Jeongan

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Jeongan

定安國
938–986
Jeongan.svg
CapitalYalu Fu [zh]
Common languagesUnknown
Religion
Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shamanism
GovernmentMonarchy
King 
• 938–976
Lie Wanhua (first)
• 976–986
Wu Xuanming (last)
History 
• Establishment
938
• Fall
986
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Later Balhae
Liao Dynasty
Today part ofChina
North Korea
Jeongan
Hangul
정안국
Hanja
定安國
Revised RomanizationJeongan guk
McCune–ReischauerChŏngan kuk
Jeongan
Traditional Chinese定安國
Simplified Chinese定安国

The Jeongan Kingdom (정안국 or 定安國, 938-986) was a successor state of Balhae founded by Lie Wanhua. The official Chinese historical record, the History of Song states that Jeongan derives from Mahan or possibly a descendant of Mohe people.[1][2]

Establishment and Downfall[edit]

When Khitan Liao Dynasty forces deposed Balhae in 926, a few officials of the fallen kingdom, led by the Dae clan, established Later Balhae. However, in 935, General Lie Wanhua took control of the government after the death of the Dae clan king, and changed the state name to Jeongan. Jeongan is recorded to have enlisted the assistance of neighboring tribes with the hopes of overthrowing the Khitan, but apparently failed to do so. The Lie clan was replaced by the Wu clan in 976, and was ruled by Wu Xuanming until before it was finally destroyed by the Khitans in 986 CE.

Rulers[edit]

  1. Lie Wanhua [zh](烈萬華), 938-976)
  2. Wu Xuanming [zh](烏玄明), 976-986)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Cambridge History of China. The Liao (Chapter 1). Cambridge University Press. March 2008. pp. 43–88.
  2. ^ "정안국" [Jeongan Kingdom]. terms.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2019-05-20.

Citations[edit]