Jenaplan (or Jena Plan) schools are based on a teaching concept conceived and founded by the German pedagogue Peter Petersen from 1923-1927. The term Jenaplan was coined by the London committee for preparing the 4th meeting of the ‘’New Education Fellowship’’ in Locarno in 1927. Petersen developed his concept at the University of Jena (hence the term), where he was the head of the Department of Education since 1923.
The basic ideas are: independent learning by doing, cooperation and communal life, shared responsibility by school children and parents. The basic forms of education according to the Jenaplan approach are:
- Teaching: (interdisciplinary) core teaching, free work (free choice of discipline), course teaching (in special disciplines)
- Party and celebrations: morning circle, week closure celebrations, birthday parties, enrollment and others
- Discussions: round-tables, reports, talks, clarifying debates etc.
- Play (free play, learning games, pause games, gymnastics games, theatre play): this supports the development of younger children, teaches rules for social behaviour, promotes attention
The Jenaplan schools operate according to 20 basic principles, e.g.:
- Each human being is unique. Therefore, each child and each adult has an irreplaceable value and a special dignity.
- Each human being has the right to develop his/her own identity, irrespective of ethnic origin, nationality, social environment, religion, philosophy or abilities/disabilities.
- Every person is always recognized in his/her entirety. S/he is encountered and treated in this way, wherever possible.
- People should work for a society that respects the irreplaceable value and the dignity of every individual human being.
- People should work for a society that offers the opportunity and incentives for developing the identity of each person.
Jenaplan schools in Germany are, among others:
- Evangelische Schule St. Marien in Neubrandenburg
- Freie Comenius Schule in Darmstadt
- Freie Schule LernZeitRäume in Dossenheim (near Heidelberg)
- Jenaplanschule in Rostock
- Jenaplanschule in Hungen
- Jenaplan-Schule in Nürnberg
- Jenaplan-Gymnasium in Nürnberg
- Jenaplan-Schule in Jena 
- Jenaplan-Schule in Weimar
- Kaleidoskop Jena - Jenaplanschule in Jena (district Lobeda) 
- Laborschule in Dresden
- Lauterschule in Suhl
Jenaplan schools in the Netherlands are, among others:
- Peter-Petersenschool in Haren
- JenaXL in Zwolle, Overijssel, the Netherlands
- O.B.S. De Woldstroom in Meppel, Drenthe, the Netherlands
- A.W. Boes: Jenaplan: Historie en actualiteit (in Dutch), Wolters-Noordhoff, 1980
- Janina Neumann: Jenaplan: Ein reformpädagogisches Konzept und sein Potential für den Bereich DaF. AV Akademikerverlag, 2012