Jeffrey Braithwaite

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Jeffrey Braithwaite is a professor, health services and systems researcher, writer and commentator in Australia and overseas. He is Founding Director of the Australian Institute of Health Innovation at Macquarie University. His work appears in journals such as the British Medical Journal, The Lancet, Social Science & Medicine, BMJ Quality and the International Journal of Quality in Health Care.

Career[edit]

He has tertiary qualifications in psychology, industrial relations and business administration and holds a Doctorate of Philosophy from University of New South Wales.

In 2000 he was appointed a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Management (FAIM), now known as the Institute of Managers and Leaders (FIML). In 2001 he was conferred as Fellow of the Australasian College of Health Service Management (FCHSM) and in 2012 as Honorary Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Medical Administrators. In 2014 he was made Fellow in the distinction grade, Faculty of Public Health, Royal College of Physicians, United Kingdom (FFPH, RCP). In 2015 he was conferred as Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences, United Kingdom (FAcSS). In 2017 he was awarded Fellow of the Australian Academy of Health and Medical Sciences (FAAHMS).

In 2017 the International Society for Quality in Healthcare announced his appointment as President-Elect for 2017-2019 after which he will take on the position of President from 2019-2021.[1]

Braithwaite has appointments with six other universities internationally including Honorary Senior International Research Fellow at the Canon Institute for Global Studies (Japan),[2] Honorary Professor, University of Birmingham (UK),[3] Honorary Professor, Newcastle University (UK) and Adjunct Professor for Resilient Health Care and Patient Safety, University of Southern Denmark (Denmark).[4]

He is Professor of Health Systems Research with the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at Macquarie University and his publications can be viewed on Google Scholar.

Research contributions[edit]

Braithwaite has published research on resilient healthcare,[5] implementation science,[6] health systems sustainability,[7] complexity science,[8] patient safety,[9] international healthcare reform,[10] professional cultures,[11] change and restructuring.[12][13]

Resilient Healthcare[edit]

From 2011 with colleagues including Professor Erik Hollnagel, University of Southern Denmark, and Professor Bob Wears, University of Florida, and as part of Denmark’s Resilient Health Care Net initiative, Braithwaite co-authored a series of books on resilient healthcare and Safety II.[14][15]

Implementation science[edit]

In 2017 Braithwaite was awarded a National Health and Medical Research Council project grant for the Centre for Research Excellence in Implementation Science in Oncology to turn research knowledge into effective patient-centred practice by bringing together researchers, policy makers, clinicians and patients.

Health system sustainability[edit]

In 2016 Braithwaite was awarded a National Health and Medical Research Council partnership centre grant to establish the Centre for Health System Sustainability to support the implementation of research-informed improvements in healthcare.

Complexity science and patient safety[edit]

Braithwaite has commented publicly on patient safety[16] and the complex nature[17][18][19][20] of healthcare systems and how the number of adverse events experienced by patients in hospital has not decreased.

In 2017, Braithwaite’s white paper Complexity Science in Healthcare – Aspirations, Approaches, Applications and Accomplishments[21] was published. It advocates for healthcare to be recognised as a complex adaptive system and outlines potential applications to healthcare in Australia and worldwide.

International healthcare reform[edit]

Braithwaite consults to the World Health Organization (WHO) and AusAid, particularly to the governments of East Timor, Laos, Papua New Guinea and the People's Republic of China; to WHO Centre for Health Development Kobe in Japan (also known as WHO Kobe Centre) and the Shanghai Municipal Health Bureau.

In 2017 Braithwaite edited Health Systems Improvement across the globe – success stories from 60 countries[22] - which invited authors from poor-, middle- and high-income countries to contribute articles illustrating where their health system has done well and providing lessons for other countries.

Selected publications[edit]

