Jeffreyston

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Jeffreyston
Jeffreyston church - geograph.org.uk - 1404139.jpg
Church of St Jeffrey and St Oswald
Jeffreyston is located in Pembrokeshire
Jeffreyston
Jeffreyston
Location within Pembrokeshire
Population574 (2011)
OS grid referenceSN089066
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townKILGETTY
Postcode districtSA68
Dialling code01646 651
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°44′N 4°46′W / 51.73°N 4.77°W / 51.73; -4.77Coordinates: 51°44′N 4°46′W / 51.73°N 4.77°W / 51.73; -4.77

Jeffreyston (also known as Jeffreston) is a village, parish and community in Pembrokeshire.

Jeffreyston lies on the B4586 road about 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of the main A477 St Clears to Pembroke road; the nearest town is Tenby about 6 miles (9.7 km) to the southeast.

Community[edit]

As well as Jeffreyston itself, the predominantly rural and agricultural community includes the settlements of Cresselly, Cresswell Quay, Loveston and Yerbeston.[1] In 2011 the community's population was 574.[2]

Cresselly[edit]

The name Cresselly probably originated as Croes Elli.[1]

Cresswell Quay[edit]

On the Cresswell River which flows into Milford Haven Waterway, Cresswell Quay has been a loading port for coal mined in the area for centuries; remains of the quays can still be seen.[1] The settlement is marked (as Creswel) on a 1578 parish map of Pembrokeshire.[3] To the north, on the left bank of the river, are the ruins of Cresswell Castle.[4]

Loveston[edit]

Loveston has its own church. Loveston pit disaster in 1936, in which seven colliers were drowned, brought an end to mining in the area.[1]

Parish[edit]

As well as Jeffreyston village, the parish includes the settlements of Cresselly and Cresswell Quay.[5]

The parish church is dedicated to St Jeffrey and St Oswald and is a Grade II* listed building.[6][7]

Cresselly House in the village of Cresselly is a Grade II* listed Georgian country house built around 1770, seat of the Allen family; it is now a country house hotel and wedding venue.[8][9]

Site of Special Scientific Interest[edit]

Jeffreyston Pastures is a SSSI south of Jeffreyston. It was designated as such in January 1996 in an attempt to protect its fragile biological elements. The site has an area of 15.72 hectares (38.8 acres) and is managed by Natural Resources Wales.[10]

School[edit]

St Oswald's Church in Wales VA School is in Jeffreyston.[11]

History[edit]

Anthracite and coal mining was carried out in the area, first recorded in the 13th century and continuing into the 20th century. Coal was shipped to Sussex from Cresswell Quay, where vessels up to about 80 tons could be loaded.[1][12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Pembrokeshire Town and Community Councils: Jeffreyston". Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Community population 2011". Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Penbrok comitat". British Library.
  4. ^ "Ordnance Survey". Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  5. ^ "GENUKI Parish Map 133". Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Church of St. Jeffrey and St. Oswald, Jeffreyston". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  7. ^ Cadw. "Church of St. Jeffrey and St. Oswald  (Grade II*) (6052)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  8. ^ "British listed buildings: Cresselly House". Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  9. ^ Cadw. "Cresselly House  (Grade II*) (15933)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  10. ^ Countryside Council for Wales website (Natural Resources Wales since 2013); Archived 2014-01-01 at the Wayback Machine accessdate: 30 December 2013
  11. ^ "Pembrokeshire County Council: St Oswald's Church in Wales VA School". Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  12. ^ "GENUKI: Jeffreyston". Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Coflein: Jeffreyston". Retrieved 28 March 2020.

External links[edit]