Jefferson F. Long

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Jefferson Franklin Long
Jefferson F. Long - Brady-Handy.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 4th district
In office
January 16, 1871 – March 3, 1871
Preceded by Samuel F. Gove
Succeeded by Thomas J. Speer
Personal details
Born (1836-03-03)March 3, 1836
near the city of Knoxville in Crawford County, Georgia
Died February 4, 1901(1901-02-04) (aged 64)
Macon, Georgia
Political party Republican
Profession tailor

Jefferson Franklin Long (March 3, 1836 – February 4, 1901) was an American politician from Georgia. He was the first African American from Georgia to be elected to the United States House of Representatives.

Long was born a slave near the city of Knoxville in Crawford County, Georgia on March 3, 1836. He was self-educated. He became a merchant tailor in Macon, Georgia. Long was elected as a Republican to the Forty-first Congress to fill the vacancy caused when the U.S. House declared Samuel F. Gove not entitled to the seat and served from January 16, 1871 to March 3, 1871. Long was not a candidate for renomination in 1870, but did serve as a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1880. He resumed business in Macon, Georgia, and died there on February 4, 1901. He was interred in Lynwood Cemetery.

See also[edit]


  • Matthews, John M. "Jefferson Franklin Long: The Public Career of Georgia’s First Black Congressman." Phylon 42 (June 1981): 145-56.
  • Logan, Rayford W. “Long, Jefferson Franklin.” In Dictionary of American Negro Biography, edited by Rayford W. Logan and Michael R. Winston, pp. 405. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1982.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Samuel Francis Gove
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 4th congressional district

December 22, 1870 – March 3, 1871
Succeeded by
Thomas J. Speer