Crystal structure of jennite: elementary unit cell viewed in 3D
|Crystal symmetry||Triclinic, pinacoidal
H-M symbol: (1)
Space group: P1
|Unit cell||a = 10.56 Å, b = 7.25 Å, c = 10.81 Å; α = 99.7°, β = 97.67°, γ = 110.07°; Z=1|
|Formula mass||1063 g/mol|
|Crystal habit||Blade shaped crystals, fibrous aggregates, platy - sheet forms|
|Cleavage||Distinct on |
|Mohs scale hardness||3.5|
|Diaphaneity||Transparent to translucent|
|Density||2.32 – 2.33|
|Optical properties||Biaxial (-)|
|Refractive index||nα = 1.548 - 1.552 nβ = 1.562 - 1.564 nγ = 1.570 - 1.571|
|Birefringence||δ = 0.022|
|2V angle||Measured: 74°|
|Ultraviolet fluorescence||Weak white|
Jennite is a calcium silicate hydrate mineral of general chemical formula: Ca9Si6O18(OH)6·8H2O.
Jennite occurs as an alteration mineral in metamorphosed limestone and skarn. It typically occurs as vein and open space fillings as a late mineral phase. It also occurs in hydrated cement paste.
A first specimen of jennite found in 1966 at the Crestmore quarries (Crestmore, Riverside County, California, USA) was analysed and identified as a new mineral by Carpenter in 1966 (Carpenter, 1966). They named it in honour of its discoverer: Clarence Marvin Jenni (1896–1973) director of the Geological Museum at the University of Missouri.
In contrast to the first analysis made by Carpenter, jennite does not contain appreciable amount of sodium when the Crestmore specimen was reexamined (Gard, 1977).
The structure of jennite is made of three distinct modules: ribbons of edge-sharing calcium octahedra, silicate chains of wollastonite-type running along the b axis, and additional calcium octahedra on inversion centers. The hydroxyl groups are bonded to three calcium cations while no SiOH groups are observed (Bonaccorsi, 2004).
Jennite transforms to metajennite at 70 – 90 °C by losing four water molecules (Gard, 1977).
- Other calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) minerals:
- Other calcium aluminium silicate hydrate, (CASH) minerals:
- Abdul-Jaber, Q.H.; Khoury, H. (1998), "Unusual mineralisation in the Maqarin Area (North Jordan) and the occurrence of some rare minerals in the marbles and the weathered rocks", Neues Jahrb. Geol. Paläontol. Abh. 208: 603–629
- Bonaccorsi, E.; Merlino, S.; Taylor, H.F.W. (2004), "The crystal structure of jennite, Ca9Si6O18(OH)6 · 8 H2O, Locality: Fuka, Japan", Cement and Concrete Research 34 (9): 1481–1488, doi:10.1016/j.cemconres.2003.12.033, retrieved 2009-02-04
- Carpenter, A.B.; Chalmers, R.A.; Gard, J.A.; Speakman, K.; Taylor, H.F.W. (1966), "Jennite, a new mineral" (PDF), American Mineralogist 51: 56–74, retrieved 2009-02-04
- Gard, J.A.; Taylor, H.F.W.; Cliff, G.; Lorimer, G.W. (1977), "A reexamination of jennite" (PDF), American Mineralogist 62: 365–368, retrieved 2009-02-04
- Chen, Jeffrey J.; Jeffrey J. Thomas, Hal F.W. Taylor, Hamlin M. Jennings (2004), "Solubility and structure of calcium silicate hydrate", Cement and Concrete Research 34 (9): 1499–1519, doi:10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.04.034, ISSN 0008-8846, retrieved 2009-02-04
- Eakle, Arthur S. (1927), "Famous mineral localities: Crestmore, Riverside County, California", American Mineralogist 12: 319–321, retrieved 2009-11-01
- Naomichi, Hara (2000), "Formation of jennite and tobermorite from amorphous silica", J. Soc. Inorg. Mater. Japan 7 (285): 133–142, ISSN 1345-3769, retrieved 2009-02-04
- Merlino, S.; Bonaccorsi E., Armbruster T. (2001), "The real structure of tobermorite 11A: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modifications (Note: MDO2 - synchrotron radiation source. Locality: Bascenov, Urals, Russia)", European Journal of Mineralogy 13: 577–590, doi:10.1127/0935-1221/2001/0013-0577