Jeffrey C. Sprecher (born c. 1955) is an American businessman and is the Founder, Chairman and CEO of Intercontinental Exchange and Chairman of the New York Stock Exchange.
Sprecher was born in Madison, Wisconsin, U.S., where he attended James Madison Memorial High School. He was initiated in Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Wisconsin Alpha Chapter. He received a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1978 and an MBA from Pepperdine University in 1984.
Energy Policy Act (1992) passed and deregulation in the electric industry started. Those working in the "electric industry realized the need for real-time, continentwide transactions", made possible by "Continental Power Exchange" technologies whereby "individual businesses and consumers may one day be able to select an energy provider in the same way that individuals shop for long-distance telephone service."
In 1996 he bought the Continental Power Exchange in Atlanta, Georgia from MidAmerican Energy Holdings Company for $1 plus the assumption of debt, which became the foundation for IntercontinentalExchangeICE.
In the 1990s energy trading was handled manually by "Continental Power Exchange, an electronic energy trading company. By 1997 Continental Power Exchange CPEX had "a federated software structure in place, CPEX... ready to expand to more servers as growth demands. CPEX's hardware and server architecture [were] capable of supporting foreseeable changes that may be necessary when the client load arrives. Continental [intended] to stay at least one step ahead of the marketplace."
Sprecher started Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) in 2000 as an online marketplace for energy trading in Atlanta—"a sort of eBay for energy." They sold equity stakes to "big hitters like Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley." The idea was to be a "competitor to Enron". "Specher's business model was to provide an electronic marketplace where buyers and sellers could trade directly". When Enron imploded, ICE soared."
Shortly after the company approached Enron to be a client, Enron started its own competing electricity trading platform, which dominated the market. Enron's market model was to buy from every seller and sell to every buyer. Wall Street bankers, particularly Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, backed him and he launched ICE in 2000 (giving 80 percent control to the two banks who, in turn, spread out the control among Shell, Total, and British Petroleum. When Enron's exchange collapsed in 2001 in the Enron scandal, ICE's business exploded.
Since then the company has expanded including the following acquisitions:
- International Petroleum Exchange in 2001
- New York Board of Trade in 2006
- Creditex in 2008
- The Clearing Corporation in 2009
- Climate Exchange in 2010
- NYSE Euronext in 2013
- In November 2013, ICE announced its acquisition of Singapore Mercantile Exchange
- SuperDerivatives in 2014
- "Doug Moe: No more anonymity for Jeff Sprecher after NYSE purchase : Wsj". Host.madison.com. 2013-01-06. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
- "IntercontinentalExchange, Inc. - Board of Directors". Ir.theice.com. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
- Chad Terhune (July 29, 2010). "ICE's Jeffrey Sprecher: The Sultan of Swaps". Bloomberg Business Week. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- Nathaniel Popper (January 19, 2013). "Buying the N.Y.S.E., in One Shot". New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- Miranda Green (December 20, 2012). "9 Fun Facts About the NYSE’s New Boss: The newest big shot in the New York financial world is a guy from Atlanta who studied chemical engineering and loves go-cart". The Daily Beast.
- D. Heise; D Tuck (August–September 1997). Continental Power Exchange. Distributed Object Computing (Report). pp. 30–36.
- doug_moe (January 6, 2013). "Doug Moe: No more anonymity for Jeff Sprecher after NYSE purchase". Wisconsin State Journal.
- Rothwell, Steve (December 20, 2012), "For the New York Stock Exchange, a sell order", San Jose Mercury News, Associated Press