Jenny Nelson at Royal Society admissions day in London, July 2014
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge (BA)|
University of Bristol (PhD)
|Awards||Armourers and Brasiers' Company Prize (2012)|
Faraday Medal and Prize (2016)
|Institutions||Imperial College London|
|Thesis||Optics of fractal clusters: with reference to soot (1988)|
|Doctoral advisor||Michael Victor Berry|
Nelson was educated at the University of Cambridge and the University of Bristol where she obtained her PhD in 1988 for research on the optics of fractal clusters supervised by Michael Berry.
Research and career
Nelson's research is devoted to characterising the materials used to build and improve photovoltaic devices, which convert energy from the Sun into electricity. She applies a range of tools that include physical models, simulation and experiments to optimise the performance of such devices through their composite materials.
Over the last twenty-five years, Nelson has worked with many types of energy converting materials, ranging from molecular materials to inorganic materials such as nanocrystalline oxides, and organic–inorganic hybrids. She uses information describing the electronic, optical and structural properties of these materials to inform the design of her devices, an approach that has garnered strong interest from industry.
Since 2010, Nelson has also been studying the potential of photovoltaic technologies to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide that is emitted during the generation of electricity, lessening the impact on climate change. She is the author of a popular textbook, The Physics of Solar Cells.
Nelson's research has focused on the development of detailed physical descriptions of novel nanostructured or disordered (organic electronic) materials, the quantitative validation of model results against experimental data, and above all, the application of physical science to address the challenges in energy supply, in particular, in the area of photovoltaic energy conversion. Her work on the functional understanding of organic photovoltaic materials and devices has been her focus since 2000.
Nelson is ranked by the Institute for Scientific Information as one of the top 100 materials scientists in the world on the basis of the impact (citations per paper) of her journal papers published between 2000 and 2010.
In 2013 Nelson joined Welsh Government's Sêr Cymru programme, a £50 million initiative to enhance solar research capability in Wales. Alongside her chair at Imperial, Nelson is Sêr Cymru Joint Chair and Professor of Physics at SPECIFIC, Swansea University. SPECIFIC is located at the Innovation and Knowledge Centre at Baglan Energy Park, and the initiative is widely celebrated as a beacon for progress in Welsh science.
Awards and honours
Jenny Nelson is distinguished for the development of fundamental physical models, simulation tools and experiments to discover and exploit relationships between the performance of photovoltaic devices and the physical and chemical properties of the constituent materials. She has driven advances in the science and design of quantum semiconductor heterostructures, nanocrystalline oxide, conjugated molecular and hybrid organic-inorganic materials. Through analysis of the electronic, optical and structural properties of these materials she has explained device performance, introduced physical models of device function and developed analytical, numerical and experimental tools for characterisation, diagnostics and design, which have attracted the sustained interest and support of industry.
Nelson has also been awarded a Greenpeace Research Fellowship 1989–1992 and 1996–1997, an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Advanced Research Fellowship 1997–2003, Institute of Physics James Joule Medal and Prize in 2009, Armourers and Brasiers' Company Prize (2012), and an Industry Fellowship from the Royal Society, 2010 – 2013. In 2016 Nelson won the Institute of Physics Faraday Medal and Prize, for "pioneering advances in the science of nanostructured and molecular semiconductor materials". In 2017 she won the Imperial College Union Student Choice Award for Best Supervision, with students nominating her for her outstanding commitment to their scientific careers: "I came to Jenny at a time when my faith in myself and the scientific process was at all time low. She believed in me when I didn't".
- Jenny Nelson publications indexed by Google Scholar
- Jenny Nelson at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Jenny Nelson publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
- "Intranet DEIB". intranet.dei.polimi.it. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- Kim, Y.; Cook, S.; Tuladhar, S. M.; Choulis, S. A.; Nelson, J.; Durrant, J. R.; Bradley, D. D. C.; Giles, M.; McCulloch, I.; Ha, C. S.; Ree, M. (2006). "A strong regioregularity effect in self-organizing conjugated polymer films and high-efficiency polythiophene:fullerene solar cells". Nature Materials. 5 (3): 197. Bibcode:2006NatMa...5..197K. doi:10.1038/nmat1574. S2CID 136757172.
- Campoy-Quiles, M.; Ferenczi, T.; Agostinelli, T.; Etchegoin, P. G.; Kim, Y.; Anthopoulos, T. D.; Stavrinou, P. N.; Bradley, D. D. C.; Nelson, J. (2008). "Morphology evolution via self-organization and lateral and vertical diffusion in polymer:fullerene solar cell blends". Nature Materials. 7 (2): 158–64. Bibcode:2008NatMa...7..158C. doi:10.1038/nmat2102. PMID 18204451.
- Kim, Y.; Choulis, S. A.; Nelson, J.; Bradley, D. D. C.; Cook, S.; Durrant, J. R. (2005). "Device annealing effect in organic solar cells with blends of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) and soluble fullerene". Applied Physics Letters. 86 (6): 063502. Bibcode:2005ApPhL..86f3502K. doi:10.1063/1.1861123.
- Anon (2017). "Nelson, Prof. Jenny". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U281965. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
- Nelson, Jennifer (1988). Optics of fractal clusters: with reference to soot. exlibrisgroup.com (PhD thesis). University of Bristol. Copac 754768.
- Anon (2014). "Professor Jenny Nelson FRS". royalsociety.org. London: Royal Society. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:
“All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.” --"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 November 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Wade, Jessica; Steiner, Florian; Niedzialek, Dorota; James, David T.; Jung, Youngsuk; Yun, Dong-Jin; Bradley, Donal D. C.; Nelson, Jenny; Kim, Ji-Seon (2014). "Charge mobility anisotropy of functionalized pentacenes in organic field effect transistors fabricated by solution processing". Journal of Materials Chemistry C. 2 (47): 10110–10115. doi:10.1039/C4TC01353K. ISSN 2050-7526.
- James, David T.; Frost, Jarvist M.; Wade, Jessica; Nelson, Jenny; Kim, Ji-Seon (2013). "Controlling Microstructure of Pentacene Derivatives by Solution Processing: Impact of Structural Anisotropy on Optoelectronic Properties". ACS Nano. 7 (9): 7983–7991. doi:10.1021/nn403073d. ISSN 1936-0851. PMID 23919253.
- The Physics of Solar Cells, Imperial College Press, 2003, ISBN 9781860943492
- Anon (2000). "Top 100 Materials Scientists". ScienceWatch.com. Clarivate Analytics.
- "Specific | Our People". www.specific.eu.com. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "Welsh Government | Written Statement - Progress on Aspects of Science for Wales". gov.wales. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "2009 Joule medal and prize". Institute of Physics. Institute of Physics. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- Physics, Institute of. "2016 Faraday Medal and prize of the Institute of Physics". iop.org. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "Prof Jenny Nelson". Imperial College Union. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017.