Jelle Zijlstra

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His Excellency
Jelle Zijlstra
Jelle Zijlstra 1966.jpg
42nd Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
22 November 1966 – 5 April 1967
Monarch Juliana
Deputy Jan de Quay
Barend Biesheuvel
Preceded by Jo Cals
Succeeded by Piet de Jong
President of the Central Bank of the Netherlands
In office
1 August 1967 – 1 January 1982
Preceded by Marius Holtrop
Succeeded by Wim Duisenberg
Minister of Finance
In office
22 November 1966 – 5 April 1967
Prime Minister Jelle Zijlstra
Preceded by Anne Vondeling
Succeeded by Johan Witteveen
In office
22 December 1958 – 24 July 1963
Prime Minister Louis Beel (1958–1959)
Jan de Quay (1959–1963)
Preceded by Henk Hofstra
Succeeded by Johan Witteveen
Member of the Senate
In office
25 June 1963 – 22 November 1966
Leader of the Anti Revolutionary Party
In office
29 December 1958 – 26 May 1959
Preceded by Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Succeeded by Sieuwert Bruins Slot
In office
23 April 1956 – 3 October 1956
Preceded by Jan Schouten
Succeeded by Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
1 July 1956 – 3 October 1956
Parliamentary leader of the Anti Revolutionary Party in the House of Representatives
In office
14 June 1956 – 3 October 1956
Preceded by Jan Schouten
Succeeded by Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Minister of Economic Affairs
In office
2 September 1952 – 19 May 1959
Prime Minister Willem Drees (1952–1958)
Louis Beel (1958–1959)
Preceded by Jan van den Brink
Succeeded by Jan Willem de Pous
Personal details
Born Jelle Zijlstra
(1918-08-27)27 August 1918
Oosterbierum, Netherlands
Died 23 December 2001(2001-12-23) (aged 83)
Wassenaar, Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Political party Christian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Anti Revolutionary Party (until 1980)
Spouse(s) Hetty Bloksma
(m. 1946-2001; his death)
Children 3 daughters and 2 sons
Alma mater Erasmus University Rotterdam (Master of Economics, Doctor of Philosophy)
Occupation Politician
Economist
Banker
Corporate director
Author
Professor
Religion Reformed Churches in the Netherlands
Awards Order of the Netherlands Lion
(Knight Grand Cross)
Order of Orange-Nassau
(Knight Grand Cross)
Military service
Allegiance The Netherlands
Service/branch Royal Netherlands Army
Years of service 1939–1940
Rank Private Private
Battles/wars

World War II

Jelle Zijlstra (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈjɛlə ˈzɛilstraː]; 27 August 1918 – 23 December 2001) was a Dutch politician of the now defunct Anti Revolutionary Party (ARP) which merged in 1977 into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA). He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 22 November 1966 until 5 April 1967.[1][2]

An economist by occupation, he became a professor of Economics at the Vrije Universiteit at the age of thirty in 1948. Zijlstra was asked to become Minister of Economic Affairs after the Dutch general election of 1952 in the Cabinet Drees II under Prime Minister Willem Drees of the Labour Party, he resigned as a professor the same day he took office as the new Minister of Economic Affairs on 2 September 1952. Zijlstra became the lijsttrekker (top candidate) of the Anti Revolutionary Party for the Dutch general election of 1956 and served as Party leader from 23 April 1956 to 3 October 1956, and as the Parliamentary leader of the Anti Revolutionary Party in the House of Representatives from 14 June 1956 to 3 October 1956 and a Member of the House of Representatives from 3 July 1956 to 3 October 1956. After a slow cabinet formation the Cabinet Drees III was formed and Zijlstra remained as Minister of Economic Affairs. The Cabinet Drees III fell on 22 December 1958 and a caretaker cabinet was formed by former Prime Minister Louis Beel of the Catholic People's Party. Zijlstra remained as Minister of Economic Affairs and dual served as Minister of Finance in the Cabinet Beel II. Zijlstra again became the lijsttrekker for the Anti Revolutionary Party during the Dutch general election of 1959, and served as Party leader of the Anti Revolutionary Party a second time from 29 December 1958 until 26 May 1959. After a quicker formation the new Cabinet De Quay was formed on 19 May 1959. Zijlstra remained as Minister of Finance under the new Prime Minister Jan de Quay of the Catholic People's Party, and served until 14 July 1963 when the Cabinet Marijnen was installed.

Zijlstra became a Member of the Senate on 25 June 1963 and returned to the Vrije Universiteit as an associate professor of Public finances. On 14 October 1966 the Cabinet Cals the successor of the Cabinet Marijnen fell after the Party leader of the Catholic People's Party Norbert Schmelzer proposed a Motion of no confidence against the Cabinet Cals and Prime Minister Jo Cals who was a member of his own party. The Dutch political landscape was fractured and Zijlstra was asked to form a caretaker cabinet which had the main task to write out an early Dutch general election in 1967. Zijlstra became Prime Minister of the Netherlands and Minister of General Affairs on 22 November 1966 and resigned as a Member of the Senate. Zijlstra dual served as Minister of Finance leading the Cabinet Zijlstra until 5 April 1967 when the Cabinet De Jong was installed.

