Jefferson County, Missouri

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Jefferson County, Missouri
Jefferson County MO courthouse-20140524-015.jpg
County courthouse in Hillsboro
Seal of Jefferson County, Missouri
Seal
Map of Missouri highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded 1818
Named for Thomas Jefferson
Seat Hillsboro
Largest city Arnold
Area
 • Total 664 sq mi (1,720 km2)
 • Land 657 sq mi (1,702 km2)
 • Water 7.7 sq mi (20 km2), 1.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 224,124
 • Density 333/sq mi (129/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd, 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.jeffcomo.org

Jefferson County is a county located in the eastern portion of the state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 218,733,[1] making it the sixth-most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Hillsboro.[2] The county was organized in 1818 and named in honor of former President Thomas Jefferson.[3][4]

In 1980, according to the U.S. census held that year, the county contained the mean center of U.S. population. Notably, this was the first census in which the center of population was located west of the Mississippi River.

Jefferson County is part of the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area and encompasses many of the city's southern suburbs.

Governor Mel Carnahan was killed near Goldman, Missouri in a plane crash on October 16, 2000.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 664 square miles (1,720 km2), of which 657 square miles (1,700 km2) is land and 7.7 square miles (20 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5] The county's eastern border is the Mississippi River, and on the other side is Illinois.

Much of Jefferson County will be in the totality path of the solar eclipse of August 21, 2017.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,835
1830 2,592 41.3%
1840 4,296 65.7%
1850 6,928 61.3%
1860 10,344 49.3%
1870 15,380 48.7%
1880 18,736 21.8%
1890 22,484 20.0%
1900 25,712 14.4%
1910 27,878 8.4%
1920 26,555 −4.7%
1930 27,563 3.8%
1940 32,023 16.2%
1950 38,007 18.7%
1960 66,377 74.6%
1970 105,248 58.6%
1980 146,183 38.9%
1990 171,380 17.2%
2000 198,099 15.6%
2010 218,733 10.4%
Est. 2015 224,124 [6] 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2015[1]

As of the 2010 Census Jefferson County had a population of 218,733. The reported ethnic and racial make up of the population was 95.4% non-Hispanic white, 0.8% African-American, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% reporting some other race, 1.3% reporting two or more races and 1.6% Hispanic or Latino of any race.[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 198,099 people, 71,499 households, and 54,553 families residing in the county. The population density was 302 inhabitants per square mile (117/km2). There were 75,586 housing units at an average density of 115 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.48% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Approximately 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 71,499 households out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 18.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.80% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $60,636, and the median income for a family was $66,697. Males had a median income of $37,822 versus $25,440 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,058. About 4.90% of families and 6.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.10% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

There were 146,316 registered voters in 2008.[13] As of Oct. 24, 2012, there were 148,011.[14]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Post-secondary[edit]

ITT Technical Institute - Arnold

Jefferson College - Hillsboro A public, two-year community college.

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

Historically, the Democratic Party has controlled politics at the local level in Jefferson County. Democrats hold all but two of the elected positions in the county. However, Republicans have made gains in recent years; they hold five of seven seats on the county council.

Jefferson County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Terry Roesch Democratic
Circuit Clerk Michael Reuter Republican
County Clerk Wes Wagner Democratic
Collector Beth Mahn Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Ken Waller Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Forrest Wegge Democratic
Public Administrator Steve Farmer Republican
Recorder Debbie Dunnegan Republican
Sheriff Oliver Glenn Boyer Democratic
Treasurer Linda Nees Democratic

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 41.75% 40,470 55.68% 53,971 2.56% 2,484
2008 34.42% 35,947 63.87% 66,697 1.71% 1,781
2004 49.23% 45,891 49.25% 45,909 1.52% 1,424
2000 47.05% 36,060 49.33% 37,808 3.62% 2,775
1996 43.90% 28,986 52.96% 34,970 3.14% 2,077

Jefferson County is divided into seven legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives; six of which are held by Republicans and one held by a Democrat.

