Jeffrey Shapiro

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Jeffrey H. Shapiro
Jeffrey Shapiro at MIT.png
ResidenceUnited States
NationalityAmerican
Alma materMassachusetts Institute of Technology
Known forquantum communication, squeezed state, ghost imaging
Scientific career
FieldsPhysicist
InstitutionsMassachusetts Institute of Technology, Case Western Reserve University
Doctoral advisorRobert S. Kennedy

Jeffrey H. Shapiro is the Julius A. Stratton Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the former Director of the Research Laboratory of Electronics.[1] He made seminal contributions to understanding the fundamental quantum limits on communications, generation, detection, and application of quantum squeezed state, ghost imaging, and quantum information science. He invented the microchannel-plate spatial light modulator with Cardinal Warde.[2]

Biography[edit]

Shapiro received the S.B., S.M., E.E., and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from MIT in 1967, 1968, 1969, and 1970, respectively. From 1970 to 1973, he was on the faculty of Case Western Reserve University. From 1973 to 1985, he was an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at MIT, and in 1985, he was promoted to Professor of Electrical Engineering. He became the Julius A. Stratton Professor in 1999.

From 1989 to 1999, Shapiro served as the Associate Department Head of MIT's Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. He was appointed Director of the Research Laboratory of Electronics in 2001.[3] He is also a director of MIT's Optical and Quantum Communications Group.[4]

Research[edit]

Shapiro's research focuses on utilizing quantum mechanical effects to develop metrology tools and applications whose performance greatly exceeds what can be realized with conventional, classical-physics systems. In particular, his group investigated the quantum limits on optical communications and derived the capacity of quantum channels. His group also demonstrated high-performance entanglement sources and took advantage of these sources to implement quantum key distribution systems. Shapiro's group pioneered in developing quantum illumination,[5] which enables use of entanglement in lossy and noisy environments.[6][7]

Honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jeffrey Shapiro
  2. ^ Kalb, Gilbert; Robert Moxley (1992). Massively Parallel, Optical, and Neural Computing in the United States. IOS Press. p. 91. ISBN 9789051990973.
  3. ^ Shapiro appointed the seventh Director of RLE
  4. ^ Hardesty, Larry (May 21, 2013). "Making quantum encryption practical". Phys.org. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
  5. ^ Zheshen Zhang, Maria Tengner, Tian Zhong, Franco N.C. Wong, and Jeffrey H. Shapiro, Entanglement's benefit survives an entanglement-breaking channel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 010501 (2013) ([1])
  6. ^ Quantum Communications: Broken quantum links still work, Nature 499, 129 (2013) ([2])
  7. ^ Fragility of entanglement no bar to quantum secrets, New Scientist July 17, 2013([3])
  8. ^ Laureates of the Quantum Communication Award
  9. ^ "2008 IEEE/LEOS Quantum Electronics Award Recipients: Jeffrey H. Shapiro and Horace P. Yuen". IEEE website. Retrieved 20 November 2013.

External links[edit]