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Geumgyul jeonggwa (kumquat sweet).jpg
Geumgyul-jeonggwa (candied kumquat)
Place of originKorea
Main ingredientsEdible fruits, roots, or seeds; honey, mullyeot, or sugar
Korean name
Revised Romanizationjeonggwa

Jeonggwa (정과; 正果) is a crispy, chewy hangwa (traditional Korean confection) with vivid colors and a translucent look.[1][2] It can be made by boiling sliced fruits, roots, or seeds in honey, mullyeot (rice syrup), or sugar water, then drying the slices, and optionally shaping them into flowers or other decorative forms.[3][4][5] The candied fruits, roots, or seeds may have the similar texture to jam, marmalade, or jelly.


Common ingredients include yuja, quinces, apricots, lotus roots, radishes, carrots, ginseng, balloon flower roots, gingers, burdock roots, bamboo shoots, and winter melons.[2][4][6] If water is boiled first with honey (and often with spices such as cinnamon and ginger) and dried fruit is added later, it is called sujeonggwa (수정과; 水正果; "water jeonggwa") and served cold as a beverage.


  • Aengdu-jeonggwa (앵두정과) – candied Korean cherry
  • Boksunga-jeonggwa (복숭아정과) – candied peach
  • Cheongmae-jeonggwa (청매정과; 靑梅正果) – candied green Korean plum
  • Cheonmundong-jeonggwa (천문동정과; 天門冬正果) – candied Chinese asparagus
  • Dallae-jeonggwa (달래정과) – candied Korean wilde chive
  • Danggeun-jeonggwa (당근정과) – candied carrot
  • Deuljjuk-jeonggwa (들쭉정과) – candied bog bilberry
  • Donga-jeonggwa (동아정과) – candied winter melon
  • Doraji-jeonggwa (도라지정과) – candied balloon flower root
  • Gyul-jeonggwa (귤정과) – candied citrus fruit
  • Haengin-jeonggwa (행인정과; 杏仁正果) – candied apricot kernel
  • Hyangseolgo (향설고; 香雪膏) – candied munbae
  • Insam-jeonggwa (인삼정과; 人蔘正果) – candied Korean ginseng
  • Juksun-jeonggwa (죽순정과; 竹筍正果) – candied bamboo shoot
  • Meoru-jeonggwa (머루정과) – candied crimson grapevine berry
  • Mogwa-jeonggwa (모과정과) – candied Chinese quince
  • Saenggang-jeonggwa (생강정과; 生薑正果) – candied ginger
  • Salgu-jeonggwa (살구정과) – candied apricot
  • Yeongeun-jeonggwa (연근정과; 蓮根正果) – candied lotus root
  • Yuja-jeonggwa (유자정과; 柚子正果) – candied yuja



See also[edit]


  1. ^ "jeonggwa" 정과. Standard Korean Language Dictionary (in Korean). National Institute of Korean Language. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b Korea Tourism Organization (23 December 2015). "A Bite of Sweetness! Korean Desserts". Stripes Korea. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  3. ^ Kwon, Mee-yoo (21 January 2011). "[Weekender] Summer dessert — Korean style". The Korea Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b Chun, Hui-jung (2014). Yoon, Ho-mi, ed. Korean Food Guide 800. Seoul: The Korea Foundation. p. 195 – via issuu.
  5. ^ 윤, 서석. "jeolpyeon" 정과. Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  6. ^ Koehler, Robert (2012). Traditional Food: A Taste of Korean Life. Seoul: Seoul Selection. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-62412-036-7.