Missouri House of Representatives — District 97 — Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John C. McCaherty 4,681 66.98 +15.83
Democratic Tom Dohack 2,308 33.02 -15.83
Missouri House of Representatives — District 97 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John C. McCaherty 6,946 51.15
Democratic Sam Komo 6,633 48.85
  • District 111 Shane Roden (R-Cedar Hill). Consists of Byrnes Mill, Cedar Hill, Cedar Hill Lakes, House Springs, and Scottsdale.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 111 — Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Shane Roden 4,834 52.98 +3.66
Democratic Michael Frame 4,291 47.02 -3.66
Missouri House of Representatives — District 111 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Michael Frame 8,052 50.68
Republican Derrick Good 7,836 49.32
  • District 112 Rob Vescovo (R-Arnold). Consists of areas near Arnold and Byrnes Mill.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 112 — Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rob Vescovo 5,432 60.07 +0.97
Democratic Robert Butler 3,611 39.93 -0.97
Missouri House of Representatives — District 112 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Paul Wieland 9,284 59.10
Democratic Daniel James 6,425 40.90
  • District 113 Dan Shaul (R-Imperial). Consists of most Arnold, all of Imperial and Kimmswick, and part of Barnhart.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 113 — Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Dan Shaul 4,749 59.98 +13.21
Democratic Sean Fauss 3,168 40.02 -13.21
Missouri House of Representatives — District 113 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jeff Roorda 8,450 53.23
Republican Dan Smith 7,225 46.77
  • District 114 Becky Ruth (R-Festus). Consists of part of Barnhart, and all of Crystal City, Festus, Herculaneum, and Pevely.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 114 — Jefferson County (2014)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Becky Ruth 4,791 53.26 +3.53
Democratic T. J. McKenna 4,204 46.74 -3.53
Missouri House of Representatives — District 114 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic T. J. McKenna 7,772 50.27
Republican Becky Ruth 7,688 49.73
Missouri House of Representatives — District 115 — Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Elaine Gannon 3,285 63.64 +12.75
Democratic Dan Darian 1,621 31.40 -17.71
Constitution Jerry Dollar, Jr. 256 4.96 +4.96
Missouri House of Representatives — District 115 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Elaine Gannon 4,329 50.89
Democratic Rich McCane 4,177 49.11
Missouri House of Representatives — District 118 — Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ben Harris 3,239 55.43 -44.57
Republican Michael McGirl 2,604 44.57 +44.57
Missouri House of Representatives — District 118 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ben Harris 7,514 100.00

Jefferson County is also divided into two districts in the Missouri Senate.

  • District 3 — [1] Gary Romine (R-Farmington) Consists of De Soto, Hillsboro, and Olympian Village as well as part of Festus.
Missouri Senate — District 3 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Gary Romine 10,069 49.85
Democratic Joseph Fallert, Jr. 10,129 50.15
Missouri Senate — District 22 — Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Paul Wieland 22,208 54.19
Democratic Jeff Roorda 18,774 45.81

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate - Missouri - (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Claire McCaskill 51,862 53.51
Republican Todd Akin 38,745 39.97
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 6,316 6.52

Jefferson County is divided among three congressional districts. Prior to the 2012 election all of it was included in Missouri's 3rd Congressional District, but now about half of it is in the 3rd District, while the northeastern portion is in the 2nd Congressional District and the southern portion is in the 8th Congressional District.

U.S. House of Representatives - District 2 - Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ann Wagner 5,988 61.91 +6.38
Democratic Arthur Lieber 3,247 33.57 -7.41
Libertarian Bill Slantz 437 4.52 +1.68
U.S. House of Representatives — District 2 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ann Wagner 9,976 55.53
Democratic Glenn Koenen 7,361 40.98
Libertarian Bill Slantz 511 2.84
Constitution Anatol Zorikova 116 0.65
U.S. House of Representatives — District 3 — Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 16,558 60.12 +7.09
Democratic Courtney Denton 9,637 34.99 -7.29
Libertarian Steven Hedrick 1,345 4.88 +0.19
U.S. House of Representatives — District 3 — Jefferson County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 25,898 53.03
Democratic Eric Mayer 20,650 42.28
Libertarian Steven Wilson 2,288 4.69
U.S. House of Representatives — District 8 — Jefferson County (2014)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jason Smith 8,060 52.23 -5.47
Democratic Barbara Stocker 5,826 37.75 -0.80
Libertarian Rick Vandeven 436 2.83 +1.22
Constitution Doug Enyart 544 3.52 +1.38
Independent Terry Hampton 567 3.67
U.S. House of Representatives — District 8 — Jefferson County (Special Election, June 4, 2013)[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jason Smith 1,862 57.70 +0.78
Democratic Steve Hodges 1,244 38.55 -0.54
Libertarian Bill Slantz 52 1.61 -2.38
Constitution Doug Enyart 69 2.14 +2.14
U.S. House of Representatives — District 8 — Jefferson County (2012)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Joann Emerson 14,692 56.92
Democratic Jack Rushin 10,090 39.09
Libertarian Rick Vandeven 1,030 3.99

