|Full name||James Broadbridge|
25 June 1795|
Duncton, Sussex, England
|Died||12 February 1843
|Bowling style||RFM (roundarm)|
|Domestic team information|
|1814 to 1840||Sussex|
|Source: CricketArchive, 29 June 2009|
James "Jem" Broadbridge (1795–1843) was an English professional cricketer who is widely accounted the outstanding all-rounder in England during the 1820s. He is best remembered for his part in the introduction of roundarm bowling. He played mainly for Sussex and made 102 known appearances in first-class cricket from 1814 to 1840. He represented the Players in the Gentlemen v Players series and the South in the North v. South series.
Born on 25 June 1795 in Duncton, Petworth, Sussex, Jem Broadbridge had a known career in major cricket spanning the 1814 to 1840 English seasons. In 102 matches, he scored 2671 runs @ 16.59 with a highest score of 135. He took 51 catches and 324 wickets.
He had an outstanding season in 1825 when inter-county cricket was revived for the first time since 1796 with Sussex playing two matches each against Hampshire and Kent. Broadbridge scored the most runs in the season with 552 @ 46.00 (HS 135) and also took the most wickets with 31 (BB 6-?). This was the first time that one player had led both the batting and bowling rankings in a single season.
Broadbridge repeated the feat in 1828, the year after the roundarm trial matches, when he scored 316 runs @ 19.75 (HS 71) and took 46 wickets (BB 5-?). Although roundarm had not yet been formally legalised, it was noted that Broadbridge and his Sussex colleague William Lillywhite constantly bowled with arm outstretched and the umpires did not no-ball them. Roundarm became known as "Sussex bowling" and this nickname stuck for a long time.
In 1829, Broadbridge was joint top batsman with William Searle, both scoring 265 runs. Broadbridge averaged 18.92 (HS 52) and Searle 20.38 (HS 87). In 1830, he topped the bowling again, taking 27 wickets (BB 5-?).
Broadbridge had been arguably the best player in England during the 1820s but he was past his best in the 1830s, although he still had much to offer in terms of knowledge and experience. He continued playing until the 1840 season.
Broadbridge and Lillywhite were innovators who did much to have roundarm bowling legalised. In the 1827 season, three roundarm trial matches were staged between Sussex and All-England to evaluate roundarm vis-à-vis underarm. Broadbridge and Lillywhite were allowed to bowl roundarm for Sussex but the All-England players had to bowl underarm. The result of the "trial" was inconclusive but in practice, with umpires turning a blind eye, Broadbridge and Lillywhite continued to bowl roundarm without penalty.
Style and technique
Known to his fellow cricketers as "Our Jem", Broadbridge was arguably the outstanding all-rounder of his time. According to Arthur Haygarth in Scores and Biographies, he was "considered for some seasons the best general cricketer in England, both as a batsman, bowler and single wicket player". He bowled right arm fast medium and batted right-handed. He was described by Haygarth as "an extremely hard hitter".
The bowling of Broadbridge and Lillywhite was the key factor in the success of Sussex, which was hailed as the Champion County in the 1820s. Haygarth says that Broadbridge began as a "slinging" bowler who afterwards delivered roundarm. He was quicker than medium pace but varied his length and speed "with effect".
Broadbridge was described as "one of the most fox-headed fellows that ever bowled and was enough to worry and puzzle any man alive".
In the third of the roundarm trial matches in 1827, Broadbridge was out to one of the most unusual dismissals ever recorded. Despite his team having been told to bat steadily in their second innings when chasing 120 to win, Broadbridge at the start literally threw his bat out of his hands at a wide delivery. Bat and ball made contact and the ball flew off to point where it was caught by William Ward and Broadbridge was out. England then won by 25 runs. He died 12 February 1843, Duncton
Family and personal life
Broadbridge belonged to a farming family and lived all his life at Duncton. He regularly walked from Duncton to Brighton and back (a sixty-mile round trip) to play cricket. He was the son of William and Mary Broadbridge. His height was 5 ft 10in and he weighed about 12 stones. He died unmarried at the age of 47 only a couple of years after he finished playing cricket.
His elder brother William (1790–1860) was an occasional Sussex player in 25 matches between 1817 and 1830. His younger brother Robin (born 1797) played four matches between 1822 and 1824. The Broadbridge brothers were cousins of their Sussex colleague George Millyard.
Broadbridge's home village of Duncton has a pub named The Cricketers in honour of himself and his colleague Jemmy Dean, another lifelong resident.
- H S Altham, A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914), George Allen & Unwin, 1926
- Derek Birley, A Social History of English Cricket, Aurum, 1999
- Rowland Bowen, Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1970
- Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volumes 1–2 (1744–1840), Lillywhite, 1862
- John Major, More Than A Game, HarperCollins, 2007
- James Pycroft, The Cricket Field, Longman, 1854