunham's 'punchlines' could use a little more punch". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- A&E's An Evening at The Improv. Episode 106. August 4, 1989 A&E.
- Jeff Dunham's Identity Crisis Tour. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
- Dunham, Jeff (November 21, 2011). Jeff Dunham: Controlled Chaos. YouTube, 7:43 to 8:09.
- McCarthy, Sean L. (September 13, 2017). "'Jeff Dunham: Relative Disaster': The Controversial Ventriloquist Targets Hillary Clinton And Black Lives Matter In New Netflix Special". Decider. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- Serba, John (September 24, 2019). "Stream It Or Skip It: 'Jeff Dunham: Beside Himself' on Netflix, a Puppeteer's Defense Against Political Correctness". Decider. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
- Sweeten-Shults, Lana (March 9, 2012). "Dunham kills audience in extended show". Times Record News. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
- Perri, Erin (September 14, 2020). "Jeff Dunham's satirical Biden vs. Trump debate is so funny it's almost scary". TheMix.Net. Archived from the original on September 16, 2020. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
- Dunham, Jeff (December 27, 2011). "Hey everyone! On Christmas Day,@AudreyMurdick & I got engaged!", Twitter; accessed May 4, 2014.
- Dunham, Jeff (October 13, 2012). "TA DAAAA! @audreymurdick and I are now married and I'm the luckiest guy on the planet! #jedreywedding2012 Off to honeymoon!". Twitter.
- "Jeff Dunham – Timeline Photos" – via Facebook.
- "Jeff Dunham Welcomes Sons Jack Steven and James Jeffrey – Moms & Babies – Celebrity Babies and Kids". People.com.
- Rushworth, Heather (July 13, 2012). "Comedian Jeff Dunham Interview: He Owns a Batmobile?!". Exec Digital. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- Walker, Rob (May 8, 2018). "How Jeff Dunham's offensive puppets became the voice of Trump's America". The Guardian. Archived from the original on May 8, 2018. Retrieved September 4, 2020.
- "Jeff Dunham extends his Las Vegas residency four more months". Los Angeles Times. March 24, 2015. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "Q+A: Jeff Dunham brings 'Not Playing With a Full Deck' to Planet Hollywood". LasVegasSun.com. November 28, 2014. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Ebie McFarland (September 14, 2015). "Comedian Jeff Dunham Announces Perfectly Unbalanced Tour". Essential Broadcast Media (Nashville). Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "Famed Ventriloquist Jeff Dunham Announces 60-City Passively Aggressive Tour: Exclusive". Billboard. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Blair, Iain (September 21, 2017). "Walk of Fame Honoree Jeff Dunham Opens Up About His Constant Reinvention". Variety. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Adams, Kirby (September 19, 2017). "Jeff Dunham brings his 'Passively Aggressive' tour to Yum Center". USA Today. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "Comic ventriloquist Dunham bringing 'Seriously?' tour to Tucson Arena". Tucson.com.
- "Tour Dates". JeffDunham.com.
- McNary, Dave (October 5, 2012). "'Poppy Hill' sets high-profile voices". Variety. Reed Business Information.