Political Culture[edit]

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 55.30% 53,978 42.58% 41,564 2.12% 2,069
2008 47.91% 50,804 50.42% 53,467 1.67% 1,779
2004 49.99% 46,624 49.38% 46,057 0.63% 583
2000 47.62% 36,766 50.02% 38,616 2.36% 1,822
1996 36.12% 23,877 48.52% 32,073 15.36% 10,152

A predominantly suburban county, Jefferson County is fairly independent-leaning at the federal level but does have a tendency to tilt Democratic. Presidential elections in Jefferson County are almost always extremely close; George W. Bush just narrowly carried the county in 2004 by less than 600 votes and by just over a half of a percentage point. Al Gore and Barack Obama also just narrowly carried the county in 2000 and 2008, respectively. Bill Clinton, however, did manage to carry Jefferson County by double digits both times in 1992 and 1996. However, in 2012 the county swung hard to Mitt Romney, who carried it with 55 percent of the vote.

Typical of the suburban culture in most counties throughout the country, voters in Jefferson County tend to be rather centrist on social issues but more liberal on economic issues. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Jefferson County with 72.56 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it narrowly passed Jefferson County with 51.85 percent voting for the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Jefferson County with 79.90 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

2008 Missouri Presidential Primary[edit]

Republican

U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) won Jefferson County with 33.54 percent of the vote. Former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts finished in a not-so-distant second place with 30.45 percent of the vote while former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) came in third place with 30.19 percent in Jefferson County. Libertarian-leaning U.S. Representative Ron Paul (R-Texas) finished a distant fourth place with 3.94 percent of the vote in Jefferson County.

Huckabee slightly led Missouri throughout much of the evening until the precincts began reporting from St. Louis where McCain won and put him over the top of Huckabee. In the end, McCain received 32.95 percent of the vote to Huckabee’s 31.53 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. McCain received all of Missouri’s 58 delegates as the Republican Party utilizes the winner-takes-all system.

Democratic

Former U.S. Senator and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (D-New York) won Jefferson County over now President Barack Obama (D-Illinois) by an almost two-to-one margin with 61.32 percent of the vote while Obama received 35.02 percent of the vote. Although he withdrew from the race, former U.S. Senator John Edwards (D-North Carolina) still received 2.74 percent of the vote in Jefferson County. Jefferson County gave Clinton one of her strongest showings in a predominantly suburban county in the entire country.

Clinton had a large initial lead in Missouri at the beginning of the evening as the rural precincts began to report, leading several news organizations to call the state for her; however, Obama rallied from behind as the heavily African American precincts from St. Louis began to report and eventually put him over the top. In the end, Obama received 49.32 percent of the vote to Clinton’s 47.90 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. Both candidates split Missouri’s 72 delegates as the Democratic Party utilizes proportional representation.

  • Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 19,075, than any candidate from either party in Jefferson County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primaries. She also received more votes than the total number of votes cast in the entire Republican Primary in Jefferson County.

Recreation[edit]

  • Big River Saddle Club
  • Brown's Ford
  • Cedar Hill
  • Fletcher House
  • High Ridge Civic Center
  • Rockford Beach
  • Jefferson Winter Park
  • Minnie Ha Ha Park
  • Morse Mill
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Sunridge
  • NW Jefferson County Sports Complex

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 179. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 168. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  11. ^ 2010 census report for Jefferson County, Missouri
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ "Registered Voters in Missouri 2008". 
  14. ^ http://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/registeredvoters.asp?rvmID=0012 Retrieved on Jul. 9, 2013
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "November 4, 2014 General Election Official Results" (PDF). Jefferson County Clerk. November 4, 2014. Retrieved March 31, 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Certification of Election Results" (PDF). Jefferson County Clerk. November 6, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2016. 
  17. ^ "June 4, 2013 Special Election" (PDF). Jefferson County Clerk. June 4, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°16′N 90°32′W / 38.26°N 90.54°W / 38.26; -90.54