Jenny Lives with Eric and Martin
|Original title||Mette bor hos Morten og Erik|
|Genre||Children's picture book|
Jenny lives with Eric and Martin, originally Mette bor hos Morten og Erik, is a black-and-white picture book by the Danish author Susanne Bösche, published in 1981 in Danish and in 1983 in English. It was perhaps the first English-language children's book to discuss homosexuality.
The story describes a few days in the life of a five-year-old named Jenny, her father, Martin, and his boyfriend Eric who lives with them. Jenny's mother Karen lives nearby and often visits the household.
The book covers such small adventures as
- Jenny, Eric and Martin going to the laundrette together
- Jenny, Martin and Karen preparing a surprise birthday party for Eric
- Eric and Martin having a small quarrel and making up
- A woman expressing homophobic disgust when passing the family in the street. This is the subject of a later discussion between Eric and Jenny.
Bösche has spoken of her motivation in writing the book:
|“||I wrote Jenny Lives with Eric and Martin back in 1981 because I became aware of the problems which some children face when meeting family groupings different from the ones they are familiar with, i.e. mum and dad, possibly mum and dad divorced, maybe a step-parent.||”|
In 1986 various newspapers reported that a copy of the book was provided in the library of a school run by the Labour-controlled Inner London Education Authority. A complaint was made to the Press Council regarding the press coverage as the book had not actually been made available to children but only one copy had been purchased and made available to teachers through the Isledon Teachers Centre. The Education Authority had not approved it for younger children, and it was only supposed to be shown to older children "in exceptional circumstances" and following consultation with parents.
The availability of the book was condemned by Kenneth Baker, the Secretary of State for Education. In response to Baker's intervention, Frances Morrell, the leader of the Inner London Education Authority, said that the very limited use of the book in local authority schools was consistent with the government's requirements on sex education.
The resulting controversy made a major contribution towards the then Conservative administration's subsequent passing of the controversial Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988, which forbade the promotion of homosexuality by local government (an article about Section 28 in The Times of May 29, 1988 notes the then-current notoriety of the book).
In the United States in the 1990s, Heather Has Two Mommies became a similarly politicised book.
- Jenny, Eric, Martin . . . and me, Guardian Unlimited Books
- Smith, Richard (8 February 2011). "Behind The Story - Section 28". Gay Times (353). Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- James Curran; Julian Petley; Ivor Gaber (2005). Culture Wars: The Media and the British Left. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 162–165. ISBN 978-0-7486-1917-7.
- Lords Hansard text for 6 Dec 1999 (191206-10) Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.
- Clause 28, or section 28, anti-gay law, by Brian Deer