Jeon (food)

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Not to be confused with buchimgae. Buchimgae in a wider sense includes jeon, but not vice versa.
jeon
Korean pancake-Aehobakjeon and saengseonjeon.jpg
hobakjeon made of aehobak and saengseonjeong made of fish
Alternative names jeonya, jeonyu, jeonyueo, jeonyuhwa
Course appetizer, banchan(side dish), anju
Place of origin Korea
Region or state Korea
Main ingredients fish, meat, poultry, seafood, vegetable, flour, egg
Cookbook: jeon  Media: jeon

Jeon() refers to a dish made by seasoning whole, sliced, or minced fish, meat, vegetables, etc., and coating them with wheat flour and egg wash before frying them in oil.[1] Jeon can be made with various ingredients such as fish, meat, poultry, seafood, and vegetable, and be served as an appetizer, a banchan(side dish), or an anju(food served and eaten with drinks). Some jeon are sweet desserts; one such variety is called hwajeon(literally "flower jeon").

Names[edit]

Although jeon can be considered a type of buchimgae in a wider sense, buchimgae and jeon are different dishes.

Jeon can also be called jeonya(전유화),[2] especially in Korean royal court cuisine context. Jeonya is sometimes called jeonyueo or jeonyuhwa(전유어).

The variety of jeon made for jesa(ancestral rite) are called gannap(간납). Gannap are usually made of beef liver, omasum, or fish.

Types[edit]

Meat[edit]

  • Yukjeon (육전 肉煎), made with shredded beef[3]
  • Wanjajeon (완자전) or wanja (완자); also named donggeurang ttaeng (동그랑땡), small ball-shaped jeon comprising minced beef, tofu, and vegetables, coated with wheat flour and egg batter[4][5]
  • Ganjeon (간전), made with beef liver[6]
  • Cheonyeopjeon (처녑전), made with omasum[7]
  • Meat jun, a popular Korean dish in Hawaii.

Seafood[edit]

Saengseonjeon (생선전 生鮮煎) is a generic term referring to any jeon made with fish. Generally, white fish is preferred for making jeon. Whereas haemul jeon (해물전 海物煎) includes jeon made with not only fish but also paeryu (패류 shellfish), shrimp and octopus.

  • Mineojeon (민어전 民魚煎), made with croaker[8]
  • Daegujeon (대구전 大口煎), made with Pacific cod[9]
  • Guljeon (굴전), made with oysters[10]
  • Daehajeon (대하전 大蝦煎), made with fleshy prawn[11]
  • Saewoojeon (새우전), made with shrimp[12]

Vegetables and mushrooms[edit]

Others[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "전" [jeon]. Basic Korean dictionar. National Institute of Korean language. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  2. ^ "저냐" [jeonya]. Standard Korean Dictionary (in Korean). National Institute of Korean Language. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  3. ^ 전 (煎) (in Korean). Daum Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  4. ^ 동그랑땡 (in Korean). Donga Woman. 2006. Retrieved 2013-04-05. 
  5. ^ "Recipe for Korean Tofu and Meat Patties (Wanja Jun)". About.com. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  6. ^ 간전 (in Korean). bek.me. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  7. ^ 처녑전 (in Korean). Jeonbuk Food Culture Plaza. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  8. ^ 면어 (in Korean). 디지털안산문화대전. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  9. ^ 대구전 (in Korean). Manupan. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  10. ^ 굴전 (in Korean). Jeonbuk Food Culture Plaza. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  11. ^ 대하전유어 (in Korean). Jeonbuk Food Culture Plaza. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  12. ^ 새우전 (in Korean). Manupan. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  13. ^ a b "A List of Korean Savory Pancakes". About.com. Retrieved 2013-04-05. 
  14. ^ 감자전 (in Korean). Donga. Archived from the original on 2004-02-27. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  15. ^ "Korean Fried Zucchini (Hobak Jun) Recipe". About.com. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  16. ^ 연근전 (in Korean). Menupan. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  17. ^ "Green chili pepper pancake (gochujeon) recipe". Maangchi.com. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  18. ^ "Gajijeon 가지전 - Pan-fried Eggplant". HannaOne. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  19. ^ 더덕전 (in Korean). Donga Woman. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  20. ^ 고사리전 (in Korean). Seoul Hansalim. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 
  21. ^ Chung, Soon Yung (2001). Korean Home Cooking. Stuffed mushrooms with beef, Pyogojeon. Tuttle Publishing. p. 65p. ISBN 0-7946-5006-6. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  22. ^ 두부전 (in Korean). Menupan. Retrieved 2013-04-09. 

References[edit]