Jeff Zucker

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Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker - David Shankbone 2010.jpg
Zucker at the 2010 Tribeca Film Festival
Born Jeffrey Zucker
(1965-04-09) April 9, 1965 (age 50)[1]
Homestead, Florida, U.S.
Nationality American
Ethnicity Jewish
Alma mater Harvard University (BA)
Occupation President of CNN Worldwide
Years active 1986–Present
Employer CNN Worldwide
Religion Judaism
Spouse(s) Caryn Nathanson (m. 1996)
Children 4

Jeffrey Adam "Jeff" Zucker[2] (born April 9, 1965) is the current president of CNN Worldwide. He previously served as the President and CEO of NBC Universal.[3] Zucker has also served as an Executive in Residence at Columbia Business School.[4] In November 2012, Zucker was picked to take over as the President of CNN Worldwide in January 2013.[5] Zucker oversees CNN, CNN International, HLN (TV channel) and CNN Digital.[6]

Early life and education[edit]

Zucker was born into a Jewish family[7][8] in Homestead, Florida, near Miami.[9] His father, Matthew, was a cardiologist, and his mother, Arline, was a school teacher.[2]

He was a captain of the North Miami Senior High School tennis team,[9] editor of the school paper, and a teenage freelance reporter ("stringer") for The Miami Herald.[10] The 5-foot-6-inch (1.68 m) Zucker also was president of his sophomore, junior, and senior classes,[11] running on the slogan: "The little man with the big ideas."[12] He graduated from North Miami Senior High School in 1982.[9] Before college, he took part in Northwestern University's National High School Institute program for journalism.[10] Zucker went on to Harvard University. He was President of the school newspaper, The Harvard Crimson during his senior year and as such he encouraged the decades-old prank rivalry with the Harvard Lampoon, headed by future NBC colleague Conan O'Brien.[13] Zucker graduated from Harvard in 1986 with a Bachelor of Arts in American history.[14]

Career at NBC[edit]

Researcher[edit]

When he was not admitted to Harvard Law School, he was hired by NBC in 1986 to research information for its coverage of the 1988 Summer Olympics.[15]

Producer of Today Show[edit]

In 1989, he was a field producer for Today, and at 26 he became its executive producer in 1992.[16] He introduced the program's trademark outdoor rock concert series and was in charge as Today moved to the "window on the world" Studio 1A in Rockefeller Plaza in 1994. He is credited with managing the show during its most successful years and launching it into its 16-years of ratings dominance.[17]

President of NBC Entertainment[edit]

In 2000, he was named NBC Entertainment's president.[18] A 2004 Businessweek Profile stated that "During that time he oversaw NBC's entire entertainment schedule. He kept the network ahead of the pack by airing the gross out show Fear Factor, negotiating for the cast of the hit series Friends to take the series up to a tenth season, and signing Donald Trump for the reality show The Apprentice. He is credited with the idea to extend Friends episodes by 10 minutes, and convinced the cast to extend their contracts by two years. The Friends era was one of the most profitable ever for NBC.[19] The Zucker era produced a spike in operating earnings for NBC, from $532 million the year he took over to $870 million in 2003."[12]

Zucker introduced Las Vegas, Law & Order: Criminal Intent, and Scrubs. He originated the idea of airing "Supersized" (longer than the standard 30 minute slot) episodes of NBC's comedies and aggressively programming in the summer months as cable networks began to draw away viewers with original programming from the network's rerun-filled summer slate. Bravo changed its programming direction towards popularity gaining reality television, while the newly acquired Spanish network Telemundo was positioned to be more competitive with leading network Univision."

President of NBC Entertainment's News & Cable Group[edit]

In December 2003, Zucker became president of NBC's Entertainment, News & Cable Group as well.

President of NBC Television Group[edit]

Following the merger with French media empire Vivendi Universal, he became president of its Television Group in May 2004. During Zucker's tenure, shows that he championed such as Father of the Pride and the Friends spinoff Joey were considered failures.[20]

Chief Executive Officer of NBC[edit]

On December 15, 2005, Zucker was promoted by NBC to Chief Executive Officer of NBC Universal Television Group behind Robert Charles Wright, vice chairman of General Electric and chairman & CEO of NBC Universal.[21] was responsible for all programming across the company’s television properties, including network, news, cable, and Sports and Olympics. His responsibilities also included the company’s studio operations and global distribution efforts.

President & CEO of NBC Universal[edit]

On February 6, 2007 Zucker became president & CEO of NBC Universal.

