Jejomar Binay

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This article is about the current Philippine vice-president. For his son, see Jejomar Binay, Jr..
The Honourable
Jejomar Binay
Jejomar Binay
15th Vice President of the Philippines
Incumbent
Assumed office
June 30, 2010
President Benigno Aquino III
Preceded by Noli de Castro
Chairman of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council
In office
July 20, 2010 – June 22, 2015
Preceded by Noli de Castro
Mayor of Makati City
In office
June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010
Vice Mayor Ernesto Mercado
Preceded by Elenita Binay
Succeeded by Jejomar Binay, Jr.
In office
February 2, 1988 – June 30, 1998
Preceded by Sergio S. Santos
Succeeded by Elenita Binay
In office
February 27, 1986 – December 1987
Preceded by Nemesio I. Yabut
Succeeded by Sergio S. Santos
Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
In office
1990–1991
Preceded by Position established; Succeeded position of Governor of Manila, held by Imelda Marcos
Succeeded by Ignacio Bunye
In office
1998–2001
Preceded by Prospero Oreta
Succeeded by Benjamin Abalos
Personal details
Born Jesus Jose Cabauatan Binay[1][Note 1]
(1942-11-11) November 11, 1942 (age 72)[Note 2]
Paco, Manila, Philippines
Nationality PhilippinesFilipino
Political party UNA (2012–present)
PDP-Laban (2001–2014)
UNO (2005–2010)
Spouse(s) Elenita Binay
Children Nancy Binay
Mar-Len Abigail Binay-Campos
Jejomar Binay, Jr.
Marita Angeline Binay-Alcantara
Joanna Marie Blanca Binay
Residence Brgy. San Antonio, Makati City
Alma mater University of the Philippines
Occupation Lawyer
Politician
Civil Servant
Religion Roman Catholicism
Website Office of the Vice President

Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan Binay, Sr. was born in Paco, Manila as Jesus Jose Cabauatan Binay on November 11, 1949 to Diego Medrano Binay and Lourdes Gatan. He is the fifteenth Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines under President Benigno S. Aquino III. He is also currently serving as the president of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines.

He was appointed by former President Corazon Aquino as officer-in-charge of Makati City from 1986-1987. After his assignment, he was elected as Makati City mayor from 1988-1998.[2] During this term, he acted as MMDA chairman from 1990 to 1991. In 2001, he was reelected as mayor until the end of his term in 2010.[3] He resigned as Chairman of the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council and as Presidential Adviser on Overseas Filipino Workers in June 22, 2015.[4]

Binay is a member of the United Nationalist Alliance (UNA), which is a coalition between the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino and the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino - Lakas ng Bayan. It was founded as an electoral alliance in 2012, and later became an official political party in 2014.

Early life and education[edit]

He is the younger of two children of Diego "Jego" Medrano Binay, a librarian from Bauan, Batangas, and Lourdes Gatan Cabauatan (died January 2, 1951 in Pasay City),[5] a school teacher from Cabagan, Isabela. He had an older sibling who died before he was born making him the only child who survived childhood.[1] After being orphaned at the age of nine, he was adopted by his uncle, Ponciano Binay.[6][7]

High School[edit]

Binay finished basic education at the Philippine Normal College Training Department and graduated from the University of the Philippines Preparatory School.

College[edit]

He went to the University of the Philippines Diliman for college and graduated in 1962 with a degree in Political Science.

Higher studies[edit]

He continued on to the UP College of Law and graduated in 1967 then pass the board examinations in 1968. He got a masters degree from the University of Sto. Tomas in 1980 and a masters degree in National Security Administration from the National Defense College of the Philippines. He took up Strategic Economic Program in the Center for Research and Communication. He enrolled in a Non-Resident and General Staff Course at the Command and General Staff College, AFP and joined the seniors executive fellow program at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. He earned a doctorate in Public Administration (Honoris Causa) from the Polytechnic University of the Philippines. In 1993, he received a diploma in Land Use Program from the University of the Philippines. In 1996, he finished the Top Management Program at the Asian Institute of Management in Bali, Indonesia. He also took up the Joint Services and Command Staff course in the AFP. He also has a Masters Degree in Management at the Philippine Christian University and a diploma in Environmental and Natural Resources Management from the University of the Philippines Open University.

