Jeffrey M. Schwartz

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For the American anthropologist, see Jeffrey H. Schwartz.
Jeffrey M. Schwartz
Occupation Psychiatrist
Employer UCLA School of Medicine

Jeffrey M. Schwartz, M.D. is an American psychiatrist and researcher in the field of neuroplasticity and its application to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).[1][2] He is a proponent of mind/body dualism and appeared in the 2008 Film Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed, in which he told interviewer Ben Stein that science should not be separated from religion.[2][3][4][5]

Brain lock[edit]

Brain lock is a term coined by Schwartz to describe obsessive-compulsive behavior and to describe a treatment plan he published in his 1997 book Brain Lock: Free Yourself from Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior.[6][7] In the book Schwartz claims that obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) are a result of a bio-chemical imbalance where brain functions will get "locked" in an obsessive-compulsive pattern and that OCD can be self-treated by following four steps,[8] which are listed as follows:[9]

  1. Relabel the obsessive thoughts and compulsive urges as obsessions and compulsions, not as real thoughts.
  2. Reattribute the obsessive thoughts to a brain malfunction called OCD.
  3. Refocus on a wholesome, productive activity for at least fifteen minutes.
  4. Revalue the entire obsession and compulsion group as having no useful meaning in your life.



  • Jeffrey Schwartz and Sharon Begley, The mind and the brain: Neuroplasticity and the power of mental force, New York: Regan Books, 2002. ISBN 0-06-039355-6.
  • Jeffrey Schwartz and Beverly Beyette, Brain Lock: Free Yourself from Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior, New York: Regan Books, 1997. ISBN 0-06-098711-1.[10]
  • Jeffrey Schwartz, You Are Not Your Brain: The 4-Step Solution for Changing Bad Habits, Ending Unhealthy Thinking, and Taking Control of Your Life, New York: Avery, 2011. ISBN 1-58333-426-2.


  • Schwartz, J. M., Stapp, H. P., and Beauregard, M. (2005). Quantum theory in neuroscience and psychology: A neurophysical model of mind-brain interaction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 360(1458):1309-27. Full paper
  • Schwartz, J. M., Stapp, H. P., and Beauregard, M. (2004). The volitional influence of the mind on the brain, with special reference to emotional self-regulation, in Beauregard, M. (Ed.), Consciousness, emotional self-regulation, and the brain, Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company, chapter 7. ISBN 90-272-5187-8.
  • Schwartz, J. M., Gulliford, E. Z., Stier, J., and Thienemann, M. (2005). Mindful Awareness and Self-Directed Neuroplasticity: Integrating psychospiritual and biological approaches to mental health with a focus on obsessive compulsive disorder, in Mijares, S. G., and Khalsa, G. S. (Eds.), The Psychospiritual Clinician's Handbook: Alternative methods for understanding and treating mental disorders, Binghamton, NY: Haworth Reference Press, chapter 13. ISBN 0-7890-2324-5.


  1. ^ Malcolm, Lynne. "Part 1 of 2: The Power of Plasticity". Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b 4th Annual Discovery Society Insiders Briefing on Intelligent Design
  3. ^ Gefter, Amanda (22 October 2008), "Creationists declare war over the brain", New Scientist (2679): 46–47 
  4. ^ Beauregard, Mario (26 November 2008), nonmaterialist-mind.html "Non-materialist mind" Check |url= scheme (help), New Scientist (2684): 23 
  5. ^ A Scientific Dissent from Darwinism
  6. ^ Austin, Michael (2011). Useful Fictions: Evolution, Anxiety, and the Origins of Literature. University of Nebraska Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 9780803232976. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  7. ^ Chansky, Tamar E. (2001). Freeing Your Child from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Random House LLC. pp. 7, 28, 39, 181, 190. ISBN 0812931173. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  8. ^ Slaughter, Adele. "Shalhoub brings obsessive compulsive disorder to light". USA Today. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  9. ^ Olson, Tom (June 2003). "Buddhism, Behavior Change, and OCD". Journal of Holistic Nursing 21 (2): 151–162. doi:10.1177/0898010103021002005. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Volk, Steve. "Rewiring the Brain to Treat OCD". Discover Magazine. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 

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