|Alternative names||Peace babies|
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Region or state||Sheffield, England|
|Cookbook: Jelly Babies Media: Jelly Babies|
Jelly Babies are a type of soft sugar jelly sweet, shaped as plump babies in a variety of colours. They were first manufactured in Lancashire, England in the 19th century. Their popularity waned in England before being revived by Bassett's of Sheffield, Yorkshire who were responsible for mass-producing Jelly Babies from 1918.
'Jelly Babies' are known at least since advertisements by Riches Confectionery Company of 22 Duke St, London Bridge in 1885, along with a variety of other baby-sweets including 'Tiny Totties' and 'Sloper's Babies'. But the pricing of these at a farthing each suggests that they were very much larger than the modern Jelly Baby.
Sweets called "unclaimed babies", which may pre-date Jelly babies, are known to have been produced by Thomas Fryer of Nelson in Lancashire, and seem to have been hugely popular in the early 20th Century. in 1939 it was reported that, of all the comforts sent to troops abroad; "the sweets which are in greatest demand are those which we all know as 'unclaimed babies'".
An uncorroborated, but widely reproduced, story is related in The History of Temptation by Tim Richardson (2002) that the sweets were invented in 1864 by an Austrian immigrant working at Fryers of Lancashire and that in 1918 they were produced by Bassett's in Sheffield as "Peace Babies" to mark the end of World War I. Production was suspended during World War II due to wartime shortages. In 1953 the product was relaunched as "Jelly Babies".
The most noted modern manufacturer of Jelly Babies, Bassett's, now allocate individual name, shape, colour and flavour to different 'babies': Brilliant (red - strawberry), Bubbles (yellow - lemon), Baby Bonny (pink - raspberry), Boofuls (green - lime), Bigheart (black - blackcurrant) and Bumper (orange). The introduction of different shapes and names was an innovation, circa 1989, prior to which all colours of jelly baby were a uniform shape. In 2007, Bassett's jelly babies changed to include only natural colours and ingredients.
There are many brands of jelly babies, as well as supermarket own brands. A line of sweets called Jellyatrics were launched by Barnack Confectionery Ltd to commemorate the Jelly Baby's 80th birthday.
Like most other gummi sweets, they contain gelatin. Jelly babies manufactured in the United Kingdom tend to be dusted in starch which is left over from the manufacturing process where it is used to aid release from the mould. Jelly babies of Australian manufacture generally lack this coating.
Jelly babies are similar in appearance to gummi bears, which are better known outside the United Kingdom, though the texture is different.
In popular culture
In 1962, Jelly Babies were referred to as "those kids' candies" in a Supercar episode; "Operation Superstork". When Beatlemania broke out in 1963, fans of The Beatles pelted the band with jelly babies (or, in the US, the much harder jelly beans) after it was reported that George Harrison liked eating them.
In the British television programme Doctor Who, jelly babies were often mentioned in the classic series as a confection the Doctor, an alien time traveller, favoured. First seen being consumed by the Second Doctor, they became most associated with Tom Baker's Fourth Doctor, who had a predilection for offering them to strangers in order to defuse tense situations (and in one episode bluffing another alien into thinking them a weapon). The Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Eleventh, and Twelfth Doctors also offered them up in different episodes. The Doctor's nemesis the Master in "The Sound of Drums" offers them to his wife on board the Valiant. In the series, they were often identified simply by the fact the Doctor (and later the Master) usually carried them around in a simple brown paper bag. The Twelfth Doctor, however, carried his in a cigarette case.
In May 2013 Australian singer Alison Hams released "Jelly Baby Song" - its content alluding to the consumption of jelly babies by type 1 diabetics to overcome hypoglycaemic episodes - as a way to raise awareness for type 1 diabetes for JDRF Australia (Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation) who sell especially-packaged jelly babies as the focus of their annual "Jelly Baby Month" campaign.
In 2009, a poll of 4,000 British adults voted jelly babies their 6th favourite sweet.
- "Sweet success: Unravelling the Jelly Baby's dark past". BBC. 28 December 2014.
- Lloyd's Weekly Magazine, March 23, 1885
- Foods of England http://www.foodsofengland.co.uk/jellybabies.htm
- 'Burnley Express' reported on 16th December 1939
- Sweets: The History of Temptation, Tim Richardson, Random House, 2002, ISBN 9780553814460
- "Confectionery giants cut use of artificial additives".
- Martin, Nicole (18 March 1999). "Jellyatrics revive those sweet memories". Irish Independent.
- Supercar episodes
- "Letter reveals The Beatles' fear of jelly baby fans" Daily Mirror 15/05/2009
- "George Harrison's 1963 plea: stop throwing jelly babies at Beatles" The Times 14 May 2009
- "The secret life of jelly beans" LA Times 19 March 2008
- Jelly Baby Song
- Baby Song Lyrics.pdf
- JDRF media release, 30 April 2013
- JDRF "Jelly Baby Month"
- Chris Irvine (27 August 2009). "Fizzy cola bottle named Britain's favourite sweet of all time". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 1 April 2012.