  • Braithwaite, J., Testa, L., Lamprell, G., Herkes, J., Ludlow, K., McPherson, E., Campbell, M. and Holt, J. Built to last? The sustainability of health system improvements, interventions and change strategies: A study protocol for a systematic review. BMJ Open. 2017 Nov 12;7(11):e018568.
  • Braithwaite, J., Mannion, R., Matsuyama, Y., Shekelle, P., Whittaker, S., Al-Adawi, S., Ludlow, K., James, W., Ting, H.P., Herkes, J., Ellis, L., Churruca, K., Nicklin, W. and Hughes, C. Accomplishing reform: successful case studies drawn from the health systems of 60 countries. International Journal for Quality in Health Care. 2017 Sep 20 1-7
  • Clay-Williams, R., Ludlow, K., Testa, L., Li, Z. and Braithwaite, J. (2017) Medical leadership, a systematic narrative review: Do hospitals and healthcare organisations perform better when led by doctors? BMJ Open, 7(9): e014474. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014474.
  • Mannion, R.; Braithwaite, J. (2017). "False dawns and new horizons in patient safety research and practice". International Journal of Health Policy Management. 6 (12): 685–689. doi:10.15171/ijhpm.2017.115.
  • Braithwaite, J.; Churruca, K.; Ellis, L.A. (2017). "Can we fix the uber-complexities of healthcare?". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 110 (10): 393–394. doi:10.1177/0141076817728419.
  • Hollnagel, E., Braithwaite, J., Wears, R. (eds) (2013) Resilient Health Care, London, Ashgate. ISBN 978-1-4094-6978-0 [4].
  • Long, JC.; Cunningham, FC.; Braithwaite, J. (2013). "Bridges, brokers and boundary spanners in collaborative networks: a systematic review". BMC Health Services Research. 13 (1): 158. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-158.
  • Runciman, W.B.; Hunt, T.D.; Hannaford, N.A.; Hibbert, P.D.; Westbrook, J.I.; Coiera, E.; Day, R.O.; Hindmarsh, D.M.; McGlynn, E.A.; Braithwaite, J. (2012). "CareTrack: assessing the appropriateness of healthcare delivery in Australia". Medical Journal of Australia. 197 (2): 100–105. doi:10.5694/mja12.10510.
  • Braithwaite, J, Greenfield, D., Westbrook, J., Pawsey, M., Westbrook, M., Gibberd, R., Naylor, J., Nathan, S., Robinson, M., Runciman, B., Jackson, M., Travaglia, J., Johnston, B., Yen, D., McDonald, H., Low, L., Redman, S., Johnston, B., Corbett, A., Hennessy, D., Clark, J. and Lancaster, J. (2010) Health service accreditation as a predictor of clinical and organizational performance: a blinded, random, stratified study. Quality and Safety in Health Care [now BMJ Quality & Safety], 19:14–21.
  • Greenfield, D.; Braithwaite, J. (2008). "Health sector accreditation research: a systematic review". International Journal of Quality in Health Care. 20: 172–183. doi:10.1093/intqhc/mzn005.
  • Westbrook, J.I.; Braithwaite, J.; Georgiou, A.; Ampt, A.; Creswick, N.; Coiera, E.; Iedema, R. (2007). "Multi-method evaluation of information and communication technologies in health in the context of wicked problems and socio-technical theory". Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 14: 746–755. doi:10.1197/jamia.m2462. PMC 2213479.
  • Braithwaite, J (2007). "How to restructure-proof your health service". British Medical Journal. 335 (7610): 99. doi:10.1136/bmj.39272.443137.59.
  • Braithwaite, J.; Westbrook, M.T.; Mallock, N.A.; Travaglia, J.F.; Iedema, R.A. (2006). "Experiences of health professionals who conducted root cause analyses after undergoing a safety improvement program". Quality and Safety in Health Care. 15: 393–399. doi:10.1136/qshc.2005.017525. PMC 2464895.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://isqua.org/who-we-are/our-people/current-board/Professor-Jeffrey-Braithwaite
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/schools/social-policy/departments/health-services-management-centre/staff/hsmc-honorary-staff.aspx
  4. ^ http://newsevents.cms01.med.unsw.edu.au/news/professor-braithwaite-appointed-adjunct-professor-university-southern-denmark
  5. ^ Braithwaite, Jeffrey; Wears, Robert L.; Hollnagel, Erik (October 2015). "Resilient health care: turning patient safety on its head". International Journal for Quality in Health Care: Journal of the International Society for Quality in Health Care. 27 (5): 418–420. doi:10.1093/intqhc/mzv063. ISSN 1464-3677. PMID 26294709.