Legal career[edit]

Upon taking and passing the Bar exam, Binay chose a different path of being lawyer, that of being a human rights lawyer. During the Martial Law period, he lawyered for the political prisoners detained unjustly by the Marcos regime in the 1970s.

Soon, he co founded along with other fellow human rights lawyers like Joker Arroyo and Rene Saguisag, a national movement of lawyers known as MABINI to coordinate their efforts in advancing the cause of nationalism and, on protecting human rights.

For helping political prisoners, many MABINI lawyers, including Binay, were imprisoned.[8]

Political career[edit]

Mayor of Makati City (February 27, 1986 – June 30, 1998)[edit]

On February 27, 1986, Binay became one of President Corazon Aquino’s first appointed local officials after Mayor Nemesio I. Yabut died while in office during the EDSA Revolution.[9] He was elected in his own right on January 18, 1988 and was reelected on May 11, 1992 and on May 8, 1995.

He joined pro-democracy forces in preventing the mutinies against the Aquino administration from being successful. His active role in the defense of the Constitution earned him the nickname "Rambotito" (or little Rambo, after the screen hero), the Outstanding Achievement Medal and a special commendation from Aquino.

MMDA Chairman (1990-1991)[edit]

During his first term as mayor, Binay was also elected by the mayors in Metro Manila as chairman of the Metro Manila Authority, which was a precursor to the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA). He served from 1990 to 1991.

MMDA headquarters at the corner of EDSA and Orense St. in Makati

In 1998, he was appointed chairman of the MMDA with cabinet rank under the administration of President Joseph Estrada. He was also appointed as vice-chairman of the Pasig River Rehabilitation Commission.

Mayor of Makati City (June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010)[edit]

Binay in a meeting with municipal mayors held on September 20, 2010

On May 14, 2001, Binay reclaimed his post as mayor of Makati, winning over actor, TV host, and then-vice mayor Edu Manzano via landslide and became a critic of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. He won his second term on May 10, 2004 by a landslide against 1st district Councilor Oscar Ibay. He ran for his third and last term as mayor May 14, 2007 and won again by a landslide, beating incumbent Senator and actor Lito Lapid. His margin over Lapid has been considered as the largest margin in a local election in Makati City.[8]

Vice Presidency (2010-present)[edit]

Campaign[edit]

Binay initially announced his bid for the presidency for the 2010 elections during his 66th birthday celebration at the Makati City Hall on November 11, 2008 but abandoned his bid in order to give way to the reelection bid of former President Estrada. He eventually became Estrada’s running mate and ran under the banner of Partido ng Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-LABAN).

He initially showed a relatively poor performance in the public opinion polls, trailing behind Senators Loren Legarda and Mar Roxas, who was heavily favored to win the race, but his standings improved as the elections approached, overtaking Legarda and tying with Roxas in the final survey conducted.[10][11] He went on to narrowly defeat Roxas in the election by 700,000 votes.

Roxas filed an election protest before the Presidential Electoral Tribunal of the Supreme Court, which is still currently pending.

Vice President[edit]

Binay took his oath as Vice President on June 30, 2010, becoming the first local government official to do so.

He was appointed as chairman of the Housing Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) by President Noynoy Aquino, the same position held by his predecessor, Vice-President Noli de Castro and Presidential Adviser for OFW Concerns. He also heads the Task Force OFW which helps Overseas Filipino Workers who were maltreated by their employers to return to the Philippines with the assistance of the government.

2016 Philippine Presidential Bid[edit]

He is widely considered to be the frontrunner among presidential candidates for the Philippine general election, 2016, with Senator Grace Poe often coming in at a distant second.[12][13][14]

Speculation as to who his running mate will be come 2016 have seen fingers pointed in many directions, including the likes of PLDT Chairman Manuel V. Pangilinan,[15] Senator Jinggoy Estrada,[16] Rep. Manny Pacquiao,[17] Nacionalista Party President Manny Villar,[18] and Batangas Governor Vilma Santos.[19]

Controversies[edit]

Graft Charges (2006)[edit]