After his premiership, Zijlstra retired from active politics at the age of forty-eight and became the President of the Central Bank of the Netherlands, serving from 1 May 1967 until 1 January 1982. On 16 September 1966 he was already named as President of the Central Bank of the Netherlands but his unexpected premiership delayed this. Zijlstra also occupied numerous seats on supervisory boards in the business and industry world. Zijlstra was widely respected for his expertise and integrity, and was a godparent of King Willem-Alexander. On 30 April 1983 he was granted the honorary title of Minister of State, which he held until his death.[3][4]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Jelle Zijlstra was born on 27 August 1918 in Oosterbierum in the Netherlands Province of Friesland in a Reformed family, the son of Ane Jelle Zijlstra (born 14 November 1879) and Pietje Postuma (born 6 March 1897), both his parents were also born in Oosterbierum. After completing his secondary education he studied at the Netherlands School of Economics the predecessor of the Erasmus University Rotterdam. His studies were interrupted twice: first by his period of military service and later when he had to go into hiding in 1942 after refusing to sign the loyalty oath required of students by the Nazi occupation authorities. Even so, he completed his economics degree in October 1945 as a Master of Economics.

Jelle Zijlstra as Minister of Finance his wife Hetty Bloksma during Prinsjesdag in 1961.
Jelle Zijlstra as Prime Minister of the Netherlands during first meeting of his cabinet in 1966.

Immediately after graduating, Zijlstra became a research assistant at the Netherlands School of Economics and was promoted a year later to senior research assistant and in 1947 to lecturer. In 1948 he was awarded a doctorate as a Doctor of Philosophy with cum laude for his thesis on the rate of circulation of money and its bearing on the value of money and monetary equilibrium. In the same year he was appointed professor of economics at the Vrije Universiteit.

Politics[edit]

He was already a member of the Anti Revolutionary Party. Representing this party he became between 2 September 1952 and 24 July 1963, successively Minister of Economic Affairs in the Cabinets Drees II, Drees III and Beel II. And Minister of Finance in the Cabinets Beel II and De Quay.

Following his ministerial career, Zijlstra returned to the Vrije Universiteit as professor of public finance, though he also served between 1963 and 1966 as a member of the Senate. In 1973 Zijlstra became member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.[5] After the fall of the Cabinet Cals, Zijlstra headed an interim government as Prime Minister of the Netherlands and Minister of Finance between 22 November 1966 until 5 April 1967.

From 1967 until the end of 1981 he was President of the Central Bank of the Netherlands and in the course of that period also President of the Bank for International Settlements in Basel. He has sat on many boards in the public and private sectors.

Personal[edit]

On 11 March 1946 Zijlstra married his childhood sweetheart Hetty Bloksma (born 1921). They had three daughters and two sons, who were born between 1947 and 1961. Jelle Zijlstra died in Wassenaar on 23 December 2001 at the age of eighty-three, the last months of life were dominated by his deteriorating health, and he suffered from increasing memory loss. Zijlstra was buried at the cemetery of the local Reformed Church in Wassenaar. It is not known whether his widow is still alive as of 2015. His younger brother Rinse Zijlstra (born 19 April 1927) was also a Member of the House of Representatives, serving from 23 February 1967 until 10 May 1971 and a Member of the Senate serving from 12 April 1983 until 13 June 1995 for the Anti Revolutionary Party and the Christian Democratic Appeal.[6]

Decorations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Dutch) Jelle Zijlstra (1918-2001) Biografie, Absolutefacts.nl, February 19, 2005
  2. ^ (Dutch) Jelle Zijlstra, Christen-Democratisch Appèl, September 22, 2010
  3. ^ (Dutch) Jelle Zijlstra: intellectuele schatkistbewaker, Elsevier, 14 June 2011
  4. ^ (Dutch) De no-nonsense van Jelle Zijlstra, Historischnieuwsblad.nl, 19 August 2011
  5. ^ "Jelle Zijlstra (1918 - 2001)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  6. ^ (Dutch) Vergeten volksvertegenwoordigers: dr. Jelle Zijlstra, @Geschiedenisgek, 24 August 2011
  7. ^ (German) Reply to a parliamentary question, Parlament.gv.at, 2 October 2012

External links[edit]

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jan Schouten
Leader of the Anti Revolutionary Party
1956
Succeeded by
Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Preceded by
Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Leader of the Anti Revolutionary Party
1958-1959
Succeeded by
Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Preceded by
Jan Schouten
Parliamentary leader of the Anti Revolutionary Party
in the House of Representatives

1956
Succeeded by
Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Government offices
Preceded by
Jan van den Brink
Minister of Economic Affairs
1952–1959
Succeeded by
Jan Willem de Pous
Preceded by
Henk Hofstra
Minister of Finance
1958–1963
Succeeded by
Johan Witteveen
Preceded by
Anne Vondeling
Minister of Finance
1966–1967
Succeeded by
Johan Witteveen
Preceded by
Jo Cals
Minister of General Affairs
1966–1967
Succeeded by
Piet de Jong
Civic offices
Preceded by
Marius Holtrop
President of the Central Bank of the Netherlands
1967–1982
Succeeded by
Wim Duisenberg
Political offices
Preceded by
Jo Cals
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
1966–1967
Succeeded by
Piet de Jong

Template:Second Beel cabinet Template:Third Drees cabinet Template:Second Drees cabinet