Jenkins Township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania

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Jenkins Township, Pennsylvania
Municipal Building in Inkerman
Municipal Building in Inkerman
Map of Luzerne County highlighting Jenkins Township
Map of Luzerne County highlighting Jenkins Township
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Luzerne County
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Luzerne County
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLuzerne
RegionGreater Pittston
IncorporatedJune 24, 1852
Area
 • Total13.98 sq mi (36.21 km2)
 • Land13.69 sq mi (35.47 km2)
 • Water0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2)
Population
 • Total4,442
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
4,446
 • Density324.67/sq mi (125.35/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code42-079-37984

Jenkins Township is a township in the Greater Pittston area of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 4,442 at the 2010 census.[3]

History[edit]

Settlement[edit]

Isaac Gould and Joseph Gardner were the first permanent settlers in modern-day Jenkins Township. The first important settlement in the territory was Joseph Gardner’s gristmill in 1794 (on Gardner’s Creek). The first schoolhouse was built in the early 1810s. Jenkins Township was formed from a section of Pittston Township on June 24, 1852.[4] It was named after Col. John Jenkins[5] (who settled the area with his family in 1769).[6] He served as an officer in the American Revolution (1775-1782), and as a Representative of Luzerne County in the Pennsylvania Legislature (elected in 1797).[7]

Coal mining[edit]

Logging and farming were the first major employers in the region, but due to the abundance of anthracite coal under the township, the coal mining industry quickly expanded. Port Griffith was named in honor of one of the original stockholders of the Pennsylvania Coal Company. Other villages in the township (e.g., Port Blanchard, Inkerman, and Sebastopol) also played an important role in the mining industry.[8] On January 22, 1959, the Knox Mine Disaster in Port Griffith, Jenkins Township, claimed the lives of 12 people and essentially shut down the mining industry in Northeastern Pennsylvania.[9]

Contemporary history[edit]

The coal companies left behind a scared landscape (e.g., culm banks) when they pulled out of the region. Today, Jenkins Township's economy is composed of an expanding warehousing industry.

On September 25, 1982, George Banks killed thirteen people in a shooting rampage in Jenkins Township and Wilkes-Barre City.[10]

Geography[edit]

Port Griffith, Jenkins Township
An aerial view of Greater Pittston; Jenkins Township is visible near the middle (left of the Susquehanna River).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 14.0 square miles (36.2 km2), of which 13.7 square miles (35.5 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.7 km2), or 2.06%, is water. The township is served by the Pittston Area School District. It is drained by the Susquehanna River, which separates it from Wyoming and Exeter. The Eighth Street Bridge links Jenkins Township to Wyoming. The township's villages include Ewen, Inkerman, Old Boston, Port Blanchard, Port Griffith, and Sebastopol.

Jenkins Township can be divided into two separate regions (connected by a small strip of land). The northwestern portion of the township borders the Susquehanna River; it is mostly made up of homes and businesses. There is a small strip of land connecting the northwestern portion of the township to the southeastern region of the township. This small strip is less than a quarter of a mile wide and is flanked by the Borough of Yatesville (to the north) and the Borough of Laflin (to the south). The southeastern region of Jenkins is the largest by total area. I-81, I-476, and PA 315 travel through this section of the municipality; there are a few neighborhoods and warehouses located near these highways. Thick forests make up the very southeastern section of the township.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
20004,584
20104,442−3.1%
Est. 20164,446[2]0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 4,584 people, 1,715 households, and 1,166 families residing in the township. The population density was 337.4 people per square mile (130.2/km2). There were 1,843 housing units at an average density of 135.7/sq mi (52.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 98.97% White, 0.26% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.

There were 1,715 households, out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the township the population was spread out, with 20.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $39,103, and the median income for a family was $46,673. Males had a median income of $36,212 versus $23,534 for females. The per capita income for the township was $19,693. About 5.7% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Jenkins township, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
  4. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/jenkinstwp.htm
  5. ^ History of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, with Biographical Selections, by Bradsby, Henry C., ed, 1893, Publisher: Chicago, S. B. Nelson, page 589
  6. ^ Appletons' Cyclopedia of American Biography, 1600-1889, Vol III: Grinnell - Lockwood, page 426
  7. ^ News Article: LEDGER-PHILADELPHIA, Thu Nov 27, 1924 "Pennsylvanians - Past and Present: Colonel John Jenkins, Officer of the Revolution" By F. A. Godcharles
  8. ^ http://www.pagenweb.org/~luzerne/patk/jenkinstwp.htm
  9. ^ Chris Murley (2005). "Knox Mine Disaster". Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  10. ^ Robbins, William (September 26, 1982). "Gunman Kills 13 in a Pennsylvania Rampage". New York Times. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Coordinates: 41°17′00″N 75°44′29″W / 41.28333°N 75.74139°W / 41.28333; -75.74139