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Jemadar or jamadar is a title used for various military and other officials in the Indian subcontinent.
A jemadar was originally an armed official of a zamindar (feudal lord) in India who, like a military general, and along with Mridhas, was in charge of fighting and conducting warfare, mostly against the peasants and common people who lived on the lord's land.
Later, it became a rank used in the British Indian Army, where it was the lowest rank for a Viceroy's commissioned officer. Jemadars either commanded platoons or troops themselves or assisted their British commander. They also filled regimental positions such as assistant quartermaster (jemadar quartermaster) or assistant adjutant (jemadar adjutant).
- Jemadar was also used in other contexts to denote Indian 'captains', like the leaders of thuggee bands who strangled travellers.
- Jemadar was used as a rank title for an Indian inspector in the Shanghai Municipal Police
- The name inspired that of the Star Trek race known as the "Jem'Hadar"
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