  6. ^ Braithwaite, Jeffrey; Westbrook, Mary T.; Iedema, Rick; Mallock, Nadine A.; Forsyth, Rowena; Zhang, Kai (March 2005). "A tale of two hospitals: assessing cultural landscapes and compositions". Social Science & Medicine. 60 (5): 1149–1162. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.06.046. ISSN 0277-9536. PMID 15589681.
  7. ^ Braithwaite, Jeffrey; Testa, Luke; Lamprell, Gina; Herkes, Jessica; Ludlow, Kristiana; McPherson, Elise; Campbell, Margie; Holt, Joanna (2017-11-12). "Built to last? The sustainability of health system improvements, interventions and change strategies: a study protocol for a systematic review". BMJ Open. 7 (11): e018568. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018568. ISSN 2044-6055. PMC 5695467. PMID 29133332.
  8. ^ Resilient health care. Hollnagel, Erik, 1941-, Braithwaite, Jeffrey, 1954-, Wears, Robert L. Farnham, Surrey, UK England: Ashgate. 2013. ISBN 9781409469780. OCLC 855504811.
  9. ^ Iedema, Roderick Aren Michael; Jorm, Christine; Braithwaite, Jeffrey; Travaglia, Jo; Lum, Martin (September 2006). "A root cause analysis of clinical error: confronting the disjunction between formal rules and situated clinical activity". Social Science & Medicine. 63 (5): 1201–1212. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.03.035. ISSN 0277-9536. PMID 16690184.
  10. ^ Braithwaite, Jeffrey; Mannion, Russell; Matsuyama, Yukihiro; Shekelle, Paul; Whittaker, Stuart; Al-Adawi, Samir; Ludlow, Kristiana; James, Wendy; Ting, Hsuen P (2017-10-01). "Accomplishing reform: successful case studies drawn from the health systems of 60 countries". International Journal for Quality in Health Care. 29 (6): 880–886. doi:10.1093/intqhc/mzx122. ISSN 1353-4505.
  11. ^ Culture and climate in health care organizations. Braithwaite, Jeffrey, 1954-, Hyde, Paula., Pope, Catherine., Palgrave Connect (Online service). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 2010. ISBN 9780230584655. OCLC 649381013.
  12. ^ Braithwaite, Jeffrey (2007-07-12). "How to restructure-proof your health service". BMJ. 335 (7610): 99–99. doi:10.1136/bmj.39272.443137.59. ISSN 0959-8138.
  13. ^ Braithwaite, Jeffrey (2005-11-24). "Invest in people, not restructuring". BMJ. 331 (7527): 1272. doi:10.1136/bmj.331.7527.1272-a. ISSN 0959-8138. PMC 1289372. PMID 16308407.
  14. ^ Resilient health care. Hollnagel, Erik, 1941-, Braithwaite, Jeffrey, 1954-, Wears, Robert L. Farnham, Surrey, UK England: Ashgate. 2013. ISBN 9781409469780. OCLC 855504811.
  15. ^ Resilient health care. Volume 2, The resilience of everyday clinical work. Hollnagel, Erik, 1941-, Braithwaite, Jeffrey, 1954-, Wears, Robert L., (Second ed.). Farnham. ISBN 9781472437822. OCLC 899704731.
  16. ^ Braithwaite, Jeffrey; Westbrook, Mary T.; Robinson, Maureen; Michael, Sarah; Pirone, Christy; Robinson, Philip (May 2011). "Improving patient safety: the comparative views of patient-safety specialists, workforce staff and managers". BMJ quality & safety. 20 (5): 424–431. doi:10.1136/bmjqs.2010.047605. ISSN 2044-5423. PMID 21242528.
  17. ^ "Patient safety: Why we need less hierarchy and more "geeks" - Sax Institute". Sax Institute. 2017-04-20. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  18. ^ Taylor, Andrew (2017-04-18). "Patient safety expert Sir Liam Donaldson wants to get rid of the 'patronising attitude' in health care". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  19. ^ Alexander, Harriet (2016-02-03). "NSW public hospitals record rise in medication errors, surgical errors, inpatient suicides". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  20. ^ Aubusson, Kate; Alexander, Harriet (2016-09-03). "Probe after second stillborn cremation error at RNS Hospital morgue". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
  21. ^ 1954-, Braithwaite, Jeffrey,. Complexity science in healthcare - aspirations, approaches, applications and accomplishments : a white paper. Churruca, Kate,, Ellis, Louise A. 1975-, Long, Janet c.,, Clay-Williams, Robyn.,, Damen, Nikki,, Herkes, Jessica,. South Yarra: Macmillan Education Australia. ISBN 9781741384567. OCLC 1001721355.
  22. ^ Jeffrey., Braithwaite, (2017). Health Systems Improvement Across the Globe. London: CRC Press. ISBN 9781472482044. OCLC 1000394292.