Jellico, Tennessee

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Jellico, Tennessee
City
North Main Street
North Main Street
Jellico is located in Tennessee
Jellico
Jellico
Coordinates: 36°34′57″N 84°7′50″W / 36.58250°N 84.13056°W / 36.58250; -84.13056Coordinates: 36°34′57″N 84°7′50″W / 36.58250°N 84.13056°W / 36.58250; -84.13056
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Campbell
Founded 1878[1]
Incorporated 1883[1]
Named for Jellico coal
Area
 • Total 6.4 sq mi (16.5 km2)
 • Land 6.3 sq mi (16.3 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 982 ft (298 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,355
 • Density 373/sq mi (144.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 37762
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-38020[2]
GNIS feature ID 1289336[3]
Website www.jellico.us

Jellico is a city in Campbell County, Tennessee, United States, on the state border with Kentucky, 58 miles (93 km) by road north of Knoxville. The population was 2,355 at the 2010 census.[4] It contains a memorial park, a church and cemetery, and Jellico Community Hospital, which is the town's largest employer with approximately 350 employees.

History[edit]

The name "Jellico" is a regional corruption of "Angelica", an herb that grows in abundance in the surrounding mountains. The name was first applied to the mountains to the west and to the mountains' main drainage, Jellico Creek, which passes 5 miles (8 km) west of the city of Jellico and empties into the Cumberland River near Williamsburg, Kentucky. In the early 1880s, a high quality bituminous coal was discovered in the Jellico Mountains, and with the completion of railroad tracks to the area in 1883, coal mines quickly sprang up throughout the area. The city of Jellico was initially founded as "Smithburg" in 1878, but changed its name to "Jellico" in 1883 to capitalize on the growing popularity of Jellico coal. The city was incorporated on March 7, 1883.[1]

Throughout the 1890s and early 1900s, Jellico was one of the most productive coal fields in Kentucky and Tennessee. In 1906, a railroad car packed with dynamite exploded in Jellico, killing eight and destroying part of the town.[1] The town quickly recovered, however, and many of the buildings in the Main Street area date from this period.

Historic district[edit]

In 1999, much of North and South Main Street was placed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Jellico Commercial Historic District.

Geography[edit]

A child laborer at Proctor Coal near Jellico, 1910. Photo by Lewis Hine.

Jellico is located along the northern border of Tennessee at 36°34′57″N 84°7′50″W / 36.58250°N 84.13056°W / 36.58250; -84.13056 (36.582627, -84.130608).[5] The city is situated amidst the Cumberland Mountains in the valley of Elk Creek, which flows north into Kentucky. Jellico spans the western bases and slopes of three steep hills that split the Elk Creek valley from the larger Clear Fork valley to the east. A prominent knob known as Indian Mountain rises nearly 1,000 feet (300 m) above Jellico to the west, and is visible from most of the city. The larger Jellico Mountain dominates the area beyond Indian Mountain to the west, and Pine Mountain dominates the area beyond the Clear Fork Valley to the east.

Indian Mountain viewed from Jellico

Jellico is centered around the junction of U.S. Route 25W (North Main Street and 5th Street), which connects Jellico to Interstate 75 to the southeast and Corbin, Kentucky, to the north, and Tennessee State Route 297 (South Main Street), which connects Jellico with Huntsville to the southwest. The Tennessee-Kentucky state line forms Jellico's official northern boundary, although houses and businesses associated with the city are on both sides of the border.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 square miles (16.5 km2), of which 6.3 square miles (16.3 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.2 km2), or 1.15%, is water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 758
1900 1,283 69.3%
1910 1,862 45.1%
1920 1,878 0.9%
1930 1,530 −18.5%
1940 1,581 3.3%
1950 1,556 −1.6%
1960 2,210 42.0%
1970 2,235 1.1%
1980 2,798 25.2%
1990 2,447 −12.5%
2000 2,448 0.0%
2010 2,355 −3.8%
Est. 2014 2,279 [6] −3.2%
Sources:[7][8]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,448 people, 1,022 households, and 657 families residing in the city. The population density was 561.7 people per square mile (216.8/km²). There were 1,105 housing units at an average density of 253.5 per square mile (97.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.24% White, 1.96% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.65% Asian, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population.

There were 1,022 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 82.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,303, and the median income for a family was $25,709. Males had a median income of $27,619 versus $16,953 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,587. About 28.8% of families and 31.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.3% of those under age 18 and 23.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Jellico Community Hospital is the largest employer with approximately 350 employees.

On October 18, 2012, WATE-TV television reported that Jellico was "broke" and that "city employees had not been paid."[9]

There are several restaurants, hotels/motels and gas stations located off Jellico's exit of Interstate 75, Exit 160.

Religion[edit]

Since 1922, Jellico has been the home of the denominational headquarters for the Church of God Mountain Assembly, a holiness Pentecostal Christian denomination.

Notable people[edit]

Jellico was the childhood home of Grace Moore, soprano star of opera, musical theatre, and film, and Homer Rodeheaver, hymnwriter, trombonist, and pioneer in the recording of sacred music.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d James Hayden Siler, "The History of Jellico." Unpublished manuscript, c. 1938. Retrieved: 6 October 2008.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Jellico city, Tennessee". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 2, 2015. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  8. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Josh Ault, "City of Jellico is broke; city workers not getting paid." WATE TV6, c. 2012. Retrieved: 18 October 2012.

External links[edit]