|Place of origin||Korea|
Jeok (적; 炙) is a Korean meat dish served with skewers. Jeok is typically made with a large variety of meats, vegetables and mushrooms and is usually served on special occasions such as birthdays (hwangap) and wedding ceremonies. Jeok comes in multiple varieties, including sanjeok and nureum-jeok.
Jeok is from Maekjeok (貊炙). It is discussed in the book In Search of the Supernatural (搜神記) written during the Jin dynasty of China. In a letter Maek (貊) refers to the Yemaek people. The book says " Qiang simmered dish and Yemaek roast are barbarian's foods. Since the beginning of China, they are prized by nobles and rich people" (羌煮,貊炙,翟之食也。自太始以來,中國尚之。貴人,富室,必留其器) where Yemaek roast is Maekjeok. According to another record Shiming (釋名), "Maekjeok is a whole pig that is barbecued, from which pieces of meat are sliced off by each individual participating in the meal. It derives from Yemaek." (貊炙,全體炙之,各自以刀割,出於胡貊之為也)
These descriptions show that Maekjeok is a different dish from Bulgogi. However in Korea, Maekjeok is thought to be the precursor to modern day Bulgogi. Outside of the nobility, ordinary people also enjoyed jeok and similar grilled dishes without skewers, such as bulgogi and galbi.
Vegetables served with jeok include spring onions, carrots, broad bell flowers and most notably, mushrooms. These are foods that are widely found available in the local areas where the cuisine first became popular. As jeok consists of several ingredients, from vegetables to meat, the dish has a high nutritional balance and unlike many Korean dishes, does not include rice.
- An Illustrated Guide to Korean Culture - 233 traditional key words. Seoul: Hakgojae Publishing Co. 2002. pp. 59. ISBN 9788985846981.
- 干寶 (2014). 搜神記. 7. 朔雪寒.
- 劉學銚 (2004). 胡馬渡陰山: 活躍於漢人歷史的異族. 知書房出版集團. p. 263. ISBN 9867640403.
- (in English) Bulgogi or Neobiani (broiled beef), triptokorea. Accessdate: June 8, 2010.
- Making Sanjeok
- (Korean) Han Chun Seop, Lee Soon ok, 2012, Nutritional balanced food made of mushroom
- (Korean) Jeon Sung Hee, 2008, Jeon 50(전50)