|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit|
May 5, 2003
|Appointed by||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||David Nelson|
|Solicitor General of Ohio|
|Preceded by||Richard Cordray|
|Succeeded by||Edward Foley|
October 31, 1960 |
Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
|Education||Williams College (BA)
Ohio State University (JD)
Jeffrey Stuart Sutton (born October 31, 1960 in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia) is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.
Early life and career
Sutton received his B.A. from Williams College in 1983. After graduating from college and prior to law school, Sutton taught high school history and was the varsity soccer coach at The Columbus Academy, a private school in Gahanna, Ohio.
He received his law degree from The Ohio State University's Moritz College of Law in 1990. He then clerked for Judge Thomas Meskill of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in 1990–1991 and then on the United States Supreme Court for Justice Lewis Powell. However, since Justice Powell had assumed senior status, Sutton primarily worked under Antonin Scalia in 1991–1992.
Sutton was in private practice in Columbus from 1992 to 1995 and 1998 to 2003. Sutton was state solicitor for the state of Ohio from 1995 to 1998. He has also served as an adjunct professor of law at the Ohio State University Moritz College of Law since 1994 and more recently as a visiting lecturer at Harvard Law School. He teaches state constitutional law, a subject in which he is particularly interested and about which he has written repeatedly.
Sutton was first nominated by President George W. Bush on May 9, 2001 to a seat on the Sixth Circuit vacated by David A. Nelson. That nomination, made during the 107th United States Congress, never received a floor vote in the U.S. Senate. Sutton was not confirmed until almost two years later, on April 29, 2003, when the U.S. Senate of the 108th United States Congress voted 52 to 41 in favor of his confirmation to the Sixth Circuit. He received his commission on May 5, 2003. Sutton was the third judge nominated to the Sixth Circuit by Bush and confirmed by the United States Senate.
Judge Sutton has been recognized as the intellectual engine behind a conservative movement of the jurisprudence of the Sixth Circuit as the author of many majority en banc opinions representing the Republican-appointed judges. In June 2011, Sutton became the first Republican nominated judge to rule in favor of the health care mandate in President Barack Obama's Health Care law.
In November 2014, Sutton authored the 2-1 opinion ruling upholding same-sex marriage bans in Michigan, Kentucky, Ohio, and Tennessee in the Sixth Circuit reversing six previous federal district court rulings. The ruling was the second federal court ruling and the only Federal Court of Appeals ruling to uphold same-sex marriage bans after the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a portion of the Defense of Marriage Act in United States v. Windsor in June 2013. This ran counter to rulings by the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 4th, 7th, 9th and 10th circuits, which then led the U.S. Supreme Court to grant writ of certiorari to review same-sex marriage bans when it previously declined to do so. In Obergefell v. Hodges the Supreme Court reversed the decision of the Sixth Circuit.
Since joining the bench, Judge Sutton has been one of the most prolific feeder judges, sending a number of his law clerks to the Supreme Court.
- Courts as Change Agents: Do We Want More — Or Less?, 127 Harvard Law Review 1419 (2014)
- Barnette, Frankfurter, and Judicial Review, 96 Marquette Law Review 133 (2012)
- What Does—and Does Not—Ail State Constitutional Law, 59 U. Kan. L. Rev. 687 (2011).
- State Constitutional Law: The Modern Experience (2010) (with Randy J. Holland, Stephen R. McAllister, and Jeffrey M. Shaman).
- A Review of Richard Posner, How Judges Think (2008), 108 Mich. L. Rev. 859 (2010).
- The Role of History in Judging Disputes About the Meaning of the Constitution, 41 Tex. Tech L. Rev. 1173 (2009).
- Why Teach—And Why Study—State Constitutional Law, 34 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 165 (2009).
- San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez and its Aftermath, 94 Va. L. Rev. 1963 (2008).
- An Appellate Perspective on Federal Sentencing After Booker and Rita, 85 Denv. U. L. Rev. 79 (2007).
- Moritz College of Law – Faculty: The Honorable Jeffrey S. Sutton. Moritzlaw.osu.edu. Retrieved on 2012-06-25.
- Harvard Law School - Faculty: Jeffrey S. Sutton. Law.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2013-01-14.
- See, e.g., Holland, McAllister, Shaman, and Sutton, State Constitutional Law: The Modern Experience (2010); What Does—and Does Not—Ail State Constitutional Law, 59 U. Kan. L. Rev. 687 (2011).
- The Politics of the Federal Bench. Washingtonpost.com (2008-12-08). Retrieved on 2012-06-25.
- 6th Circuit Court of Appeals panel upholds individual mandate – Jennifer Haberkorn. Politico.Com. Retrieved on 2012-06-25.
- Denniston, Lyle. "Puerto Rico ban on same-sex marriage upheld". SCOTUSblog. Retrieved 2014-11-12.
- Wolf, Richard (7 November 2014). "Gay marriage bans in four states upheld, Supreme Court review likely". USA Today. Gannett. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Wolf, Richard (16 January 2015). "Supreme Court agrees to rule on Gay Marriage". USA Today. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- "Supreme Court Clerk Hiring Watch: Is October Term 2014 Filled Up? Plus A List Of Top Feeder Judges.". Above the Law. Retrieved 2015-10-10.
- Jeffrey Sutton at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit