Jenins

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Jenins
Jenins.jpg
Coat of arms of Jenins
Coat of arms
Jenins is located in Switzerland
Jenins
Jenins
Location of Jenins
Karte Gemeinde Jenins 2016.png
Jenins is located in Canton of Graubünden
Jenins
Jenins
Jenins (Canton of Graubünden)
Coordinates: 47°0′N 9°33′E / 47.000°N 9.550°E / 47.000; 9.550Coordinates: 47°0′N 9°33′E / 47.000°N 9.550°E / 47.000; 9.550
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Landquart
Government
 • Mayor Gemeindepräsident
Baseli Werth
(as of 2014)
Area[1]
 • Total 10.54 km2 (4.07 sq mi)
Elevation 635 m (2,083 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 902
 • Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
Postal code 7307
SFOS number 3952
Surrounded by Maienfeld, Malans, Seewis im Prättigau
Website www.jenins.ch
SFSO statistics

Jenins (Romansh: Gianin) is a municipality in the Landquart Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Jenins is first mentioned in 1139 as Uienennes. In 1142 it was mentioned as Gininnes.[3]

Geography[edit]

Valley with (l to r) Landquart, Maienfeld, Jenins and Malans.

Jenins has an area, as of 2006, of 10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi). Of this area, 48% is used for agricultural purposes, while 40.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (8.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Maienfeld sub-district of the Landquart district, after 2017 it was part of the Landquart Region.

Demographics[edit]

Jenins has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 902.[2] As of 2008, 10.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 8.6%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (93.8%), with Romansh being second most common ( 1.2%) and English being third ( 0.9%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Jenins is; 107 children or 14.3% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 48 teenagers or 6.4% are 10 to 14, and 35 teenagers or 4.7% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 71 people or 9.5% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 134 people or 18.0% are 30 to 39, 118 people or 15.8% are 40 to 49, and 91 people or 12.2% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 60 people or 8.0% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 51 people or 6.8% are 70 to 79, there are 26 people or 3.5% who are 80 to 89, and there are 5 people or 0.7% who are 90 to 99.[5]

Colonel Jakob von Salis-Jenins (1815-1886).

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 40.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (22.5%), the FDP (20.4%) and the CVP (13.4%).[4]

In Jenins about 77.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Jenins has an unemployment rate of 0.68%. As of 2005, there were 107 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 29 businesses involved in this sector. 35 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 107 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 14 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][6]

year population
1850 481
1900 450
1950 461
1960 398
1970 468
1980 557
1990 654
2000 746

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Neu-Aspermont Castle is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[7]

Sights[edit]

The Greisinger Museum houses the Greisinger Collection, Bernd Greisinger's private collection focused on "Middle-earth", the world's largest and most important of its kind which consists primarily of art and literature as well as collectors' items of any kind. Since 4 October 2013 it has opened his doors for fans and friends of Middle-earth. The museum is a non-profit foundation.

The construction of the museum started in mid-2008. Planning and building of the museum were orientated on optimizing the use of the Greisinger Collection. All rooms provide you with their warmth to the visitors the feeling of being in Middle-earth. Through the door of the hobbit hole you get into the museum, whose rooms are for the most part underground.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Jenins in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 16-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 16-Oct-2009

External links[edit]