Jelly bean

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Jelly bean
Jelly bean flavor and color assortment
Place of originBoston, Massachusetts, United States
Created byWilliam Schrafft

Jelly beans are small bean-shaped sugar candies with soft candy shells and thick gel interiors (see gelatin and jelly). The confection is primarily made of sugar and sold in a wide variety of colors and flavors.


It has been claimed that jelly beans were first mentioned during 1861, when Boston confectioner William Schrafft[1] urged people to send his jelly beans to soldiers during the American Civil War. It was not until July 5, 1905, that jelly beans were mentioned in the Chicago Daily News. The advertisement publicized bulk beans sold by volume for ten cents per pound, according to the book The Century in Food: America's Fads and Favorites. Most historians contend that jelly beans were first associated with celebrations of Easter in the United States sometime during the 1930s due to their egg-like shape.[2]


The basic ingredients of jelly beans include sugar, tapioca or corn syrup, and pectin or starch. Relatively minor amounts of the emulsifying agent lecithin, anti-foaming agents, an edible wax such as carnauba wax or beeswax, salt, and confectioner's glaze are also included.[3] The ingredients that give each bean its character are also relatively small in proportion and may vary depending on the flavor.


1920 sheet music cover

In United States slang during the 1910s and early 1920s, a "jellybean" or "jelly-bean" was a young man who dressed stylishly but had little else to recommend him, similar to the older terms dandy and fop. F. Scott Fitzgerald published a story about such a character, The Jelly-Bean, during 1920.[4]

In popular culture[edit]

When Beatlemania broke out in 1964, fans of the Beatles in the US pelted the band with jelly beans (emulating fans in the UK who threw the British candy Jelly Babies at George Harrison, who reportedly liked eating them).[5][6][7]

President Ronald Reagan's favorite treat was jelly beans.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "A Bowl Full of Jelly Bean History". National Geographic. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021.
  2. ^ "Jelly Beans: A Colorful History and Association with Easter". AT&T. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2011-05-10.
  3. ^ "How Products are Made – Volumes – Jelly Beans". Gale-Edit. Archived from the original on 2010-05-16. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  4. ^ Fitzgerald, Francis Scott; Bruccoli, Matthew Joseph; Baughman, Judith (2001), "The Jelly-Bean", Before Gatsby: the first twenty-six stories, University of South Carolina Press, p. 341, ISBN 9781570033711
  5. ^ "Letter reveals The Beatles' fear of jelly baby fans". mirror. May 14, 2009.
  6. ^ "George Harrison's 1963 plea: stop throwing jelly babies at Beatles" The Times 14 May 2009
  7. ^ Perry, Charles (19 March 2008). "The secret life of jelly beans". Los Angeles Times.
  8. ^ "Ronald Reagan". Ronald Reagan Foundation. Retrieved 2022-06-22.

External links[edit]