|801st Mayor of Cambridge|
|Preceded by||Robert Dryden|
|Succeeded by||Mike Dixon|
|Cambridge City Councillor, East Chesterton Ward|
May 2002 – May 2008
|Political party||Liberal Democrat|
Jenny Bailey is a British Liberal Democrat politician who was the civic leader of Cambridge City Council in Cambridge, England. Bailey served her mayoral term from 2007–2008. Bailey became a member of the city council in 2002, when she was elected to represent the suburb of East Chesterton within Cambridge. She served the council continuously from 2002–2007, rising the ranks until she was chosen to become mayor in 2007. Prior to her appointment as full mayor, she acted as a deputy in 2006.
She was the first transgender mayor in the United Kingdom, but not the first in the world as Georgina Beyer, also a trans woman, became Mayor of Carterton, New Zealand in 1995. Bailey herself was keen to play down the significance of her appointment, saying, "I don't want to let it define me." Bailey had undergone gender transitioning 11 years prior to assuming office in the council.
Bailey was married before her transition, and became a parent to two sons. Bailey and her longtime companion Jennifer Liddle entered into a civil partnership on 22 September 2011. Liddle, a former councillor, is also trans woman; she served as Bailey's mayoress.
Bailey was born in Doncaster Prison, where her father worked as a prison officer. She was brought up at Doncaster prison camp, and has said that her own confusion about her gender arose as early as aged 6 or 7. In school, Bailey joined the radio club led by her physics teacher and decided to follow this interest in her professional working life. Aged 20, she received a sponsorship from local company Pye Telecom to take part in a three-year training course. This involved placements at Lanchester Polytechnic, colleges in Coventry and industrial training in Cambridge. Bailey worked in several jobs as a telecommunications engineer before becoming involved in politics.
In her 20s, she had to further suppress her confusion over her gender as she married a cisgender woman and became a parent to two sons. However, the marriage met with an amicable demise soon after; Bailey maintained a relationship with her former wife and upon hearing that Bailey was to be sworn in as mayor, her former wife said that she was "incredibly proud". She began hormone replacement therapy in 1990, aged 29. There she met her current partner, Jennifer Liddle, who also worked as a software engineer and was also undergoing gender transitioning. Bailey had sex reassignment surgery in 1993.
Bailey made the decision to enter politics in the early 2000s, later saying that her ambition to make a contribution to local life was the biggest incentive behind this career choice. She became a councillor for the Liberal Democrats in 2002 after being elected to represent East Chesterton. Bailey had long taken an interest in environmental issues and made them a feature of her tenure in office; promoting cycling, waste management, recycling, and advocating the use of public transport; as well as implementing several schemes to aid local residents in these activities. She served as a school governor for Chesterton Community College for a short period.
In 2004, she was appointed as Executive Councillor for Planning and Transportation, and in this role successfully led the Council’s new parking enforcement role. She was also re-elected as councillor for East Chesterton, winning 40.7% of the vote; a margin of 2.4% over her partner, Liddle. She was promoted to deputy mayor in 2006, acting as Ceremonial Bailiff to the mayor at select civic ceremonial events.
At Cambridge City Council's annual meeting on 24 May 2007, Bailey was appointed mayor for the municipal year of 2007–2008, thus becoming the 801st first citizen of Cambridge. Her job as mayor entailed attending approximately 500 social engagements. Bailey chose two charities, Press Relief and the Cambridge Museum of Technology, to be the primary benefactors of the fundraising done throughout her tenure. Bailey also vowed to give recognition to the unsung heroes of the city.
She was succeeded by her deputy mayor, Mike Dixon, in 2008.
Despite it being well known among councillors for several years, Bailey's appointment garnered significant media coverage, with Fox News reporting the story in the USA. Bailey, however, said that she did not want the issue to eclipse being mayor.
- Andrew Levy (24 May 2007). "Meet the sex-change lady mayor and mayoress". Mail Online. Retrieved 16 February 2008.
- "Cambridge mayors 2000–2010". Cambridge City Council. Archived from the original on 2011-06-13. Retrieved 14 September 2010
- "First sex-swap mayor is sworn in". BBC News. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 16 February 2008.
- "Georgina Beyer". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
- Lucy Bannerman (24 May 2007). "Double first for sex-change mayor and her mayoress". Times Online. Retrieved 16 February 2008.
- Elliott, Chris (23 September 2011). "City's sex-change mayor and mayoress celebrate civil partnership". Cambridge News. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- "World's first transgender mayor". Varsity, Elliot Ross. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 16 February 2008.
- Cambridge City Council Elections – East Chesterton Ward CIX Online; Retrieved 17 February 2008
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- Associated Press (25 May 2007). "Transsexual Becomes Mayor in Cambridge, England". Fox News. Retrieved 17 February 2008.