|Pobeda Peak / Victory Peak|
Jengish Chokusu from the basecamp in Kyrgyzstan
|Elevation||7,439 m (24,406 ft) |
|Prominence||4,148 m (13,609 ft) |
|Isolation||560 kilometres (350 mi)|
|Listing||Country high point|
|Parent range||Kakshaal Too, Tian Shan|
|First ascent||1956 by Vitaly Abalakov|
|Easiest route||snow/ice climb|
Jengish Chokusu (Kyrgyz: Жеңиш чокусу, Ceñiş çoqusu, جەڭىش چوقۇسۇ [dʒeŋiʃ tʃoqusú]; Russian: Пик Победы, Pik Pobedy [pʲik pɐˈbʲɛdɨ]) is the highest mountain in the Tian Shan mountain system at 7,439 metres (24,406 ft). It lies on the Kyrgyzstan–China border between the raion of Ak-Suu, in the Issyk-Kul Region of far eastern Kyrgyzstan and Wensu County, Xinjiang, China. It is part of the Kakshaal Too, the highest part of the Tien Shan, and located southeast of lake Issyk Kul.
The mountain's official name in Kyrgyz is Jengish Choqusu, which means "Victory Peak"; its Russian name is Pik Pobedy (or Peak Pobeda) meaning the same. In Uyghur, it is called Tömür, which is also the official name of the mountain in China. The Chinese name Tuōmù'ěr Fēng (simplified Chinese: 托木尔峰; traditional Chinese: 托木爾峰) is a combination of the Uighur tomur, meaning 'iron' and Chinese feng meaning 'peak'.
Jengish Chokusu is a massif, with several summits along its lengthy ridge. Only its main summit breaks 7,000 m. It is located 16 km (9.9 mi) southwest of Khan Tengri (7,010 m / 22,998 ft), separated by the South Engilchek glacier, where base camps for both mountains are usually located. The massif runs at right angles to the glaciers which flow from it into three alpine valleys in Kyrgyzstan on the north, all eventually running to the Engilchek Glacier, the largest in the Tian Shan. Its main summit is usually approached from the Zvozdochka (Russian for "little star") glacier, which is coloured red with rocks from Jengish Chokusu.
Jengish Chokusu is the highest mountain in Kyrgyzstan. Jengish Chokusu is considered the most northerly 7,000-metre mountain in the world by geologists; the actual rock summit of Khan Tengri, the Tian Shan's third highest peak, is 6,995m above sea level, though a thick layer of ice adds another 15m to its altitude, such that mountaineers classify it as 7,000m peak.
The South Engilchek Glacier and its side glaciers occupy the entire north side of Peak Jengish Chokusu. This glacier, currently at 60.5 km in length, is the sixth longest outside of the world's polar regions.
Although Jengish Chokusu is over 400 metres higher, Khan Tengri was believed to be the highest peak in the range until Jengish Chokusu's survey in 1946. A Soviet expedition mounted in 1938 to mark the 20th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Youth movement Komsomol claimed to have climbed the highest peak in the area, the summit being reached on September 19 by L.Gutman, E.Ivanov and A.Sidorenko. They measured the altitude as 6900 meters, and named the peak Pik 20-ti letiya Komsomola (Peak of the 20th Anniversary of Komsomol). A survey by another team in 1943 found the peak to be 7439 meters high. The peak was renamed as Pik Pobedy (Victory's Peak) in 1946 to commemorate the Soviet victory in World War II. The significant difference in altitude led to the 1938 ascent being called into question, although the official Soviet stand was to uphold the 1938 ascent. A large-scale attempt on the peak in 1955 was disastrous, when 11 expedition members were killed in a blizzard. Jengish Chokusu's first indisputably verified ascent was in 1956 by Vitaly Abalakov's party. A Chinese expedition climbed the peak from the Chinese side in 1977: the expedition book makes no mention of the Russian first ascent and gives the impression that the Chinese ascent was the first climb. The first winter ascent of the peak was made by Valery Khrichtchatyi in February 1990.
- "The Central Asian Republics: Ultra-Prominence Page". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-05-26.
- Tajikistan's Fedchenko Glacier is 77 km long, and the Karakoram's Siachen and Biafo Glaciers are 70 and 67 km long respectively. Measurements are from recent imagery, with Russian 1:200,000 scale topographic mapping for reference as well as the 1990 ‘’Orographic Sketch Map: Karakoram: Sheets 1 & 2’’, Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, Zurich.
- The Great Soviet Encyclopedia , 1979
- William Garner, 'High Road to 'Victory'" Soviet and U.S. Climbers conquer Pik Pobedy, National Geographic Magazine, August 1986 (p.258)
- "Pik Pobeda". SummitPost.org.
- Planting the Five-Star Flag on Mount Tomur, Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, 1979
- Chris Bonington, “Great Climbs”, p.206, ISBN 1-85732-573-7
- Garner, William (August 1986). "High Road to "Victory"". National Geographic. Vol. 170 no. 2. pp. 256–271. ISSN 0027-9358. OCLC 643483454.