Jeff Sutherland (* June, 20 1941) is one of the creators of the Scrum, a framework for developing, delivering, and sustaining complex products. Together with Ken Schwaber, he presented Scrum at OOPSLA'95. Sutherland contributed to the creation of the Agile Manifesto in 2001. Along with Ken Schwaber, he wrote and maintains The Scrum Guide, which contains the official definition of the framework.
Sutherland is a graduate of the United States Military Academy. After 11 years in the military he became a doctor at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Here he got involved in data collection and IT systems development.
Scrum is a framework for enabling business agility at scale across an entire organization.  A meeting which was influenced by the Agile Manifesto. Sutherland is quoted as saying the "systems development process is an unpredictable and complicated process that can only roughly be described as an overall progression".
The scrum process was developed by Sutherland, John Scumniotales and Jeff McKenna while at Easel Corporation and influenced by agile software development. The principle was based on a 1986 article by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka in the Harvard Business Review, and incorporates practices from a draft study published in Dr. Dobb's Journal. It involves 30-day cycles of plan, build and monitor sprints. The name Scrum was chosen in reference to the rugby scrummage, as the system involves "a cross-functional team" who "huddle together to create a prioritized list". Scrum has been used by several major corporations. Sutherland has claimed that distributed teams coached to use the system can make large productivity increases against the industry average.
Scrum involves a cross-functional team creating a list to work on. The team consists of three specific accountabilities, the Product Owner, the Developers and the Scrum Master. The team then works through three phases - a pre-sprint planning, the sprint and then a post-sprint meeting. The group has daily meetings and keeps a Product Backlog. In contributing to the book The Secrets of Happy Families, Sutherland modified the Agile approach to family interactions.
Sutherland has been quoted as saying the three distinguishing factors between Scrum teams and normal teams are self-management, continuity of team membership, and dedication to a single project. Clarification of user needs is an essential component. Sutherland said no coding should occur while user needs were in doubt, and is quoted as saying "It is better for the developers to be surfing than writing code that won't be needed". Sutherland has also been quoted as saying that Scrum should run with software architecture.
Sutherland is the founder and principal consultant at Scrum, Inc in Boston, Massachusetts, currently lead by his son, JJ Sutherland as the CEO. Additionally, he was appointed a senior advisor to OpenView Venture Partners 2007 for a short period in that year.
- Sutherland, Jeff; Schwaber, Ken (May 1, 2012). Software in 30 Days: How Agile Managers Beat the Odds, Delight Their Customers, and Leave Competitors in the Dust (1st ed.). Wiley. p. 216. ISBN 978-1118206669.
- Sutherland, Jeff; Sutherland, J.J. (September 30, 2014). Scrum: The Art of Doing Twice the Work in Half the Time (1st ed.). Currency. p. 256. ISBN 9780385346450.
- Sutherland, Jeff; Complein, James (August 2019). A Scrum Book: The Spirit of the Game (1st ed.). Pragmatic Programmers. p. 572. ISBN 978-1118206669.
- Schwaber, Ken; Sutherland, Jeff; Patel, D.; Casanave, C. (1997). "Scrum Development Process" (PDF). OOPSLA Business Object Design and Implementation Workshop: 117–134. doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-0947-1_11. ISBN 978-3-540-76096-2. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
- Rigby, Darrell; Sutherland, Jeff (May 2018). "Agile at Scale". Harvard Business Review. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
- Rigby, Darrell; Sutherland, Jeff; Takeuchi, Hirotaka (April 2016). "The Secret History of Agile Innovation". Harvard Business Review.
- Rigby, Darrell; Sutherland, Jeff; Takeuchi, Hirotaka (May 2016). "Embracing Agile". Harvard Business Review.
- Sutherland, Jeff; Schwaber, Ken. "The Scrum Guide". Scrum Guides. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
- "West Point Association of Graduates". www.westpointaog.org. Retrieved 2020-08-26.
- Sutherland, Jeff. Scrum: The Art of Doing Twice the Work in Half the Time. Crown Publishing Group, 2014, p. 23-25.
- Schwaber, Ken (2009). Agile Project Management with Scrum. O'Reilly Media, Inc. ISBN 9780735637900.
- Jeff Sutherland (2014). Scrum: The Art of Doing Twice the Work in Half the Time. Crown Publishing Group. ISBN 9780385346467.
- Pham, Andrew Thu (2012). Business-Driven IT-Wide Agile (Scrum) and Kanban (Lean) Implementation: An Action Guide for Business and IT Leaders. CRC Press. ISBN 9781466578562.
- Zelkowitz, Marvin (2008). "History of Computers, Electronic Commerce". Advances in Computers: Emerging Technologies. 73: 32. ISBN 9780080880310.
- Sims, Peter (2011). Little Bets: How breakthrough ideas emerge from small discoveries. Random House. p. 85. ISBN 9781409038030.
- Coplien, James O. (2011). Lean Architecture: for Agile Software Development. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470970133.
- Armour, Phillip G. (2004). The Laws of Software Process: A New Model for the Production and Management of Software. CRC Press. p. 112. ISBN 9780203505649.
- McQuarrie, Gray (2010). Change Your Dam Thinking. Bound Publishing. p. 133. ISBN 9780986723308.
- Larman, Craig (2008). Scaling Lean & Agile Development: Thinking and Organizational Tools for Large-Scale Scrum. Pearson Education. ISBN 9780321617149.
- Woodward, Elizabeth (2010). A Practical Guide to Distributed Scrum. Pearson Education. ISBN 9780137061365.
- Rico, David F. (2007). Effects of Agile Methods on Website Quality for Electronic Commerce. ISBN 9780549764946.
- Kroll, Per (2006). Agility and Discipline Made Easy: Practices from OpenUP and RUP. Pearson Education. ISBN 9780132702485.
- Parrish, Shane (9 December 2013). "The secrets of happy families". The Week. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- Viscardi, Stacia (2013). The Professional ScrumMaster's Handbook. Packt Publishing Ltd. ISBN 9781849688031.
- Alan Shalloway; Guy Beaver; James R. Trott (2009). Lean-Agile Software Development: Achieving Enterprise Agility. Pearson Education. ISBN 9780321647993.
- "About Us". Scrum Inc. Retrieved 2020-06-22.
- "Scrum Creator Sutherland Joins OpenView | OpenView Venture Partners". OpenView. 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2018-03-11.