Jenkins County, Georgia

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Jenkins County
Jenkins County Courthouse, in Millen
Map of Georgia highlighting Jenkins County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°47′N 81°58′W / 32.79°N 81.96°W / 32.79; -81.96
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedAugust 17, 1905; 117 years ago (1905-08-17)
Named forCharles Jones Jenkins
SeatMillen
Largest cityMillen
Area
 • Total352 sq mi (910 km2)
 • Land347 sq mi (900 km2)
 • Water5.2 sq mi (13 km2)  1.5%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,674
 • Density25/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district12th
Websitewww.jenkinscountyga.com

Jenkins County is a county located in the southeastern area of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 8,674.[1] The county seat is Millen.[2] The county was created on August 17, 1905, and named after the 44th Governor of Georgia, Charles Jones Jenkins.[3]

History[edit]

During the Red Summer of 1919, there was a race riot on April 13, 1919 in Jenkins County, in which white mobs attacked the black community.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 352 square miles (910 km2), of which 347 square miles (900 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13 km2) (1.5%) is water.[4]

Most of the southern portion of Jenkins County, from southwest of Millen to west of Hiltonia, is located in the Lower Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin, with the exception of very small parts of the southwestern corner of the county, north and east of Garfield, which are located in the Canoochee River sub-basin of the same Ogeechee River basin. The northwestern portion of Jenkins County is located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin, with just the northeastern corner of the county located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
191011,520
192014,32824.4%
193012,908−9.9%
194011,843−8.3%
195010,264−13.3%
19609,148−10.9%
19708,332−8.9%
19808,8416.1%
19908,247−6.7%
20008,5754.0%
20108,340−2.7%
20208,6744.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[10]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 8,575 people, 3,214 households, and 2,269 families living in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 3,907 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 56.29% White, 40.49% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 2.06% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 3.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,214 households, out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.90% were married couples living together, 19.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.50% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,025, and the median income for a family was $29,539. Males had a median income of $28,804 versus $20,252 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,400. About 22.30% of families and 28.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.60% of those under age 18 and 25.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,340 people, 3,192 households, and 2,164 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 24.0 inhabitants per square mile (9.3/km2). There were 4,221 housing units at an average density of 12.2 per square mile (4.7/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 54.9% white, 40.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.0% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 13.0% were American, 10.1% were English, 7.4% were Irish, and 6.3% were German.[14]

Of the 3,192 households, 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families, and 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 38.2 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $27,686 and the median income for a family was $35,876. Males had a median income of $36,391 versus $25,814 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,629. About 17.6% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 20.8% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2020 census[edit]

Jenkins County racial composition[16]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 4,611 53.16%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,536 40.77%
Native American 29 0.33%
Asian 12 0.14%
Pacific Islander 5 0.06%
Other/Mixed 178 2.05%
Hispanic or Latino 303 3.49%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,674 people, 3,443 households, and 2,095 families residing in the county.

Communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Jenkins County, Georgia[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,161 62.55% 1,266 36.64% 28 0.81%
2016 1,895 62.01% 1,123 36.75% 38 1.24%
2012 1,887 55.60% 1,488 43.84% 19 0.56%
2008 1,936 56.25% 1,482 43.06% 24 0.70%
2004 1,898 55.74% 1,494 43.88% 13 0.38%
2000 1,317 50.79% 1,250 48.21% 26 1.00%
1996 955 38.77% 1,336 54.24% 172 6.98%
1992 929 34.05% 1,401 51.36% 398 14.59%
1988 1,288 57.30% 953 42.39% 7 0.31%
1984 1,399 55.80% 1,108 44.20% 0 0.00%
1980 824 33.05% 1,632 65.46% 37 1.48%
1976 563 23.63% 1,820 76.37% 0 0.00%
1972 1,769 78.52% 484 21.48% 0 0.00%
1968 574 22.71% 704 27.86% 1,249 49.43%
1964 1,509 62.43% 908 37.57% 0 0.00%
1960 313 18.78% 1,354 81.22% 0 0.00%
1956 261 20.70% 1,000 79.30% 0 0.00%
1952 368 23.99% 1,166 76.01% 0 0.00%
1948 98 10.11% 595 61.40% 276 28.48%
1944 101 12.64% 698 87.36% 0 0.00%
1940 69 6.82% 940 92.98% 2 0.20%
1936 32 3.51% 880 96.49% 0 0.00%
1932 20 3.77% 510 96.23% 0 0.00%
1928 332 44.80% 409 55.20% 0 0.00%
1924 16 6.67% 200 83.33% 24 10.00%
1920 49 12.89% 331 87.11% 0 0.00%
1916 20 4.66% 402 93.71% 7 1.63%
1912 17 5.70% 272 91.28% 9 3.02%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Jenkins County, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 9, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 120. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 17, 2003.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 20, 2018.

Coordinates: 32°47′N 81°58′W / 32.79°N 81.96°W / 32.79; -81.96