In 2010, in response to a public controversy over the network's reported rescheduling of late-night hosts Jay Leno and Conan O'Brien, Los Angeles Times reporters Meg James and Matea Gold declared that Zucker's tenure had led to "a spectacular fall by the country's premier television network" and dubbed the intra-network feud and subsequent public relations fallout "one of the biggest debacles in television history".[22] Under Zucker NBC fell from being the number one rated network to the lowest rated of the four broadcast networks and was occasionally being beaten in the ratings by programming on some of the more popular cable channels.

Days later, New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd wrote that in Hollywood "there has been a single topic of discussion: How does Jeff Zucker keep rising and rising while the fortunes of NBC keep falling and falling? ...many in the Hollywood community have always regarded him as ...a network Napoleon who never bothered to learn about developing shows and managing talent." She explained that Zucker "is a master at managing up with bosses and calculating cost-per-hour benefits, but even though he made money on cable shows, he could not program the network to save his life."[23]

Dowd also reported that an unnamed "honcho at another network" stated that "Zucker is a case study in the most destructive media executive ever to exist... You’d have to tell me who else has taken a once-great network and literally destroyed it."[23]

On June 2, 2010, the New York Post reported that Zucker would be paid between $30 million and $40 million to leave NBC Universal shortly after Comcast completes its 51 percent acquisition in the company.[24]

Katie producer[edit]

Zucker worked with fellow NBC alum, former Today host Katie Couric, producing her daytime talk show for Disney-ABC Domestic Television, Katie.[25][26] However, Zucker left the show to be the president of CNN Worldwide.[27]

President of CNN Worldwide[edit]

Zucker became president of CNN Worldwide on January 1, 2013. His appointment was widely welcomed by the network and its anchors. Anderson Cooper told colleagues that Zucker was "the first CNN president to actually watch CNN".[28]

Under Zucker's management, CNN was named as the cable news channel showing the most growth in an era of declining ratings, growing the viewership by 51 percent."[29][30][31] In 2014, CNN overtook MSNBC in the coveted Nielsen ratings demo of viewers aged 25–54 to be second place overall, and saw an increase in both total daytime and prime time viewers.[32] A 2014 New York Magazine profile said that in his two years at CNN "it’s become clear that he has actually managed to move the needle." [28]

In an effort to attract viewers of cable channels like The Discovery Channel and A&E Zucker has said he wants CNN to publish more documentary like programming that provides viewers with what he called a unique "attitude and a take".[33] In a 2014 press lunch, he insisted that news was still the network's first priority, saying, "we can walk and chew gum at the same time. We can do news, and we can preempt our original series when there is news.[34]

Zucker also has made digital news a priority at CNN, with sources telling The New York Times his strategy involves "investing heavily in digital operations." [32] CNN now ranks as the third-most-trafficked news outlet in the world, attracting more than 120 million unique visitors to its web and mobile properties in August 2014, up 32 percent from the same period last year, according to comScore.[32]

Personal life[edit]

