Jefferson County, Nebraska

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Jefferson County, Nebraska
Jefferson County, Nebraska courthouse from E.JPG
Jefferson County Courthouse in Fairbury
Map of Nebraska highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded 1864
Named for Thomas Jefferson
Seat Fairbury
Largest city Fairbury
Area
 • Total 576 sq mi (1,492 km2)
 • Land 570 sq mi (1,476 km2)
 • Water 5.5 sq mi (14 km2), 1.0%
Population
 • (2010) 7,547
 • Density 13/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.jefferson.ne.us

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,547.[1] Its county seat is Fairbury.[2] The county was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Jefferson County is represented by the prefix 33 (it had the thirty-third-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

History[edit]

Jefferson County was founded on January 26, 1856 and later organized in 1864.[3][4] It was named for Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States.[5]

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed south out of Jefferson County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 576 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 570 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (1.0%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 2,440
1880 8,096 231.8%
1890 14,850 83.4%
1900 15,196 2.3%
1910 16,852 10.9%
1920 16,140 −4.2%
1930 16,409 1.7%
1940 15,532 −5.3%
1950 13,623 −12.3%
1960 11,620 −14.7%
1970 10,436 −10.2%
1980 9,817 −5.9%
1990 8,759 −10.8%
2000 8,333 −4.9%
2010 7,547 −9.4%
Est. 2016 7,177 [7] −4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 8,333 people, 3,527 households, and 2,352 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 3,942 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.42% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,527 households out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 5.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 22.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,629, and the median income for a family was $40,747. Males had a median income of $26,929 versus $18,594 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,380. About 8.00% of families and 8.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.20% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.7% 2,399 24.0% 837 7.4% 258
2012 62.9% 2,166 34.7% 1,195 2.5% 85
2008 56.9% 2,103 41.1% 1,520 2.0% 74
2004 64.8% 2,600 33.7% 1,352 1.5% 59
2000 61.1% 2,351 35.4% 1,361 3.5% 135
1996 49.2% 1,979 37.8% 1,520 13.1% 526
1992 39.7% 1,783 33.5% 1,506 26.8% 1,202
1988 57.2% 2,471 42.1% 1,819 0.8% 33
1984 68.9% 3,116 30.2% 1,367 0.9% 40
1980 67.6% 3,090 24.6% 1,125 7.8% 357
1976 54.9% 2,628 43.2% 2,068 1.9% 93
1972 67.1% 3,008 32.9% 1,476 0.0% 0
1968 60.2% 2,793 33.9% 1,572 5.9% 272
1964 44.8% 2,275 55.2% 2,804 0.0% 0
1960 68.1% 4,047 31.9% 1,895 0.0% 0
1956 71.3% 4,267 28.8% 1,722 0.0% 0
1952 76.1% 4,941 23.9% 1,550 0.0% 0
1948 60.3% 3,352 39.7% 2,208 0.0% 0
1944 66.1% 4,257 33.9% 2,187 0.0% 0
1940 64.4% 4,980 35.7% 2,759 0.0% 0
1936 40.0% 3,048 59.4% 4,526 0.7% 50
1932 33.1% 2,453 65.1% 4,819 1.8% 130
1928 66.0% 4,359 33.2% 2,193 0.9% 57
1924 48.1% 2,752 31.9% 1,824 20.0% 1,143
1920 67.9% 3,488 27.4% 1,408 4.6% 238
1916 46.9% 1,813 47.6% 1,841 5.6% 216
1912 18.6% 655 39.6% 1,396 41.8% 1,474[14]
1908 50.5% 1,941 46.5% 1,787 3.0% 116
1904 66.6% 2,067 21.2% 659 12.1% 376
1900 53.1% 1,862 45.3% 1,587 1.7% 58

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lilian Linder (1925). Nebraska Place-Names. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Studies in Language, Literature, and Criticism. p. 81. Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  4. ^ Andreas, A. T. (1882). "Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska". The Kansas Collection. Retrieved December 18, 2014. 
  5. ^ http://nebraskahistory.org/lib-arch/research/public/county_finding_aids/jefferson.pdf
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 1,205 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 226 votes and Prohibition Eugene Chafin received 43 votes.

External links[edit]

Official website

Coordinates: 40°10′N 97°09′W / 40.17°N 97.15°W / 40.17; -97.15