Jeffrey Miles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Jeffrey Miles

3rd Chief Justice of the Australian Capital Territory
In office
17 June 1985 – 30 September 2002
Preceded bySir Richard Blackburn
Succeeded byTerrence Higgins
Personal details
Born
Jeffrey Allan Miles

(1935-03-20)20 March 1935
Newcastle, New South Wales
Died11 February 2019(2019-02-11) (aged 83)
Spouse(s)Patricia Miles
Children2 (m, f)
EducationNewcastle Boys High School, New South Wales
Alma materThe University of Sydney
ProfessionJudge, jurist & barrister

Jeffrey Allan Miles AO (20 March 1935 – 11 February 2019) was an Australian author and jurist. He was a Chief Justice of the Australian Capital Territory. He also held judicial appointments in New South Wales and Papua New Guinea. In 2005 he conducted a judicial review[1] into the fitness to be tried of David Eastman who had been convicted of murdering Australian policeman Colin Winchester. In 2008, he was elected President of the Australian Capital Territory Branch of the International Commission of Jurists.[2]

Early years[edit]

Jeffrey Allan Miles was born 20 March 1935 in Newcastle, New South Wales, the son of James Albert Miles and Dora Jessie Miles.[2]

He attended Newcastle Boys High School and matriculated to the University of Sydney;[2] where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1955, a Bachelor of Laws in 1958, and a Master of Laws in 1973.

Career[edit]

In 1958 he was admitted as a solicitor of the Supreme Court of New South Wales and practised until 1965. In 1965 he was admitted to the bar in both New South Wales and the Northern Territory. In 1978 he was appointed a Public Defender in New South Wales. Miles continued to practise as a barrister until 1980 when he was appointed to the judiciary.[2]

In 1980 he was appointed judge to the National Court of Papua New Guinea. He worked as a judge there until 1982. In that year, he was appointed to the Supreme Court of New South Wales.[2]

In 1985 he appointed Chief Justice of the Australian Capital Territory. He was appointed concurrently to the Federal Court of Australia. He continued as a judge in both the Federal Court and the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory until his early retirement in 2002.[2][3]

Following his retirement, Miles continued his work in the law, being appointed both an acting judge in the Supreme Courts of both New South Wales and in the Australian Capital Territory – appointments he held until 2005.[2] In 2005, he agreed to sit on the Law Council of Australia’s Human Rights Observer Panel.[4] He also chaired the Torres Strait Fisheries Assessment Advisory Panel in 2006 and 2007.[2]

Notable cases[edit]

Justice Miles dealt with many interesting cases during his career. An often cited and legally significant case is that of R v Hollingshed.[5] This case involved the interpretation of Australia’s obligations under an international treaty when it had not been applied by law into Australia as affecting the treatment of a prisoner. He embarked on a full and frank discussion of the New South Wales prison system.[6] Whilst he held that the treaty could be used to interpret the criminal law, he declined to hold that being held in “isolated protective custody” was unlawful under international obligations.[7]

Miles dealt with a claim for compensation for injuries suffered by a female complainant slipping on the floor at a supermarket. The complainant, aged 58, alleged that she had been deprived from potentially earning an income as a prostitute at a brothel. The complainant produced a number of young men who were prepared to testify that they were disappointed that the complainant had not been available as a prostitute. Miles declined to award any damages.[8]

Miles led an inquiry into the fitness to be tried of David Harold Eastman. Eastman had been sentenced to life imprisonment for the shooting of Colin Winchester, an Assistant Commissioner of Police, outside his Canberra home in 1989. Eastman had earlier lost appeals to the Federal Court and the High Court of Australia from his conviction . After hearing evidence at the inquiry for over two years, Miles presented his report to the Australian Capital Territory Government. He concluded that Eastman was fit to plead to the indictment.[9][10][11]

Awards and honours[edit]

On 10 June 1994, he was made an Officer in the General Division of the Order of Australia for "service to the law and the community".[12][13]

In 2003, he was awarded the Centenary Medal.[2]

Personal life[edit]

On 15 April 1976 he married Patricia, daughter of Noel and Doreen Freebairn. They had one son and one daughter.[2]

Miles died on 11 February 2019.[14]

Publications[edit]

  • "Bail Legislation: Objectives and Achievements";[15]
  • "The role of the victim in the criminal process: fairness to the victim and fairness to the accused"; [16]
  • "The Role of Judicature in the Australian Capital Territory";[17]
  • "The Judicature in the Australian Capital Territory"; [18]
  • "Justice at the Seat of Government".[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ierace, Mark (5 November 2010), "Fitness to be Tried", Paper presented at the University of NSW Law Faculty CLE/CPD day, Public Defenders, Department of Justice. Government of New South Wales
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Who's Who Live (Australia)". Crown Content ABN 37 096 393 636. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
  3. ^ Roderick Campbell, "Chief Justice to retire two years early", The Canberra Times, 16 May 2002, p 1
  4. ^ Law Council of Australia MediaNet Press Release. Sydney: 6 April 2005. p 1
  5. ^ R v Hollingshed [1993] ACTSC 51, (1993) 112 FLR 109, Supreme Court (ACT).
  6. ^ CJ Higgins, Terence (21 April 2006). "Ceremony for Admission of Legal Practitioners" (PDF). ACT Supreme Court. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  7. ^ Groves, Matthew. "International Law And Australian Prisoners". (2001) 24(1) University of New South Wales Law Journal 17. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  8. ^ “Obiter Dictum”, Newsletter Edition. Australian Capital Territory Young Lawyers Association No: 13 Autumn 2005
  9. ^ ”ACT cop killer seeks leave to reopen case” Amy Coopes, AAP General News Wire. Sydney: 25 September 2007. p 1
  10. ^ ”Inquiry rules Eastman was fit to plead” AAP General News Wire. Sydney: 10 October 2005. p 1
  11. ^ ”Inquiry begins into police murder conviction” ABC Premium News. Sydney: 11 October 2004. p 1
  12. ^ Australian Government, It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours (database online) accessed
  13. ^ Queens's Birthday Honours, The Sydney Morning Herald, 13 June 1994, p 6.
  14. ^ "The Hon Jeffrey Allan Miles AO (1935 - 2019)". NSW Bar Association. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  15. ^ Miles, Jeffrey (1988). "Bail Legislation: Objectives and Achievements" (PDF). Bail or remand? Proceedings of a conference held 29 November-1 December 1988. Australian Institute of Criminology. ISSN 1034-5086.
  16. ^ Miles, Jeffrey, The role of the victim in the criminal process: fairness to the victim and fairness to the accused (1995) 19 Criminal Law Journal 193. LawCite search
  17. ^ The Role of Judicature in the Australian Capital Territory, The Sixth Blackburn Memorial Lecture, 1993
  18. ^ Miles, Jeffrey, The Judicature in the Australian Capital Territory (1994) 68 Australian Law Journal 14.
  19. ^ Miles, Jeffrey, Justice at the Seat of Government (1992) 66 Australian Law Journal 555.