Jemba Inertia Notes System
The Jemba Inertia Notes System is a computer software program used in rallying that automatically prints out stage notes for competitors to use. The purpose of the system is to allow organizers to create a consistent set of pace notes for all the competitors without having them to take additional time and resources to do the reconnaissance themselves. Currently, the system is used most heavily in the Rally America National Championship but is also used greatly for national championships in Canada, Sweden, Norway, New Zealand, and Great Britain.
The system was developed by Jemba, a Swedish-based company that specializes in making and selling of a limited scope of rally-specific products. In addition to their inertia notes system, they are a distributor for Peltor helmets, and Coralbra rally computers (odometer) on which the notes system runs.
Rallying – A motorsport which involves both a driver and a co-driver/navigator. The sport uses street cars first retro-fitted with improved equipment and safety systems, and then driven competitively around closed roads in the wilderness.
Various instruments are used to collect information on the track:
- Speedometer – An instrument common to almost all motor vehicles, the speedometer determines the instantaneous travel speed of the car, based on an intricate system of magnets and gears.
- Odometer – Also common to all vehicles, the odometer tracks the rotation of the car’s wheels to determine and display the distance traveled by the vehicle.
Co-driver, or Navigator - During a rally, the car driver is accompanied by a co-driver or navigator, who, through the use of stage notes or pace notes, is responsible for keeping the driver on course and on time.
Stage Notes/Pace Notes - Read by the navigator, a set of detailed instructions describing every turn, hill, jump, obstacle, and distance between instructions in precise, detailed code language.
Reconnaissance - A pre-running of competitive sections of the course to create the pace notes or stage notes.
The Jemba Inertia Notes System comes in the form of software loaded onto a laptop. The laptop is connected to an odometer and a series of accelerometers (hence “inertia”) inside a car. The odometer is used to calculate precise distances between instructions and to give the location of the instructions. The accelerometers sense turns, bumps, and hills in order to give consistent grading of corners and crests in the printout. The terminology used in the printout is then defined by the user of the system.
To use the system, the user connects the laptop to the odometer and accelerometers inside the car. The user then drives the stage, a competitive section in rallying, at normal speed in the middle of the road. By going much slower than competition speeds, the accelerometers are less prone to inaccuracies, and by driving in the middle of the road, a more accurate description of the road is given (that isn’t biased to one side or the other). Then, the system prints out a description of the road based on the user's pre-defined preferences and allows the user to then make any manual changes he/she feels are necessary
In order to be usable across the world, the system takes into account regional variation. The printout can be changed to adapt to different languages, terminology, or preferences. On the company’s website, a comparison of the system used in New Zealand is shown to be very different from that of the United States by using a different scale and terminology.
|Descriptive Term||Flat or fast plus (Fastest corner)||Flat or fast||Easy plus||Easy||Easy minus||Medium plus||Medium||Medium minus||Kay plus||Kay||Kay minus||Bad plus||Bad||Bad minus||Hairpin plus||Hairpin, (Slowest corner)|
New Zealand System
|Descriptive Term||Absolute (fastest corner)||Easy +||Easy||Easy -||Flat +||Flat||Flat -||Medium +||Medium||Medium -||Kay +||Kay||Kay -||Square||Hairpin||Tight hairpin (slowest corner)|
While the US system goes from one to six, one being the slowest, six being the fastest, the New Zealand System goes from one to eight (eight being the fastest, one being the slowest). Also, the directional term (L for Left, R for Right) is shown in front of the numeric term in the American system and following the numeric term in the New Zealand system.
In addition to a printout of the notes, one can also get a graphical plot of the stage, numeric information about the stage, and a graph showing the speed profile over the complete stage for a simulated run with a user-defined specification of a rally car that might be competing.
Margin for critical braking distance before stop. This is how far you may carry on at competitive speed until you have to start braking to be able to stop at the stop control.
Used of available braking dist before stop (%) This tells how many percent of the available braking you will have to use if you brake to the maximum.
Jemba Safety Index (J/kg) Jemba Safety Index gives average kinetic energy in the car through corners, that is the average energy available to cause damage on places where the car slides.
While relatively consistent and accurate, the system is still prone to some small inaccuracies. Given the same road driven twice with the system, slight variations in printouts can occur. Also, the system cannot anticipate landmarks, hazards, or tricky/deceptive areas along the route. This is decided by the person making the notes for the rally and is inserted manually. Because of these slight inaccuracies and the danger associated with driving at high speeds on roads never seen by the competitors, a one-pass reconnaissance, also known as a notes familiarization pass, NFP, or recce, is incorporated into some rallies to allow competitors to make their own alterations to the notes while still cutting back on the time and resources needed for a full reconnaissance.