Jendouba

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Jendouba
جندوبة
Jendouba is located in Tunisia
Jendouba
Jendouba
Coordinates: 36°29′N 08°47′E / 36.483°N 8.783°E / 36.483; 8.783
CountryTunisia
GovernoratesJendouba Governorate
Government
 • Ayoub HajjiAyoub Hajji
Elevation143 m (469 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total46,459
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Websitewww.commune-jendouba.gov.tn

Jendouba (Jendouba) (Tunisian Arabic: جندوبةAbout this soundJāndūba ; from Amazigh Jen: Market, Douba: Wheat) Formerly known as Souk El Arba until 30 April 1966) is a city in north-western Tunisia, and capital of the Jendouba Governorate. It is an important crossroads with many road links to other towns such as El Kef, Tabarka, Ain Draham and Béja. The main economic activity is agriculture. It is close to the famous ancient Roman city of Bullaregia or Bulla Regia, as well as the ancient marble quarry of Chemtou.

History

Historically, this region was important and wealthy.

During the Roman Empire the town was called Libertina and was a civitas of the Roman Province of Byzacena in North Africa. The historical importance of the area is evidenced by the nearby great Roman cities of Bulla Regia and Chemtou. Several other historical sites witness the role this city played centuries ago in the economic life of the region.

Around 670 the town fell to the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb.

Under the French, Jendouba Ville is remembered as the Tunisian area where the civil demand for independence from French colonization started on April 9, 1934. The protests started in the town of Oued Meliz on April 4, 1934 before arriving in the capital and becoming a national movement.This city is also home to Dallas Mavericks center Salah Mejri.

Aïn Draham, décembre 2014 (03).jpg

The "events of April 9, 1938 " ( 9 أحداث أفريل 1938) were street protests demanding political reforms, including the establishment of a parliament, a major step towards the independence of Tunisia whilst a French protectorate. They resulted in a bloody shootout that marked the start of the Tunisian national movement.

During World War 2 there was an airfield outside the village. During Operation Torch, the town and was captured by paratroops of the British 1st Parachute Brigade on 16 November 1942.[1]

Climate

In Jendouba, the climate is warm and temperate. In winter there is much more rainfall than in summer. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Csa. The average annual temperature in Jendouba is 18.0 °C (64.4 °F). About 504 mm (19.84 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Jendouba
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
15.8
(60.4)
18.8
(65.8)
21.7
(71.1)
25.7
(78.3)
32.5
(90.5)
36.7
(98.1)
36.7
(98.1)
32.6
(90.7)
25.8
(78.4)
19.9
(67.8)
15.7
(60.3)
24.7
(76.5)
Average low °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
5.1
(41.2)
6.6
(43.9)
8.6
(47.5)
12.3
(54.1)
16.3
(61.3)
18.3
(64.9)
19.1
(66.4)
17.1
(62.8)
13.3
(55.9)
9.2
(48.6)
6.1
(43)
11.4
(52.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.72)
56
(2.2)
53
(2.09)
45
(1.77)
36
(1.42)
19
(0.75)
4
(0.16)
9
(0.35)
36
(1.42)
55
(2.17)
55
(2.17)
67
(2.64)
504
(19.84)
Source: Climate-Data.org,Climate data

Economy

Bulla Regia.JPG

Coordinates: 36°30′N 8°47′E / 36.500°N 8.783°E / 36.500; 8.783

Ancien Port Tabarka.JPG
Fernana-city.jpg

References

  1. ^ Kurowski, F. (1982) Endkampf in Afrika, Leoni-am-Starnberger See:Druffel-Verlag, p.54. ISBN 3806110247 (German language).