In October 2006, the Department of the Interior and Local Government issued a suspension order against then Makati Mayor Jejomar Binay, Vice Mayor Ernesto Mercado, and all members of the City Council following an accusation of 'ghost employees' on the city payroll by former Vice Mayor Roberto Brillante, a political rival.[20] Refusing to cooperate with the suspension order, he barricaded himself inside the Makati City Hall. Among those who expressed support were former President Corazon Aquino, actress Susan Roces - the widow of the late movie star and 2004 opposition presidential candidate Fernando Poe Jr. - and several Catholic bishops.[21][22] After a three-day stand-off, the Court of Appeals issued a temporary restraining order. Before it lapsed, the court issued an injunction order, thereby preventing the Office of the President from enforcing its suspension order until the case was resolved.[23]

Binay - together with his wife, Elenita, and nine others - was upheld by the courts in a graft case filed by the Office of the Ombudsman over allegations of overpricing in the purchase of office furniture. Allegedly, he had irregular purchases worth PhP 232 million from the years 1991-2006. The case was also filed by Brillante, who at that time was leading in Makati a Palace-supported signature campaign to amend the Constitution. The Sandiganbayan Third Division dismissed the graft case filed against him and his six co-accused for lack of factual basis even prior to Binay's arraignment.[24] Critics claim the suspension order was intended to distract attention from the government's own scandals.[25]

BIR Debt (2007)[edit]

On May 2, 2007 the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) froze all the bank accounts of the city government of Makati and the personal accounts of then Mayor Binay and then Vice Mayor Mercado.

The BIR issued the order after it said the city still owed the BIR PhP 1.1 billion in withholding taxes of city employees from 1999 to 2002. BIR revenue officer Roberto Baquiran signed and issued the warrant of garnishment against the bank accounts that belonged to Binay, Mercado, the city government and the city’s treasurer and accountant.

The city government protested the garnishment order, saying the city had already paid PhP 200 million to the BIR as part of a settlement agreement agreed to by Finance Secretary Margarito Teves and former BIR chief Jose Buñag. The city also said the order was flawed, since Baquiran had no authority to issue writs of garnishment and freezing the personal accounts of Binay and Mercado were also unlawful.[26][27]

The garnishment orders were eventually lifted by Malacañang Palace, but not after Binay slammed the move as politically motivated and patently illegal.[28][29]

Ordered by the Court of Tax Appeals (CTA), Binay was made to pay the deficiency in taxes amounting to more than PhP 1.1 billion to the BIR, in December 2009.

Binay's camp claimed and accused former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo of political harassment. Because of this, as per the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), a suspension order was served against Binay over alleged corruption. The latter said that the tax obligations were already settled between the BIR and the Makati City government.

And again, barely a week before the local elections, the Ombudsman suspended him based on allegations made by a local candidate allied with Malacañan. It would be revealed that the charges were supported by falsified statements. In a repeat of the October 2006 incident, heavily armed policemen barged into the City Hall after office hours, forcibly opening the offices and occupying the building. he confronted police officials and representatives of the Department of Interior and Local Government, while hundreds of supporters once again swarmed the city hall quadrangle to show their support.[30]

The suspension order generated national media attention, and prompted even administration senatorial candidates to protest publicly, saying the action further undermined their chances in the elections.[31] In the election that followed, Binay and his entire slate in the polls won by a landslide.[32] The opposition slate for the Senate eventually won by a landslide.[33]

Extramarital Affair and Leak of Personal Information (2010)[edit]

A photo of then Vice Presidential candidate and former Makati City Mayor Binay, with his rumored mistress, was leaked online.

Though he admitted to having an extramarital affair, he said that the leaked photo was part of "black propaganda" against him, because of his high ratings in the Vice Presidential survey conducted prior to the leaking of the photo.

The alleged "black propaganda" device had little to no effect on the campaign of Binay, who closed the gap of votes between him and leading Vice Presidential candidate Senator Manuel "Mar" Roxas II in a formerly conducted survey. Despite the issue, Binay's landslide victory landed him the position of Vice President.[34]

Corruption Allegations (2014-present)[edit]

Makati City Hall Building II

The following are corruption allegations against Binay dating from 2014–present:

Investigations regarding all these allegations of corruption are being done by the Department of Justice (DOJ), the Philippine Senate, and the Office of the Ombudsman.


