Jennifer Chambers Lynch
April 7, 1968
|Education||Interlochen Arts Academy|
|Occupation||Director, screenwriter, producer, actress|
|Parent(s)||David Lynch (father) |
Peggy Reavey (mother)
Jennifer Chambers Lynch (born April 7, 1968) is an American director and screenwriter. The daughter of filmmaker David Lynch, she made her directorial debut with the film Boxing Helena in 1993. Following a troubled production, the film was a critical and commercial failure, with Lynch receiving a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Director. The negative reception to her feature debut and controversy surrounding its release led to Lynch taking a 15-year hiatus from filmmaking.
Lynch returned to directing with 2008's Surveillance. The film received mixed reviews, although it won the top prize at the Sitges Film Festival. A year later, Lynch began work on her next film Hisss, which she disowned after the production was completed without her involvement. Her fourth film Chained, released in 2012, was met with a positive critical reception. Since 2012, Lynch has focused on directing episodes of television series, including Psych, Teen Wolf, The Walking Dead, American Horror Story, Once Upon a Time, Hawaii Five-0, Elementary, The Strain, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., 9-1-1, and Ratched.
Outside of her career as a director, Lynch wrote the book The Secret Diary of Laura Palmer in 1990. Told from the perspective of the character of the same name from her father's television series Twin Peaks, the novel was a commercial success, reaching number four on The New York Times paperback fiction best seller list that year.
Lynch was born in Philadelphia. She is the daughter of artist and filmmaker David Lynch, who is responsible for her Finnish ancestry, and painter Peggy Reavey (née Margaret Vosburgh Lentz). She began practicing Transcendental Meditation at the age of six. Lynch graduated from the Interlochen Art Academy where she studied visual arts and creative writing.
Lynch was educated in Los Angeles and Michigan at Interlochen Arts Academy. Together with her mother, Lynch made a brief appearance in her father's debut feature film Eraserhead, but her appearance was not included in the final cut. Lynch subsequently worked as a production assistant on Blue Velvet (1986), also directed by her father.
Boxing Helena (1993)
Lynch's commissioned screenplay for Boxing Helena, which she would later go on to direct, attracted many actresses, including Madonna. Sherilyn Fenn, one of the stars in her father's television series Twin Peaks and the film Wild at Heart, was ultimately cast as leading character Helena. Kim Basinger was also attached and was famously sued after resigning from the project. The controversy surrounding that case, as well as feminist outcry over Helena's sadistic subject matter and accusations of nepotism, accompanied the movie's critical drubbing upon its release in 1993.
In a 2009 interview with The Hollywood Interview, Lynch mentions her reactions to the critical reception of Boxing Helena:
I would love to know why people were so mad at me for telling a crazy fairy tale. I'm the first to say I didn't know what I was doing. I did the best I could at 19, and all these crazy things happened. The idea that the film was faulted when everyone involved worked so fucking hard and believed in me, and there were these adults believing in me, who was essentially a child…when the National Organization of Women slammed me, that was sort of the final straw. It was no wonder I put my legs behind my ears and got pregnant. (laughs) Not that I didn't love sex before then, but seriously. It was my child, essentially, who saved my life.
Following a lengthy hiatus, Lynch directed Surveillance, which won the top prize at the Festival de Cine de Sitges. A month later, Lynch became the first woman to receive the New York City Horror Film Festival's Best Director award.
Lynch was announced as director of the film Nagin (the film is also known as Hisss) that featured Bollywood actress Mallika Sherawat, but the film that was released was not Lynch's work, even though the producers attached her name to the final product. Lynch explained in a 2012 interview:
"Well, ultimately, I didn't get to make that film. I put my director's cut together, and the producers decided it was not what they wanted. They took it back to India. I never did any scoring or cutting or color-timing or any of the things you do to make the movie. They took the footage and changed it into what they wanted it to be. So it's not my film. I went to India and shot some footage, but I have nothing to do with the movie they made."
Lynch then directed and co-wrote the 2012 thriller film Chained, in which Vincent D'Onofrio stars as a cab-driving serial killer. It received mostly positive reviews from critics, with a 68% rating on review aggregator website, Rotten Tomatoes.
Future film projects
Lynch has directed episodes of many television series such as Jessica Jones, Finding Carter, Psych, Quantico, Teen Wolf, The Walking Dead, The Last Ship, Wayward Pines, American Horror Story, The Strain, Once Upon a Time, Hawaii Five-0 and Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.
An Australian documentary titled Despite the Gods, which chronicles Lynch's struggle to make the film Hisss, was released in 2012. The documentary was shown at the Canadian International Documentary Festival and the program described the film: "Out of her depth shooting on location with an Indian crew and two top Bollywood stars, Lynch turns her production into a vehicle for her own self-actualization, paying no regard to timeline, budget or reality. As the story in front of the camera derails, the story behind the camera explodes.". She eventually disowned the film.
As of 2015, she is also a member of the board of advisers for the Hollywood Horror Museum.
Awards and nominations
Boxing Helena received incredibly scathing reviews upon its release and a Razzie Award for "Worst Director." Nevertheless, it was nominated for Grand Jury Prize in the Dramatic category at the Sundance Film Festival.
Lynch revealed in a 2009 interview that she underwent three spinal surgeries following the release of Boxing Helena due to a car accident that occurred when she was 19 years old. In the same interview, Lynch stated that she has a daughter.