In 1996, Zucker married Caryn Stephanie Nathanson, then a supervisor for Saturday Night Live,[2] with whom he has four children.[35] His son, Andrew Zucker, briefly served on the advisory board of Democratic politician Cory Booker's startup tech firm.[36] Diagnosed at age 31 with colon cancer, Zucker underwent surgery and chemotherapy.[12] His daughter, Angela Zucker is currently studying at Yale University and his son, Richard, currently studies at Julliard. His youngest daughter Jessica attends Riverdale Preparatory Academy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rappaport, Jill (6 November 2007). Mazel Tov: Celebrities' Bar and Bat Mitzvah Memories. Simon and Schuster. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-4165-5427-1. 
  2. ^ a b c "WEDDINGS;Jeffrey Zucker and Caryn Nathanson". The New York Times (New York ed.). June 2, 1996. p. 47. Retrieved June 4, 2009.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  3. ^ Carter, Bill (September 24, 2010). "Zucker Announces Departure From NBC". NYT. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Jeff Zucker Named Executive in Residence". Columbia Business School Newsroom. 23 January 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  5. ^ Shapiro, Rebecca (29 November 2012). "Jeff Zucker CNN President: Network Officially Hires Former NBC Universal Chief". the Huffington Post. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  6. ^ CNN: Jeff Zucker profile accessed January 16, 2015
  7. ^ "Stars of David: Prominent Jews Talk About Being Jewish" By Abigail Pogrebi P. 367 | Zucker grew up in Miami where he was bar mitzvah and confirmed at Temple Israel - "the most Reform synagogue in South Florida." His family's weekly tradition was Hebrew school and football....He's currently a member of Temple Emanu-El in New York City.
  8. ^ Jewish Virtual Library: "Jeff Zucker" retrieved March 10, 2015
  9. ^ a b c "Pioneer Newsletter January/February 2005". The Greater North Miami Historical Society. January–February 2005. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Zhou, Li S. (May 25, 2011). "Jeff Zucker". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  11. ^ Farhi, Paul (April 9, 2013). "Jeff Zucker is remaking CNN. Are viewers tuning in?". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c Grove, Ronald (September 27, 2004). "Jeff Zucker: Life Without Friends". BusinessWeek. Retrieved January 15, 2010. 
  13. ^ Finke, Nikki. "NO JOKE: Jeff Zucker Had Conan Arrested –". Deadline.com. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Jeff Zucker". CNN. January 3, 2015. Retrieved January 21, 2015. 
  15. ^ "CEO of NBC Universal shares insights into his path to success.". BizNews. January–February 2005. Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  16. ^ Carter, Bill (December 3, 1991). "NBC Names Executive Producer of 'Today'". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  17. ^ Fung, Katherine (May 10, 2013). "Jeff Zucker: 'New Day' Hosts Remind Me Of Winning Team At 'Today'". Huffington Post. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  18. ^ Carter, Bill (December 25, 2000). "Network Heat Gets Even Hotter; At NBC, an Executive Moves From News to Entertainment". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Jeff Zucker May Actually Be Crazy Enough To Save CNN". Businessweek.com. June 19, 2013. Retrieved January 14, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Now Jeff Zucker Must Prove Himself Yet Again". Businessweek.com. February 19, 2007. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  21. ^ Levine, Greg (December 15, 2005). "Zucker Named NBC CEO; CBS Tops Fox NFL Pre-Game". Forbes. 
  22. ^ James, Meg; Gold, Matea (January 9, 2010). "How Zucker's Leno quick fix got NBC into a quagmire". Latimes.com. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  23. ^ a b Dowd, Maureen (January 12, 2010). "The Biggest Loser". New York Times. Retrieved January 21, 2010. 
  24. ^ Atkinson, Claire (June 2, 2010). "NBC boss eyes $30M+ exit deal from Comcast". New York Post. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  25. ^ Alex Ben Block (23 January 2012). "Katie Couric and Jeff Zucker: New Talk Show Isn't Regis or Oprah". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  26. ^ Guthrie, Marisa (3 June 2011). "Katie Couric's New Talk Show Deal Likely to Be Announced Monday". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  27. ^ Nellie Andreeva (17 October 2012). "Katie Couric’s Syndicated Talk Show Seeks Executive Producer As Jeff Zucker Eyes Exit". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  28. ^ a b Gabriel Sherman (5 October 2014). "Jeff Zucker Has Endured Cancer, Hollywood, and Being TV's Wunderkind. So Why Not Take on CNN?". NYMag. Retrieved 28 November 2014. 
  29. ^ "Jeff Zucker Strikes Back: CNN Chief Takes on Critics of Original Series, News Facelift". The Wrap. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  30. ^ "CNN Shows Most Growth in Cable News". AdWeek. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  31. ^ "CNN lays off more than 40 journalists". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  32. ^ a b c "How Jeff Zucker Is Seeking to Reshape CNN". nytimes.com. October 3, 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  33. ^ "CNN’s Jeff Zucker Reveals Plans to Change from News Network into Place with 'Attitude'". mediaite.com. December 3, 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  34. ^ "Jeff Zucker: News still first at CNN". politico.com. September 24, 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  35. ^ Carter, Bill (September 24, 2010). "NYT article, Zucker quote as saying he has 4 children. Retrieved Sep 25, 2010". Mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  36. ^ Primack, Dan (August 7, 2013). "CNN boss' son quits Cory Booker's startup". CNN Money. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Garth Ancier
President, NBC Entertainment
2000-2004
Succeeded by
Kevin Reilly
Preceded by
position created
President, NBC Universal Television Group
2004-2007
Succeeded by
unknown
Preceded by
Bob Wright
CEO of NBC
2007-2011
Succeeded by
Steve Burke
Preceded by
Jim Walton
President, CNN Worldwide
2013-present
Succeeded by
incumbent