Notes[edit]

1.^[Note 1] His name was supposed to be Jesus Jose Maria Cabauatan Binay, but Maria was not added in his birth certificate.
2.^[Note 2] According to his birth certificate, he was born on November 10, 1942.[1] However according to his official documents, he was born on November 11, 1942, which is the date he personally prefers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Jejomar Binay's Birth Certificate
  2. ^ "Profile of Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan Binay | ABS-CBN News". www.abs-cbnnews.com. Retrieved 2015-07-03. 
  3. ^ "Profile of Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan Binay | ABS-CBN News". www.abs-cbnnews.com. Retrieved 2015-07-03. 
  4. ^ "LOOK: VP Binay's one-sentence resignation letter". Retrieved 2015-07-03. 
  5. ^ Lourdes Binay's Death Certificate
  6. ^ "Biography of Hon. Jejomar C. Binay, City Mayor". City of Makati. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "Vice President Jejomar "Jojo" C. Binay". Office of the Vice President of the Philippines. Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Makati City Government official website, Biography of Hon. Jejomar C. Binay,
  9. ^ "Jejomar C Binay". World Mayor. City Mayors Foundation. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  10. ^ Binay overtakes Legarda in VP race. ABS-CBNNews.com. April 29, 2010
  11. ^ Christian Esguerra and Philip Tubeza Binay ties Roxas; Aquino pulls away. Inquirer.net. 05/07/2010
  12. ^ http://www.rappler.com/nation/56725-binay-runaway-winner-pulse-asia-poll
  13. ^ http://blogs.wsj.com/searealtime/2014/07/10/in-philippines-vice-president-stands-out-for-2016-race/
  14. ^ http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2014/07/19/1347910/binay-tops-poll-presidential-bets-grace-2nd
  15. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uR0fbR0ygOM
  16. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2TsMrNUpJzE
  17. ^ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/382405/news/nation/vp-binay-open-to-manny-pacquiao-as-2016-running-mate-but
  18. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xpObaU9km3A
  19. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-AkDmUz323U
  20. ^ Michael Punongbayan Binay suspended for 60 days. Philstar.com. October 18, 2006
  21. ^ Maila Ager, Veronica Uy, Thea Alberto Allies rush to embattled Binay’s side. Inquirer.net. 10/17/2006
  22. ^ Erap to Palace: Stop harassing opposition. Philstar.com. October 18, 2006
  23. ^ CA stops Binay’s suspension. Philstar.com. Updated October 20, 2006
  24. ^ Norman Bordadora Sandigan Bayan clears Binay of graft charge. Inquirer.net. 10/31/2006
  25. ^ Binay’s suspension a political vendetta. Inquirer.net. 10/19/2006
  26. ^ DJ Yap Assets seizure could hurt City Hall – Binay. Inquirer.net. 05/04/2007
  27. ^ Michael Punongbayan and Jose Rodel Clapano Suspension for Binay. Philstar.com. May 05, 2007
  28. ^ DJ Yap and Fe Zamora Palace retreats on Binay. Inquirer.net. 05/07/2007
  29. ^ Daxim Lucas BIR unfreezes Makati funds. Inquirer.net. 05/06/2007
  30. ^ Julie M. Aurelio, Tarra Quismundo Binay questions suspension order. Inquirer.net. 05/05/2007
  31. ^ Sandy Araneta Binay questions suspension. Philstar.com. May 09, 2007
  32. ^ DJ Yap (UPDATE 2) Binay is reelected Makati mayor. Inquirer.net. 05/17/2007
  33. ^ 10 senators proclaimed. Philippine Fiesta. Volume 6 No. 3. June 8–21, 2007
  34. ^ "BIR to probe Makati City gov't". Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  35. ^ http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/643379/mercado-hacienda-binays-bigger-than-luneta-araneta-center
  36. ^ http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/10/08/14/binay-owns-mansions-tagaytay-batangas-mercado
  37. ^ http://globalbalita.com/2014/11/06/the-unexplained-wealth-of-jejomar-binay-vice-president/
  38. ^ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/378080/news/metromanila/contractor-of-overpriced-makati-building-also-building-condo-rep-binay-won-in-raffle
  39. ^ http://www.philstar.com/metro/571869/binay-son-asked-explain-p50-million-makati-house
  40. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v http://manilastandardtoday.com/2014/10/18/binay-needs-to-resolve-his-image/
  41. ^ a b http://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/investigative/69161-lord-makati-binay-explain-wealth
  42. ^ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/18352/news/nation/binay-foes-witnesses-to-expose-ghost-workers

External links[edit]