Filmography (as director)
|Year||Title||Writer||Producer||Main cast||Other notes|
|1993||Boxing Helena||Jennifer Lynch, Philippe Caland||Philippe Caland||Sherilyn Fenn, Julian Sands, Bill Paxton||Razzie winner|
|2008||Surveillance||Jennifer Lynch, Kent Harper||David Lynch, Kent Harper, Marco Mehlitz, David Michaels||Bill Pullman, Julia Ormond, French Stewart|
|2010||Hisss||Jennifer Lynch||Vikram Singh, Govind Menon||Mallika Sherawat, Irrfan Khan||Disowned the film|
|2012||Chained||Jennifer Lynch, Damian O'Donnell||Rhonda Baker, David Buelow, Lee Nelson||Vincent D'Onofrio, Eamon Farren, Julia Ormond||Also cameo appearance|
|2012-13||Psych||Steve Franks||3 episodes|
|2013||The Trouble with Billy||William McNamara
Adam Coleman Howard
|2013||Warehouse 13||Jane Espenson
D. Brent Mote
|2014-16||Teen Wolf||Jeff Davis||4 episodes|
|2014-15||Finding Carter||Terri Minsky||5 episodes|
|2015||The Walking Dead||Frank Darabont
|2015-17||Quantico||Joshua Safran||5 episodes|
|2015||South of Hell||Matt Lambert||2 episodes|
|2016||Second Chance||Rand Ravich||Episode: "May Old Acquaintance Be Forgot"|
|2016||Recovery Road||Blake Nelson||Episode: "Sick as Our Secrets"|
|2016||Damien||Glen Mazzara||Episode: "The Devil You Know"|
|2016||Wayward Pines||Chad Hodge||Episode: "Pass Judgement"|
|2016||The Last Ship||Hank Steinberg
|Episode: "Sea Change"|
|2016-19||American Horror Story||Ryan Murphy
|2016||Once Upon a Time||Edward Kitsis
|Episode: "I'll Be Your Mirror"|
|2016-18||Hawaii Five-O||Peter M. Lenkov
|2017-18||Elementary||Robert Doherty||2 episodes|
|2017||Criminal Minds: Beyond Borders||Erica Messer||Episode: "Abominable"|
|Episode: "Keeping the Faith"|
|Episode: "Cradles and Graves"|
|2017||The Strain||Guillermo del Toro
|Episode: "The Traitor"|
|2018||Kevin (Probably) Saves the World||Michelle Faezakas
|Episode: "Caught White-Handed"|
|2018||Jessica Jones||Melissa Rosenberg||Episode: "AKA Three Lives and Counting"|
|2018||Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.||Joss Whedon
|Episode: "All Roads Lead..."|
|2018||Code Black||Michael Seitzman||Episode: "Change of Heart"|
|2018||Daredevil||Drew Goddard||Episode: "Revealations"|
|2020||9-1-1: Lone Star||Episode: "Texas Proud"|
|Episode: "The Bucket List"|
|2020||Big Sky||David E. Kelley||2 episodes|
|2021||Gossip Girl||Joshua Safran||Upcoming 2 episodes|
- Simon, Alex, The Hollywood Interview – Interview with Jennifer Chambers Lynch, retrieved May 7, 2012. Archived, retrieved 11 December 2017.
- "DAVID LYNCH: "DEN HÄR VÄRLDEN ÄR FULL AV HAT OCH ÅNGEST"". Nöjesguiden (in Swedish). REDAKTION. November 4, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- MOTTRAM, JAMES (February 22, 2009). "Out on a limb". The Independent on Sunday. London (UK). p. 14.
- Casey Davidson (December 7, 1990). "Boxed Lynch". Entertainment Weekly.
- Todd Brown (October 13, 2008). "Complete List of Sitges Winners Announced!". twitchfilm.com. IndieClick Film Network. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- Aaron Hillis (May 13, 2009). "Summer Guide: Surveillance, Jennifer Lynch's First in 16 Years". Village Voice. Village Voice, LLC. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- Miska, Brad (June 9, 2008). "Surveillance Director Transforms into a Snake Woman". Bloody Disgusting. Bloody Disgusting, LLC. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- Andrew Wyatt (October 2012). "A Q&A with A Fall from Grace Director Jennifer Lynch". St Louis Magazine. St Louis Magazine. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- McClintock, Pamela (October 26, 2010). "Lynch latches on to Loeb's 'Visibility'". Variety.
- Parker, Adam (December 20, 2014). "Demons in action: On the set of WE tv's new series 'South of Hell'". The Post and Courier. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- Stanley, Alessandra (October 28, 1990). "Are the Owls What They Seem?". The New York Times.
- "Production Notes" (24). Billboard. June 12, 1993. p. 42.
- "The 2010 International Surrealist Film Festival". Downtown Independent. Downtown Independent. 2010. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- Barton, Steve (May 24, 2010). "Jennifer Lynch and Corey Brandenstein Throw Us to the Dogs in The Compound". Dread Central. Dread Central Media, LLC. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- "Despite The Gods". Hot Docs. Hot Docs. April 2013. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- "Hiss". Indian Express. October 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2010.
- Simon, John (1993), Chess without Tears, Sex without Limbs., National Review, p. 45(19), 61–62
- Wilson, John (2005). The official Razzie movie guide enjoying the best of Hollywood's worst. New York: Warner Books. Appendix 2. ISBN 9780446592154. OCLC 815660203.
- "The SCA Alumni Screening Series Presents: SURVEILLANCE". cinema.usc.edu. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
- "Sundance Film Festival (1993)". IMDb.
- "Gossip Girl Season 1 Synopsis". WarnerMedia (Press release). June 28, 2021. Archived from the original on June 28, 2021. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
- A French article about Jennifer Lynch's works (The Secret Diary of Laura Palmer and Boxing Helena)
- Jennifer Lynch at FEARnet
- Interview with Hisss (2010) director Jennifer Chambers Lynch
- Interview with director of Chained, Jennifer Lynch