Jefferson Township, Tipton County, Indiana

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Jefferson Township
Township
Intersection of U.S. 31 and Highway 28, in Jefferson Township
Intersection of U.S. 31 and Highway 28, in Jefferson Township
Location in Tipton County
Location in Tipton County
Coordinates: 40°15′35″N 86°11′29″W / 40.25972°N 86.19139°W / 40.25972; -86.19139Coordinates: 40°15′35″N 86°11′29″W / 40.25972°N 86.19139°W / 40.25972; -86.19139
Country  United States
State  Indiana
County Tipton
Government
 • Type Indiana township
Area
 • Total 39.1 sq mi (101 km2)
 • Land 39.1 sq mi (101 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[1] 922 ft (281 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,422
 • Density 36.4/sq mi (14.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 46031, 46045, 46049, 46050, 46072
Area code(s) 765
GNIS feature ID 453500

Jefferson Township is one of six townships in Tipton County, Indiana, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,422 and it contained 616 housing units.[2]

History[edit]

Squatters were the first white settlers in the area. Barnett Stepp was the first known white settler in Jefferson Township. He moved with his family, from Kentucky, to the southern part of the future township in 1835. Stepp maintained a small home and farm until his death in 1852. A son-in-law of Stepp, named Horton, came to the township in 1836, settling on 160 acres just east of Stepp's land. Over the course of the decade, more families settled in the area.[3] The first blacksmith shop was founded in the area in the late 1830s by Robert Smith, near Tetersburg.[4] Miami Indians still resided in the area as of 1840. The area was very rural and early settlers struggled to acquire clothing and groceries. Farmers traded crops and animal skins for items they needed. People had to travel from Jefferson Township to Cicero, Indiana, which was 16 miles away and treacherous given the poor quality of roads. Wheat began to be grown in the area and was a popular commodity to trade in Cicero.[5]

In 1837, the first orchard was planted in the township. The following year, the first log cabin was built in the area, followed by the first frame house ten years later, in 1848. The first brick building was built in 1868. In 1845, the first mill was built near Normanda.[5] Additional mills were built in the area and a tannery was built in 1849, only to close in 1856. The first cemetery was founded in Tetersburg in 1847.[6]

The first township elections were held in 1844.[6] A Protestant Methodist congregation was founded in the township in 1863. A church was built in 1873 just north of Kempton.[7]

As of the early 20th century, farming was the main industry, specifically fruit. The Lake Erie & Western railroad ran east to west through the township providing economic support, transportation and communication.[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 39.1 square miles (101 km2), all land.[2]

Natural environments[edit]

Historically, Jefferson Township was fairly flat with a lot of low, marshy ground. The west side of the township was prairie with some small amounts of trees and shrubs, including willow and scrub oak. In the southern part, the soil was light in color and sandy in lower areas. In some areas the soil is thick and black and good for agricultural purposes.[9]

Cities, towns, villages[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

(This list is based on USGS data and may include former settlements.)

Former settlements[edit]

Adjacent townships[edit]

Government[edit]

Political districts[edit]

Early history[edit]

The first school in the township began in 1842, just south of Goldsmith. The first teacher, James Forsythe, was described as being a "good instructor," and having a criminal past. He was arrested in Hamilton County for larceny at one point during his life. After he left, his son, Peter, taught at the school. Two additional schools were built in the township around this time. The first was near Jericho and the second near Normanda. Eventually, another school was built in Tetersburg.[10]

Today[edit]

Students in Jefferson Township attend schools in the Tipton Community School Corporation.

Infrastructure[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Cemeteries[edit]

The township contains these four cemeteries: Kempton, Small, Tucker and Wolford.

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place -- 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  3. ^ Pershing, p. 108
  4. ^ Pershing, p. 109
  5. ^ a b Pershing, p. 111
  6. ^ a b Pershing, p. 112
  7. ^ Pershing, p. 200
  8. ^ Pershing, p. 113
  9. ^ Pershing, p. 107
  10. ^ Pershing, p. 191

Sources[edit]

  • Pershing, Marvin W. "History of Tipton County, Indiana: Her People, Industries and Institutions". Indianapolis: B.F. Bowen (1914).

External links[edit]